A Study Guide to the Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham by Allen J Fletcher – Book Notes



The Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham are a part of The Pearl of Great Price. The Pearl of Great Price is one of the canonized scriptures of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Amun_min_ra raised arm Ankh boat Cubit facsimile 1 Facsimile 2 Facsimile 3 Isis with Anhk and Jerusalem heaven and earth join sign Jesus Osiris from rc.com khnum Osiris Ra the sun god boat in heaven Resurrection of Osiris The court of Osiris Judgement Wadjet eye, eye of Horus

see also http://www.legrandlbaker.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Egyptian-theology-and-the-Gospel-of-Christ.-LeGrand-Baker.pdf

References: See back of book and pages throughout the book. Here mainly (with some exceptions) are merely referenced the pages of this book where these things are referenced. Most things said in this book are quotes from scholarly works from egyptologists and historians.

Ch.1: The Mission of Abraham to Egypt:

-these show the Celestial Kingdom, the creation, the garden of Eden, the earth in Telestial state, the resurrection, and return to the Celestial Kingdom. The journey of the existence of mankind.

-They speak of the location of Gods inhabitance.

-the need for sacrifice in the plan of salvation Facs. 1

-scrolls Joseph Smith obtained had Joseph into Egypt writings as well

-Joseph Smith said these coming about is the Lord beginning to reveal PEACE and truth pg.x

-there were more scroll Joseph Smith never got around to publishing the translation of that was left with his mother

-angel struck Pharaoh for trying to marry Abrahams wife; Abraham by the laying on of hands gave him a Priesthood blessing to heal him; this resulted in them letting Abraham sit on Pharaohs throne and teach the people.

-Nibley says the facsimiles were common Egyptian symbols.

-these are to help teach

-Egyptians got their theology this way: the first Pharaoh of Egypt’s mother was named Egyptus. Egyptus was the daughter of Ham. Ham was the son of Noah. (*We see much of what they have comes from the prophet Noah and thus much truth is to remnant with the Egyptians.) p6

-Egyptian mythology has “Osiris”, one legend of having lived and died on earth then raised himself again and succeeded in making himself the god of the dead. This person is Jesus Christ. p7

-Osiris was said to have lived before he came to earth, and that his premarital status was that of godhood. (*Such is what LDS teach is how Jesus Christ was in premortality.) p7

-Osiris was called the firstborn of his father Ra, the god of heaven. He said, “My body is everlastingness.” (*Jesus Christ is the First Born in the flesh, the Only Begotten of his Father in Heaven, God The Father) (Bulge, The Book of the Dead, 550.) p8

-In Egypt “it is not possible for a king to rule without the priesthood” they taught.

-Combining the powers of kingship with High Priest was the key to all according to the Egyptians. (See Nibley Abraham in Egypt, 83-6).

-Amon is the Father of the God’s (*or as Joseph Smith teaches it, “Ahman” is the personal name of Father in heaven. See D&C where Christ refers to himself as Son Ahman in D&C 78:20 and D&C 95:17) (See Nibley Abraham in Egypt, 83-6).

-Amon said of Osiris “I am thy beloved father who establishes thy authority… who confirms thy titles.” (*Just as God The Father only deals directly with man in introducing The Son Jesus Christ ever since the Fall of Adam (see McConkie “The Mortal Messiah”) (See Nibley Abraham in Egypt, 83-6). p8

-Ra was the father of Osiris (Budge, The Gods of the Egyptians, 2:141) p8

-Speaking of Osiris, Bonwick says “His birth, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension embraced the leading points of Egyptian theology” (Bonwick, “Egyptian Belief and Modern Thought”, 150.

-Egyptians held Pharaoh to be god, and he would daily open the holy of holies and commune with god they say. p9

-Baptism in Egypt is called “the waters of purification”. People were immersed in water which absolutely cleansed the soul and the person was said to be regenerated. p10, Bonwick, Egyptian Belief and Modern Thought, 416.

-The Eucharist (sacrament) was known in Egypt. The bread after sacerdotal rites becomes mystically the body of Osiris; lead the partakers to grow into the very nature of the gods. (ibid., 416-18.) p10

-When the sacrament could not be had by one, Priests would take it to them (above ref.). p10

-Being baptized to become a Christian is just like in Egypt “by the same rite one becomes an Osiris” (Madsen quoting Cyril in “The Temple in Antiquity”, 27). p10-11.

-There was another baptism, or washing, where the brow, face, ears, nose, breast, and so forth were anointed. It was said to clothe them with the holy spirit. They also received a garment. These pointed to the Christ, and receiving nails in the hands and feet was imitated (above ref.). p11

-Egyptian prince of the gods had a whip and a crook one in each hand. In the right hand of this prince is the crook, in the left hand is the whip (*this reminds me of how Christ gathers his sheep on his right hand with a shepherds’ crook, and on his left are the goats, which get whipped, or suffer the consequences of their actions). p12

-Osiris was called the Manifester of the Hidden Father , the Builder of the Temple of Peace. *Like Christ.

-The aim of every good man in Egypt was to become an Osiris (*like how we try to live to be born again a new creature, a Son of God by the power of Christ, becoming “a new creature” as Alma puts it).

-Osiris was even prefixed on some of their names.

-It was said that at the end of 3 days being dead, Osiris rose and ascended into heaven.

-Facsimile from Book of Abraham (In the LDS book “The Pearl of Great Price” one of the LDS standard books of scripture) #1 refers to death and resurrection of the God Osiris. We read in the description that it is Abraham being sacrificed by wicked priests, this Abraham acting as a type of Christ, and the Egyptians could relate to that because of their legends of Osiris. Abraham was teaching them that one Jesus Christ would be born, who would be their Osiris they expected. p13 etc.

-One Egyptian picture of Osiris dead has 2 women looking at him with their hands in front of their eyes (*like a veil covering their eyes as was done oft and women still use veils in our day in some cultures like weddings, coronaries, and other religious rites. )

-There are Egyptian pictures depicting Osiris rising from up off of his death bed / bier. p14

-Symbol of how Osiris takes his place at the center of the universe. p14

-Facsimile #2 has some 12 references to Osiris (*Jesus Christ).This is an Egyptian document, and the symbols were used by Abraham the prophet to depict the Messiah Jesus Chris (* just as all prophets did since the beginning (see Jacob 4 in the Book of Mormon)). The document includes references to Osiris as the mighty God, the Lord of heaven, earth, the netherworld, and the great waters, a manifestor of resurrection, control over earth fire water and air, “The Opener of the Ways”, and as “god of the lifted-arm”. p16-17

-Facsimile #3 shows Osiris as a resurreced being sitting on his throne in the act of judgment. p17.

-Symbols and words in Facsimile speak of Isis being the mother of the god, of being justified forever, of Osiris being the Lord of heaven.

-Paul’s people he taught had an inscription of worship “TO THE UNKNOWN GOD”. In Abraham’s day, the case would have been that they would write “TO THE MIGHTY GOD Osiris”. Paul said, “Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you” (Acts 17:23). p19

-Abraham escaping death on the alter of the wicked priests is symbolic of how Christ was resurrected. p20

-Abraham is shown, for what Abraham went through is a type of what happens t Osiris, whom we know to be Christ.

-Abraham had been in the presence of God, this is one of the reasons why we use him as a type of Christ, a symbol to teach us about Christ.

-Abraham was invited by the pharaoh to sit on his own throne and teach his people (*this is like how Christ sits on the throne of his Father).

-Joseph Smith said at mans creation intelligence burst upon him -lectures on Faith, 14-15.

-Adam had no veil to separate him from the presence of God and enjoyed communion with him. -above referenced.

Ch.2 A Brief Overview of the Gods and Symbols of Egypt as Found in the Facsimiles:

-In Facsimile 3, The courtroom of Osiris is shown as having a canopy of stars, representing the majesty and power with that office of government. -p30

-God holds a scepter as seen here and in the scriptures p32

-God wears a crown as seen here and in the scriptures p32

-Adam being among and naming the animals in Garden of Eden he was being tutored in sacred things, tutored in eternal things, the animals each in some way mirrored the ways of their creator, for all natural things bare witness their creator. p24.

-Deseret is the name for the bee we have in the Book of Mormon from the Jaredites. Those are the only people whose language was not changed at the tower of Babel. We call the bee deseret today from what we see it do. Since the bee had not the same function in the Garden of Eden, Adam could not have observed these traits, thus we infer that he had the gift of revelation as he named the animals. p24

-Horus Hawk is a figure in the facsimile, it represents aspects of God such as ascension, divine kingship, and the power of light over darkness (*perhaps illustrated by the image of a bird flying above the clouds into the light).

-Osiris is depicted as rising off of the altar of death at the command of Horus. p25.

-Anubis the god of death is shown. p26

-the figures in vases represent the four cardinal directions, protection for the dead until the resurrection. p26.

-the crocodile is a symbol of death, the god of the water.

-the lotus flower (Lilly) is shown as a long-time symbol of the resurrection, life springing from death, inexhaustible life.

-an image with lines represents the cosmic ocean, the vast domain of space as Nibley calls it. (later in the book we speak of this symbol being at the bottom of the image to show that we get to look into the heavens, sail the sea of the cosmic ocean like God does as we see him depicted here on a ship as they did in those days, and see God on his throne this is the purpose of the gospel and this access is what the image is attempting to teach ) p27.

-The Ram headed God was symbol of the most high God.

-Amon-Ra the creator God who, although “hidden” is manifest in the sun (Wilkenson, 92). p27

-Ra or Re is the creator sun-god who sails in his ship in a solar boat in his celestial journeys.

-Hathor is the mother of Horus, called “the substance of the sun”

-The Ankh symbol that characters hold is similar to a cross shape with a circle on top, it symbolizes a knot or sash, representing a covenant or oath. (*Like how our covenant with Christ begins with him on the cross, and how our covenants we make with God bind us or tie us to him and his aid and direction and destiny).

-Crown of Osiris has feathers and is his greatest and oldest crown and represents spirit and truth.

-Anubis is the keeper of the mysteries and holds the Ankh symbol, represents the messenger who goes before to prepare the way (*like John the baptist and Joseph Smith).

–Chart correlating Egyptian idea of God (“Neter”) in the Facsimiles with attributes of God in the scriptures:

Osiris (The Son)= The Son

Min (Father)= Father

Khnum (Creator)= Creator

Throne= Throne

Amon-Ra (Hidden)= Hidden

Seker (Death and Resurrection)= Ressurection

Was (scepter)= Scepter

Crook and Flail (King and Priest)= King and Priest

Crown (Divine authority)= Crown

Horus (Priesthood and Kingship as office of power and light)= Priesthood as office of power and light

Ankh (Oath, knot, binding)= Covenant, sealing and binding power

Atum (The Ancient One)= Adam The Ancient of Days

Nut (Bosom, Heavenly Heliopolis)= Bosom, Holy City New Jerusalem

Isis & Nephthys (Eternity Future Eternity Past)= From all eternity to all eternity

Anubis (Keys to Mysteries)= Keys to open and shut

Thoth (Intelligence)= Holy Ghost

Hathor (Spirit)= Spirit

Horus (Light)= Light

Maat (Truth)= Truth

Ptah (The Word)= Word

Set (Seth) (Darkness, death, evil, opposition, captivity)= Satan, darkness, death, evil, opposition, captivity

A list of scriptures referencing these p 32-33.

-The Hypocephalus is an ancient document similar to the image we see in the Facsimiles of Abraham. About one hundred have been found.

Ch.3 Facsimile 1:

-the Egyptian “Sed-festival” was where the king would have another person ritually put to death then resurrected in his place symbolizing the renewal of his powers on the throne (Nibley) p37

-the 4 vases with heads show the 4 quarters of the earth and that principle applies to all persons. p39.

-Egyptians use a bird figure to represent the human spirit (*like we do the Holy Ghost)

-this Horus Hawk is also called “the holy hawk” (*like the Holy Ghost).

-Facsimile 1 has Abrahams hands over the face, which was an Egyptian symbol of prayer p41

-when a person is baptized it’s like burying and resurrecting them, symbolic of such, and the lion bier in Facs. 1 represents this, better said, baptism represents this place of death and sacrifice and rebirth etc. p43

-the tail of the lion death bed is raised, showing that though death is serious, this lion looks like a happy puppy, this shows that there is something to look forward to, life after death. (Nibley) p43.

-the lion being part of the death bed shows how anyone facing a lion faces certain death. p43 The baptismal font is like entering the mouth of a lion. p44.

-Facs. 1 the vases under the alter represent the 4 quarters of the earth where our bodily remains may spread, but must be brought back together for the resurrection. p45

-this directions pattern is seen with Abraham when he is promised seed in the north south east and west (Gen. 28)

-in Luke 13:29 Savior said the gathering of his people will be from the east north south and west. p46

-the king of Egypt wanted the attributes of who was sacrificed to come into himself. (*this is like how Christ’s death helps us in our progress)

-The Egyptian king wanted to sacrifice Abraham in particular because Abraham held the Priesthood, and the king wanted that Priesthood. (*another wicked interpolation of this is when Cain tried to get power from shedding blood)

-the people were sad when the Lord smote and killed and Priest among them because their hope of regeneration and getting the Priesthood was gone. p49

-the lotus flower is shown which represents resurrection, and that suggests that the person obtains the gift that Osiris had, life again, and in a way puts us on equal grounds as him, having obtained such like he did p50.

-the lotus flower as shown in the Facs. shows that like how this plant grows in difficult terrain, so need we bear witness of the gospel in dark and dangerous places. (Nibley) p 51

-the person shown on the alter is the same person we see in Facs. 3 that sits on the throne. p52

-the person in the ship in Facs. 2 shows how Egyptians said that the gods go forth in their ships to plough and plant the earth p57

-the Egyptians thought of heaven as a cosmic ocean, which if traversed must be done by ship. p57

-they held that the throne of Ra was situated on a divine ship p57

-Psalm 68:4 says God… rideth upon the heavens” p59

-the figures in Facs. 1 who face to the right all have to do with the death and evil, those who face to the left have to do with the saving of life, and good. p59

-Abraham in Facs. 1 is representative of God, the wicked priest represents Satan, these show the eternal conflict between good and evil, and this image invites us to look through the gates of heaven shown at the bottom of the figure, and into the very presence of God. We learn there that there is opposition in all things and that the righteous always win in the end. p59-60.

Ch.4 Facsimile 2:

-Similar findings to Facsimile 2 date back to 940 B.C. p63

-Nut called “bosom of the gods” was associated with the bee, it was the embodiment of the sacred city. There is a crown called dsr.t (deseret) with a bee on it the Egyptians wore.

-Facsimile 2 represents the principals of astronomy p65

-Joseph Smith translated the images not the text in the Facsimile 2, and said certain of them can only be understood in the temple. Joseph Smith was concerned with the part that was associated with Abraham not necessarily the message intended by the Egyptians. p65.

-Facsimile 2 is like an eye, associated with looking into the mind, hence here the idea of looking into the mind of God. p66

-The eye is dilated in Facs. 2, this is because compared to God we are in darkness. “Mine eyes are upon you” D&C 38:7. p66

-Facs. 2 represents the sun in its journey across the sky, hence recall the verse “follow the son with full purpose of heart” 2 Nephi 31:13. Those who do “shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father” Matthew 13:43. God is “in the light of the sun, and the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was make” D&C 88:7. p66

-Speaking of God, “All things are round about him; and he is… round about all things” D&C 88:41. There is an X on the God in the middle of the Facs. 2, showing X marks the spot, the center of the universe, a globe where God dwells (Facs. 2:1). p67

-Recall “thou hast taken Zion to thine own bosom, from all thy creations, from all eternity to all eternity” (Moses 7:31). Christ is “in the bosom of the Father, even from the beginning” (D&C 76:13). God sitting “upon his throne, who is in the bosom of eternity, who is in the midst of all things” (D&C 88:13). p67

-Scriptural references showing God is in the middle, and things gathering around him in a circle p67-8

-fig 1 of facs. 2 is a seated deity with two, or in other instances, four, rams heads. “He holds in his hands the symbols of life ([the] ankh), of dominion ([the] was), and stability ([the] djed)”. p68

-“god sitting at the enter of the hypoicephalus [this round image which is the facs.], which represents the world” p68

-“depicted with four heads, this god united within himself the attributes of the gods Re (the sun), Shu (light), Geb (the earth), and Osiris (the next world and the resurrection), and represented the primeval creative force.” p68

-Joseph Smith was able to reconstruct part of the document which was damaged even though he had not seen another like this. What he reconstructed goes fairly well along with other ones similar to it that have been found (see other reference sited here of about 100 of these having been found). p69

-“one things seems to be constant: there are at least two heads, and they are the ram looking into both of the dimensions of eternity.” p70

-“The ram, of course, is a symbol of virility, power, and resurrection.” p70

-“he is given four heads [in some other similar facsimiles which have been found], which not only signify the four cardinal directions but also effectively turn our flat facsimile into a sphere, in which he is the center.” p70

-“The ram-god Khnum (Amon-Ra or Osiris) was thought to be a potter, who fashioned man on a potter’s wheel.” p70

-“The word ram in all Semitic languages means high” (quotes Nibley), “and the ram in the highest place is “the most high””. p71

-“Among the myriad of names of this great god (Osiris) was the curious, “I am that I am.“” p71

-Jesus Christ says, “Listen to the voice of him who is from all eternity to all eternity, the Great I Am, even Jesus Christ.” (Doctrine and Covenants 39:1) p75 (*see also the Old Testament Exodus 3:14 Jehovah says “I am that I am”).

-“Ptah-Seker-Osiris (representing “triune god of the resurrection:” “embodied three gods in one, principals of Ptah the “great god who came into being in the beginning” and Seker associated with death and Osiris “the resurrected one and the giver of everlasting life”) was the Egyptian Logos through whom and by whom the world are made…creator of gods and men… who illuminates the worlds.” A symbol of how Christ embodies the power of creation, of power over death, etc. p71-75

-The length of a cubit was an arms length. The arm held up to the square was called the cubit. “The cubit, represented by the squared arm…associated with the idea of embracing, or “folding in the arms”…formed part of the rites of initiation.” p73

-“the cubit was also the symbol of Maat, “the embodiment of truth and justice, kingship and social order.” p73

-“The Khnum (the god represented by fig 1 in facs. 2 with the ram head) figure is God at the center of the universe possessing all power, truth, and glory. He is the divine father and the generator of all things. Because this god was such a conglomerate of gods, it is interesting to discover that he is actual a council of gods. “He (Osiris) is the leader of the gods… who commands the Great Council (in heaven)” (quotes Nibley)” p73

-Speaking of more insight on this facsimile, reading in the Pearl of Great Price speaks of symbolism here of “Kolob, signifying the first creation, nearest to the celestial, or the residence of God. First in government, last pertaining to the measurement of time. The measurement according to celestial time, which celestial time signifies one day to a cubit. One day in Kolob is equal to a thousand years according to the measurement of this earth, which is called by the Egyptians Jah-oh-eh” (from explanation of Fig 1 in The Pearl of Great Price) p73.

-“Kolob…signifies the first great grand governing fixed star which is the farthest that ever has been discovered by the fathers which was discovered by Methusela and also by Abraham” p74

-“The intelligences, the record discloses, are organized in the same way as the planets. They are hierarchical, receiving light from those above and giving light to hose below. In the scale of planets, one was greater than all the rest, and so it is with the intelligences.The great planet is Kolob and the great intelligence is Christ.” p74

-“Joseph Smith said “The past, the present, and the future were and are, with Him, one eternal ‘now‘””. p75

-“Like Ptah-Seker-Osiris, the Savior is literally the triune god of the resurrection (three in one), for His mission had three parts. His pre-earth life, as the Word or Logos of God, the Creator, the opener and beginner (see John 1:1-3, 14); His mortal and dying mission; and His resurrection.” p76

-“Like Ptah-Seker-Osiris coming forth from the heavenly city of Heliopolis, the Savior has come down to us from that great city of the Heavenly Jerusalem, which is in the “bosom” of eternity, and he desires for us to inherit it with him (see D&C 38:4; Moses 7:31, 47, 69).” p76

-“Like Ptah-Seker-Osiris, the Savior is the illuminator of worlds (see D&C 88:7-13)” p76

-“Ptah-Seker-Osiris is portrayed as being “without father” and “without mother.” This is surely an attempt to link the god with priesthood, for it is actually the Priesthood after the Order of the Son of God, that is “without father, without mother” (Hebrews 7:3), and “without beginning of days or end of years, being prepared from eternity to all eternity” (Alma 13:7 in The Book of Mormon). p76

-lists holy things constructed to the measurement of the temple and gives biblical references to Noah’s ark, ark of the covenant of Moses, city of the New Jerusalem, Tabernacle of Moses, temple in the vision of Ezekiel and temple of Solomon, etc. p77

-“We learn in the explanation to Figure 1 of Facsimile 2 that one day with the Lord, which is a thousand years of our time, is to Him equal to one cubit. This equates time and distance. In some manner, a thousand years of time is equal to eighteen inches of distance. Could that maenad that when we lived with the Lord in heaven we lived in an environment so advanced that in the time it took for us to move the distance of one cubit… a thousand years according to the mortal time would have passed? This would mean that in coming to earth, we are on an accelerated, fast-forward merry-go-round, and that the whole thing passes with God in the twinkling of an eye. And when we return to heaven, ti will appear as if we had hardly been gone at all.” p77

-speaking of Fig 2 of Facs. 2, “This is Amon-Re, the chief god of the Egyptian pantheon; the two heads illustrate the hidden and mysterious power of Amon (his name in Egyptian means the Hidden One) combined with the visible and luminous power of Re.” p78

-“This figure now represents him on the move. In this second part of a heavenly drama, He becomes Logos, the Firstborn of heaven, the “Divine Word, by whom all things were made, and who though from God, was God,” “the first person after himself (god) uncreated, infinite, ruling over all things that were made by him,” “the Second One…produced from the First One…called forth for the avowed purpose of creating and governing all things; associating to ‘Messiah,’” “the love which the Divine Principle conceives for the first product of its will,” and “the eternal generation of the Son of God…the Eternal Sonship” It is Amon, the supreme god of Thebes, identified with Ra, the Sun, under the name of Amon-Ra.” p79

-“Two heads represent the rising and setting sun. He is the Hidden One, “the personification of the hidden and unknown creative power…associated with the …primeval…god in the creation of the world and all that is in it.” p79

-“Amon means ‘what is hidden’ or that which is not seen and not known.” p79 (*so we see that the hidden (God the Father) are represented in Ra, the sun, which points us to Jesus Christ the son of God, coming to earth “in the express image and likeness of his father” ( see Heb. 1:3; see also 2 Cor. 4:4; Col. 1:15 and Elder Holland General Conference talk 2003 “The Grandeur of God” at https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2003/10/the-grandeur-of-god?lang=eng) doing the things he would do, saying the things he would say (see McConkie “the Mortal Messiah”)

-(* “After generations of prophets had tried to teach the family of man the willand the way of the Father, usually with little success, God in His ultimateeffort to have us know Him, sent to earth His Only Begotten and perfectSon, created in His very likeness and image, to live and serve amongmortals in the everyday rigors of life.” Elder Holland General Conference talk 2003 “The Grandeur of God” at https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2003/10/the-grandeur-of-god?lang=eng).

-Two feathered crown also represented being able to comprehend the future and the past. It’s said of Christ He “who was, and is from all eternity to all eternity” (Mosiah 3:5 Book of Mormon) p80

-Ankh in his hand (fig 2 facs. 2) shows “I will commit thy government into his hand…and the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open” (Isa. 22:21-211). The Prophet Joseph Smith terns this “holding the key of power”.” p80-81.

-“As Amon-Ra, he [Christ] is the Divine Word of the Father, the Logos, who goes forth in first person as if he is the Father, “the Son of God, the Father of heaven and earth, the Creator of all things from the beginning” (Mosiah 3:18) “And his name is called The Word of God” (Revelation 19:13).” p81

-Feathers of the crown symbolize Maat, the truth, which is two truths, past and future “Truth is knowledge of things as they are, and as they were, and as they are to come” (See D&C 93:24) see also Rev. 1:8, John 14:6, and D&C 93:26) p81

-Elder Orson Pratt said “What is the name of God in the pure language? The answer says ‘Ahman.’ What is the name of the Son of God? Answer, ‘Son Ahman”. (Journal of discourses, 2:342-43). In Egypt is is also spelled Amen Amon or Amun. Ahman is revealing himself through his son as Son Ahman. Ra means sun, so Amon-Ra means sun of God. Malachi says “Sun of righteousness” referring to Christ (Malechi 4:2) and Nephi uses this but with the word son, “Son of Righteousness” (2 Nephi 26:9 The Book of Mormon). The Egyptians called the part of God that is hidden “Amon” and the part of God that is manifest “Ra”. p82

-fig 3 of facs 2: “the figure is a hawk headed Ra with a sun disk on his head”. “Wedjat-eye on either side of him…symbolic of light and protection.” “he holds the Was-scepter, symbol of dominion, and in from on him is an altar with a lotus blossom on it.” “Ra seated in his bark represents the sun in its daily journey across the sky and symbolizes resurrection and rebirth, since the sun was thought to die and be reborn each day.”

-An ancient Egyptian writing says, “I have come into thee. My heart watcheth, my head is equipped with the White Crown. I act as the guide of the celestial beings. I make to flourish terrestrial beings. There is joy of heart for the Bull, and for the celestial beings, and for the company of the Gods. I am the god, the Bull, the Lord of the gods… I have moored my boat to the tying-up post in the lakes of the celestial beings” p83

-Another ancient Egyptian passage, “They prepare a path for me, even I who moor with those who are in the Sky and earth. I will sit down, turn around, take my seat, and appear in my flaming glory…I have seen my father face to face.” p83

-Another ancient Egyptian text said to the dead, “Welcome to the fannies (temple)! You are clad in the pure garment of Ptah, in the robe of Hathor. Spacious is your seat in the Bark; you sit in the Ship of God. Fair is your rising like the rising of Ra, you shine like Hathor” p83

-Another ancient Egyptian text by the deified king, “…I control; none being near my throne in the divine ship; I am in control, not being without a boat, my throne being the divine ship at Heliopolis” p84

-The Prophet Joseph Smith said the thing on his head is “a crown of eternal light upon his head; representing the grand Key-words of the Holy Priesthood, as revealed to Adam in the Garden of Eden, as also to Seth, Noah, Melchizeded, Abraham, and all to whom the Priesthood was revealed (Explanation: Figure 3)”.

-“…extol him that rideth upon the heavens ” (Psalms 68:4); “To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens…doth send out his mighty voice” (Psalms 68:33); “And land their souls, yea, their immortal souls, at the right hand of God in the kingdom of heaven, to sit down with Sbraham, and Isaac, and with Jacob, and with all our holy fathers, to go no more out” (Heleman 3:30 The Book of Mormon). p84

-“The implication is that God, Abraham (who is a god), and the traveler (who is becoming a god) will all sit together in the throne-boat.” p84-85.

-The crown of Lower Egypt is worn by the pharaohs it has a bee on it which belongs to Osiris. The bee in Egyptian is “dsrt” (Deseret). This teaches that, like how the bee polinates the flowers, the gods are planters going forth to create new worlds.

-There is Atum (Adam) in a boat in certain Egyptian images (shown in the text). The boat rests on a symbol which suggests the vault of heaven. This suggests that Adum’s boat is a celestial one. In front of Adam is the sign for follower, meaning he is “following Osiris”. In front of him is also the “eye of Horus” which represents the office of seer. It is “key to the measurement of all things and hence to all knowledge.” p87

-Speaking of ships, Brigham Young: ” God is at the helm. This is the mighty ship Zion.” and President Heber C. Kimball: “[Of the Zion of Enoch] God took them and their city…and they sailed away like one ship at sea separating from another”. Hebrew word for Zion means “the ship of the city of light”. Strongs Exoustive Concordance of the Bible says that the following describe the word Zion: “to glitter from afar” “a bright object at a distance traveling towards” and being in “splendor, brilliant continually, to the most distant point of view.” Idea of a ship suggests transplanting things among worlds. (See also Ogden’s Verse by Verse of Old Testament Vol. 1 for into about Adam getting put on this earth from another one, general authorities quotes thereon Brigham Young and others. ) p87

-In Facs. 2 we see bird on a boat in Fig. 4; The Horus Hawk is said to be 1000 cubits long, and that he sails a ship into the stairway of fire. His ship is called “the ship of 1000 cubits long”. The god rides this ship to a place and when it’s work is done there is sails away to another place. This deals with death, but the way it’s put here is positive. Wings show increase, boat on great waters shows expansive heavens, depicts moment of resurrection when all things are new.

-The cow Hathor has the hr in its name, like Horus. Horus is thought to be the substance of the sun, and so Hathor is thought to be the mother of Horus, or the mother of the sun. By her the sun is reborn each day. She personifies the original waters from which all creation came into being. Woman behind the cow holding the lotus flower symbolizes resurrection. The necklace of the cow represents “the persistence of life, durability, ever-renewed youth” these are nourishing principals, caring for the royal line. Joseph Smith refers to this as one of the governing planets which gets it’s light from Kolob. The high horns of the cow hold the sun disk, so the cow is the source of global and local light, being the sun itself, and nourishing the princes with light giving milk which enables them to become true kings. The woman behind the cow has a circle over her head, this shows she is the sun. It shows she is giving life and power to the sun. She is making the cow fertile. The idea of the sun getting its light from another source is shown in how science shows that the sun does generate light from nuclear reactions within itself, but mostly from accretion (increase by external addition), mostly of hydrogen from a distant mass that has come into the gravitational pull of the sun. The woman who has the circle over the head has a dilated eye. This suggests she is the bringer of light since the eye reacts with light. “She is the bringer of a fulness of power and glory from above.” Ra says, “I am he who opens his eyes and causes light to be, and if he closes his eyes makes markness.” (See Nibley “One Eternal Round” lecture 11). This woman was the Widget-eye. The idea of binding and loosing is suggested in all of this as well. p89-92

-Temperatures get hotter as you go past the sun into space. Heat flows from hot to cold, so we reason that the primary heat source is not the sun, but a center beyond the sun that is flowing toward the sun. p92 (Science and Mormonism by Cook).

-The vases in Facs. 2 represent leaf, lion, and lamb or ram. Shows a cycle of death where intervention is needed, for the lamb eats the leaf, the lion eats the lamb, the leaf eats the lion (as it decomposes it becomes a leaf). p94

-In Fig. 7 of Facs. 2, the one on the chair “represents Min, the god of the regenerative, procreative forces of nature”. (Later the text shows this as being the scene of the Garden of Eden). The bird giving him the Wedjat Eye is sometimes depicted to be like a snake. It’s said of Min “Thou art the beautiful prince, who risest like the sun with the white crown, and thou art the Lord of radiant light and the creator of brilliant rays.” (Budge, Gods of the Egyptians). Min-Amon wears the crown of Amon. Min is the god of the raised arm, he is receiving divine powers and attributes as well as giving commitment precedent to such power. Min means holy of holies. p95-97

-In Fig. 7 of Facs. 2 the symbol by the feet of the person on their is of arms held up high, and 2 jackals. The image is like the word “ka” which means “the intelligence, essential nature, or life-force of the deceased”. When the Ka sign has 3 strokes beside it which is to say it three times, it signifies “words of power”. The jackal head means “to be strong, to be mighty”. When used three times it means mighty powers and is seen as a “badge or insignia of might or potency”. The jackal was thought of as a guide, the god Anubis, chief of wisdom and time and chief judge and master. One of his names Wepwawet means “the opener of the ways”. “His office was to introduce the souls of the departed into the divine hidden land. There being three of these suggests the three aspects of time being past present and future. Kau and jackal (useru) are forged together to mean a “judgement and wisdom which open the way into the dimensions of eternity.” p95-99

-In Fig. 7 of Facs. 2 Joseph Smith says this “represents God sitting upon his throne, reavealing through the heavens the grand Key-words of the Priesthood; as, also, the sign of the Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a dove.” p98-99

– In Fig. 7 of Facs. 2 the man has a tail of a hawk, which suggests descending and ascending. This shows “God…revealing through the heavens, power, covenants, and key words as they are revealed by the Holy Ghost.” p99

-In Fig. 7 of Facs. 2 the arms of the dove are in the shape of the Ka, and he is giving the eye. The Ka and the eye together: “Together they show the principle of giving and receiving a fulness of all things, coupled with the idea of embracing.”

-In depictions similar to what we see in Fig. 7 of Facs. 2, there is a bar holding up the crown of Min. This suggests it is heavy. This goes well with the scripture D&C 132:16 speaking of “an exceeding, and an eternal wight of glory”.

-One depiction of Fig 6 of Facs 2 has a flower growing out from underneath the throne, suggesting water under the throne (*like in the bible when it speaks of water coming out from under the temple). p93-94

-The pyramid texts speak of Atum (Adam) “O Atum-Khoprer (Adam The Ancient of Days) you set your arms about them as the arms of the ka-symbol, that your essence might be in them. O Atum, setyour arms about the king… as the arms of a ka-symbol, that the king’s essence may be in it, enduring for ever” p99

-Fig 7 in Facs 2 the man with his arm to the square (the sign of a covenant) is on a man portrayed with power to be a father. God spoke to Noah in the Joseph Smith Translation (JST) of Genesis 8:23 saying that he would make Noah an inheritor of the covenant that was made to his fathers. We see Noah is to be a father. As part of the covenant, Zion comes from heaven and makes the “earth tremble with joy” because Zion comes down from heaven to be on earth. Joseph Smith said “This is why Adam blessed his posterity; he wanted to bring them into the presence of God. They looked for a city [“whose builder and maker is God.” (Heb. 11:10)] (Smith Teachings, 159). p100.

-Ankh symbol like sash around waist by umbilical cord “naval string”.

It showed the concept of taking an oath. Bind is the same as seal. This is the idea that one swears by his life that if it’s broken he dies also. See also water of life umbilical cord parallelisms. p102

-Ankh is shaped like a key. Represents ascending through veil into eternal realms, sphere of the gods.

-They had sacred king names they wrote on a cloth showing them tied to the realm of the gods, tied to “all encircled by the sun.”

-Fig. 8 of Facs. 2 the god is asked to grand Ankh to the should of the Osiris Shishaq (Sheshonq). Same as taking upon us Christ’s name as there taking upon oneself Orsis’s name. p103

-Alma 40:1 Spirits go to god once death of the body occurs

-D&C 132:64 “I will magnify my name upon all those who receive and abide in my law.”

-Osiris gives Ankh to a king, recall Mosiah 18:13 “may he grant unto you eternal life.”

-The Ankh symbol is a composition of 3 signs: a hand of giving, water sign of washing or cleansing, and the placenta sign of birth and renewal. p102

-“I will commit the government into his hand” Isaiah 22:21-22 pertains to this.

“Melchizedek Priesthood is to hold the keys of all the spiritual blessings of the church” D&C 107:18.

“Receive this oath and covenant of my father” D&C 84:40.

“Taketh hold of my covenant” Isaiah 56:6

The cartouche also signifies how “his course is one eternal round” Alma 37:12. see p105

-Fig 17 and 16 of Facs 2 read “May this tomb never be desecrated, and may this soul and its possessor never be desecrated in the Netherworld” similarly we give Priesthood dedication of a grave. Christ controls hell “who controllest and subjectest the devil, and the dark and benighted dominion of Sheol (hell)” D&C121:4. p107

-Fig 18 of Facs 2 the writing around the edge says “I am Djabty (God Osiris) in the House of the Benben (holy of holies) in Heliopolis (the heavenly Jerusalem), so exalted and glorious. [I am] a procreative bull (sire or father) without equal. [I am] that mighty God in the House of Benben in Heliopolis… that Mighty God” p108

-“Come to Osiris, (name of the person), grant thou that she become like one amng thy followers. She is a God who is in the temple of the grand old man in Heliopolis” says another version of the text (see Nibley One Eternal Round lec. 3). So we see it teaches of how the person is becoming a god through the temple of the ancient of days. p109

-Joseph Smith said that the Lord “set the ordinances to be the same forever and ever, and set Adam to watch over them, to reveal them from heaven to man, or to send angels to reveal them” (Smith Teachings, 168) p110

-There are Egyptian images showing the union of the heavenly Heliopolis and the early one. p 111

-Another part of the sign of the Heliopolis is that of a circle with cross roads, symbolizing the gathering of the people from the four parts of the earth to a central location. p111

-facs. 2 fig. 19-20 translated “you will be as that God, the Busirian (Osiris). Busiris was a cult center of Osiris in the Delta and was thus used as an epithet of Osiris.” One text speaking of this says, “stand up, and sit thou upon the throne of Osiris” and “beautiful and great are these things which thy father Osiris hath done for thee. He hath given thee his throne.” Also, “(Osiris) appeared to man not only as the god and judge of the dead, but also as the creator of the world and of all things in it. He who was the son of Ra became the equal of his father, and he took his place side by side with him in heaven.” p112

-3 Nephi 28:10 in The Book of Mormon, “ye shall have fulness of joy; and he shall sit down in the kingdom of my Father; yea, your joy shall be full, even as the Father hath given me fulness of joy; and ye shall be even as I am, and I am even as the Father; and the Father and I are one.”

-Joseph Smith said “Although the earthly tabernacle is laid down and dissolved, they shall rise again to dwell in everlasting burnings in immortal glory…(and) they shall he heirs of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. What is it? To inherit the same power, the same glory and the same exaltation, until you arrive at the station of a God, and ascend the throne of eternal power, the same as those who have gone before. What did Jesus do? Why, I do the things I saw my Father do when worlds came rolling into existence. My Father worked out his kingdom with ear and trembling, and I must do the same; and when I get my kingdom, I shall present it to my Father, so that he may obtain kingdom upon kingdom, and it will exalt him in glory. He will then take a higher exaltation, and I will take his place, and thereby become exalted myself. So that Jesus treads in the tracks of his Father, and ingerits what God did before; and God is thus glorified and exalted in the salvation and exaltation of all his children. It is plain beyond disputation, and you thus learn some of the first principles of the gospel, about which so much hath been said.” (Smith, History of the Church, 6:306) p113

-Enoch spoke of inheritance with Christ, “Thou hast made me, and given unto me a right to thy throne, and not of myself, but through thine own grace.” (Moses 7:59) p113

-There are serpents on either side of the god in the midde of Facs. 2, fig. 1. These are the Sata serpents. “I am the serpent Sata whose years are many. I die and am born each day…I die and I am born again, and I renew myself, and I grow young each day”. This was a symbol of divinity and royalty (*for text on how Satan uses the sign of the serpent to immigrate a godly thing, see Ogden Verse by Verse Old Testament Vol. 1). These were also called Uraei, and the “the god Ra wore two urea upon his forehead.” “Every king is represented with at least one Uraeus upon his forehead.” p114

-The apes on either side of the god seated in Facs. 2 Fig. 1 are Isis and Nephthys. They provide what the head lacketh. They are ‘eternity’ and ‘everlastingness.’ Eternity is the day, and Everlastingness is the night”. p114-115

-Osiris says, “I am the keeper of the volume of the book (the Register or Tablet of Destiny) of the things which have been made, and of the things which shall be made…the things which have been made are Eternity, and the things which shall be made are Everlastingness, and that Eternity is the Day, and Everlastingness the Night.” p115

-Nibley teaches that Nephthys and Isis are emblems of spirit and truth. p115

-“The two exceedingly great urea are upon the head of the god. Their names are Millions of Years and Traverser of Millions of Years and Begetter of Millions of Years. They are the two shining spirits. p115

-These also represent nursing nursing mothers who together embrace the king says Nibley. p115

-They posess magical powers and Urt-Hekau (mighty one of words of power). p115

-they also symbolize two Maat (truth) goddesses. Nephthys a name expressly signifying the “end of anything.” Isis symbolized birth, growth, development, and giver, Mephpthys was a “type of decay death diminution and immobility.” Isis represented the part of the world that is visible, while Nephthys represents that which is invisible. Some call Isis day and Nephthys night. They represent things that are and things that will be. p115

-They are called “the guardians who give judgement”. p116

-“Nephthys…although a goddess of death, she was associated with the coming into existence of the life that springs from death.”

-Nephthys and Isis “assisted at the resurrection of Osiris”. “In all ages, they together aided the deceased to rise to the new life by means of the words which they chanted over his bier.” p116

-Isis says, “I have granted that thou mightiest be as a god”. “I am that which is[,] has been, and shall be, and no man has lifted my veil” p116

-They are the two pylons at the entrance of every temple (Nibley, The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri, 116) p116

-They are the two truths in the Hall of the Judgement of Osiris. p116-117

-Isis is the wife of Osiris, and Nephthys is the wife of Set.

-They are also called Rekhtti goddesses. Tern rekh means to know, to be wise, to be acquainted with. p117

-“Osiris was said to be arrayed in apparel, which had been specially woven for him by the two Rekhti goddesses.” p117

-The names of Isis and Nephthys are written with the determinative of two eyes, and they are “one.” p117

-The dead say “I have gone up in Pe to the Souls of Pe, I am girt with the girdle of Horus, I am clad with the garment of Thoth, Isis is before me and Nephthys is behind me (*recal protection of Jehovah before and in front of his hosts), Wepwawet opens the way for me, Shu lifts me up, the Souls of On set up a stairway for me in order to reach Above, and Nut puts her hand on me just as she did for Osiris on the day when he died.” (*may suggest women’s role in resurrection etc.) p117

-Isis and Nephthys can represent the mind of God. They can represent the wings of a hen, as Jehovah has said he will gather the people as a hen her chickens if they would let him. They are perfectly represented in the two cherubims on the ark of the covenant. “he sitteth between the cherubims” (Psalm 99:1). p118

-“Cherub, in Hebrew signifies fulness of knowledge…God is supposed to sit on the mercy-seat whose face the angels in heaven always behold and upon whom their eyes are fixed to observe and receive his commands” p118-119

-The apes may suggest that they are creatures holding up their arms to the first light of day, the sunlight, after a cold desert night “as if worshiping the sun at it’s rising.” p119

-“The idea is that the king is to go to the temple and find the place where Isis (all eternity future) and Nephthys (all eternity past) are ‘playing’. The Egyptian word hab translated here as playing has the alternate meanings of combined, joined, united, or embraced.” p119

-Mirrors in the (LDS) temples suggest repetition of eternity as suggested above. This suggests that the couple sealed (married) at the temple alters may be together not only for eternity but through the eternities. p120.

-Joseph Smith knew more about these Facsimiles than was published. “the above translation is given as far as we have any right to give at the present time.” he said. (See Explanation page of these in The Pearl of Great Price.) p123

-More text around the Facsimile 2 reads “ “I am Djabty (God Osiris) in the House of the Benben (holy of holies) in Heliopolis (the heavenly Jerusalem), so exalted and glorious. I am a verily bull (sire or father) without equal. I am that mighty God in the House of Benben in Heliopolis…[Carry away, carry away, (in the) two arms upon his breast, being wrapped…the Book of Breathings, being written according to what is] his words, that Mighty God in Heliopolis.” p123

-The Book of Breathings had the same general purpose as the hypocephalus (the Facs. 2), and had the key words in it. They contained things as they really are (truths). It was to be secret, and held close to the heart in wrapped arms. Such is where Joseph Smith found the Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham.

-God knows the stars by name “he calleth them by their names” (Psalm 147:4). p124

-When God calls the heavens, they stand up together, “mine right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together” (Isaiah 48:13)

-(*For more on stars and the Facsimiles, see Pearl of Great Price, or “The Kolob Theorem”)

-The upper regions of the Facs. 2 represent the daytime (they have the heaven, resurrection, and garden of Eden in them represented). The lower regions represent the night (they include the part that represents the telestial kingdom, or this earth we now live on)

-Brigham Young said “the earth was framed…near the throne of our Father in heaven. And when man fell the earth fell into space, and took up its abode in this planetary system, and the sun became our light. When the Lord said, ‘Let there be light,’ there was light, for the earth was brought near the sun that it might reflect upon it so as to give us light by day, and the moon to give us light by night.” p126

-This is the order of the parts of Facs. 2 in order to hear the Plan of Salvation: 1 2 3 7 5 6 4. They are as follows in that order: Divine power center (Celestial), Creative Power (Creation), Garden of Eden (Terrestrial), The Earth where we live and die (Telestial), Resurrection (Terrestrial) which brings us back to Celestial. p126

-Temples often have the baptismal font in their center to represent the divine center. We pass through the gates of baptism to take the journey through eternity. Leaving the font, one enters the creation room. Here he views the creation of earth and all things on the face of it. The iniciate views Adam one who helped create the earth and Eve his wife, and they are instructed and make covenants with God before they are cast out of Eden. Facs. 2: Fig. 3 says that these are “revealed to Adam in the Garden of Eden” p127

-Alberta Temple floor plan has baptismal font in middle, creation room in east side where the sun rises, then the garden of Eden to the south, then the telestial kingdom to the west where the sun sets since it’s there that all things do die. Then the resurrection, aka the Terrestrial Kingdom, is in the north part of the temple. Then you go back to the center of the temple. p128-129

-The Facsimiles of the Book of Abraham are like getting a Liahona, as we like Lehi are astonished at them and learn how to interpret them (1 Nephi 16:10). p129

-Liahona in Hebrew means “to Jehovah is light” and suggests being lead by Jehovah. L means to; iah means Jehovah in abbreviated form; ona or on means light, and suggests the city of light. p130

Ch.5 Facs. 3:

-This is Abraham on the throne of Pharaoh in Egypt teaching the people the principals of astronomy, using such as a way to introduce them the the gospel. The people thought Abraham was Osiris since Pharaoh, whom they considered to be a god, let him sit on his throne. (see Explanation to Facs. 3 in The Pearl of Great Price).

-In one depiction of this in Egypt, there is a man is brilliant white approaching the throne.

– In another depiction of this same event, “Osiris sits enthroned in a sacred shrine flanked by two pillars with a wrapped cloth, symbolizing that the entrance into his presence is based on the principle of wrapping or enfolding or embracing”. p133

-In the image of the candidate coming to the throne of Osiris, is is shown that the candidate is reverencing all of the major gods, showing that he has obeyed the laws that these gods represent. He also has an offering table before him representing the sacrifices he has made for obedience. p133

-Osiris on the throne has truth behind him as we see by the person behind him, and truth in front of him as seen by the person in front of him. These persons represent truth in Egyptian. He is also wearing a crown of truth and speaking words of truth. There is also a lotus flower before him representing that he is the light (and that there is living water flowing out from underneath his throne see book of Zechariah) p133-4

-Osiris is wearing the Atef crown the holiest of crowns, representing the most spiritual of gods. “Osiris… is the leader of the gods…who commands the Great Council (in heaven)” (See Nibley here cited) p134

-The whip in his hand shows “power, bestirring all things to life and action.” (* we may infer reasoning for gods’ punishments here.)

-The Atef crown is in the shape of the sun, shining rays of light to the person who wears it. p135

-Joseph Smith found hieroglyphics with writings of Abraham as well as Joseph in Egypt. p136

-Joseph Smith taught that the 4 figures in the image show the four quarters of the earth, and that person on the throne represents Jesus Christ keeping Satan from devouring the four quarters of the earth. p137

-The Atef crown symbolizes Ra (the top God which represents Elohim), then the feathers on either side represent Atum (Adam) who helped in the creation, and Ptah, who represents Jehovah. p137-9

-Elder Mark E. Peterson of the Quorum of the Twelve said “Brigham Young taught that Adam, or Michael, assisted Deity in the creation of the world. He said, ‘ It is true that the earth was organized by three distinct characters, namely, Elohim, Yahovah, and Michael, these three forming a quorum‘ Then he distinguished these three from the Holy Trinity, as he spoke in the same paragraph defining ‘the Deity, as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.” (Journal of Discourses, 1:51)

–Joseph Smith called Michael Jehovah and Elohim the in Heaven, but he called the Elohim Jehovah and The Holy Ghost the Grand Council of Heaven. p139

-In the Coffin texts Osiris (Ptah) says “So says Osiris. You shall see me in my great Atef-crowns which Ra gave to me and which Atum…made firm for me.” p139

-Abraham “began his teaching, ‘Blessed be God who created the sun, the moon, and the planets’” (see Nibley referenced here). p140

-Abraham and Pharoh were rivals, but seeing that Abraham could not be slain as he was set free from the alter of sacrifice by the angel of the Lord (Abraham 1:7, 12, 15, 20), the people thought that he was a god with power over death. The only god with power over death to them was Osiris! Abraham was allowed to sit on the throne of Pharaoh and teach the people. The people considered the Pharaoh to be a god, and that what he said was flawless. Letting Abraham sit on that throne and teach the people says a lot about what they thought of him. The Pharaoh was announcing to the people by this act that Abraham’s words were true. (*This shows that Abraham was sent to the Egyptians the same reason as every prophet, to bear witness of The Redeemer, The Resurrection, of Jesus Christ!) p141-142

-In Facs. 3, there is a black person, who was a slave, and there was a one of the king’s waiters. This shows that the gospel is for everyone. p144

-The pharaoh was the greatest ruling power in the whole world, and from his throne were the words of truth going forth by Abraham. Notice the stars above the heads of the people, suggesting the divinity of this event. p144

-Abraham’s story in Egypt was preserved by these facsimiles, and they were put inside coffins, etc. p145

-The Lotus flower, which follows the light across the sky, is open towards the man on the throne. p145

-” 13 And the Lord God hath sent his holy prophets among all the children of men, to declare these things to every kindred, nation, and tongue, that thereby whosoever should believe that Christ should come, the same might receive remission of their sins, and rejoice with exceedingly great joy, even as though he had already come among them.” (Mosiah 3:13 The Book of Mormon) p146

-” 17 Yea, and behold, Abraham saw of his (Jesus Christ’s) coming, and was filled with gladness and did rejoice.

18 Yea, and behold I say unto you, that Abraham not only knew of these things, but there were many before the days of Abraham who were called by the order of God; yea, even after the order of his Son; and this that it should be shown unto the people, a great many thousand years before his coming, that even redemption should come unto them.” (Helaman 8:17-18)


-The need for sacrifice: see 3 Ne.9:20; D&C 132:50; D&C 97:8

-The gift of seeing: see D&C 76:12; D&C 136:32; 2 Ne. 32:5; D&C 88:67

-The Promise of Kingship: see D&C 59:2; 1 Peter 5:4; D&C 81:6; D&C 78:15; D&C 121:46; Rev. 3:21 (Who overcomes sits with Christ on his throne as he sits with his Father on his throne).

-Abraham “shows that if a man would attain to the keys of the kingdom of an endless life; he must sacrifice all things” (Joseph Smith: Teachings, 322)

-“And the Lord said unto me: Now, Abraham…behold thine eyes see it; it is given unto thee to know.” (Abraham 3:6)

-“Abraham…as Isaac also and Jacob did none other things than that which they were commanded; and because they did none other things than that which they were commanded, they have entered into their exaltation, according to the promises, and sit upon thrones, and are not angels but are gods.” (D&C 132:37). See also D&C 132:49.

-“Go ye, therefore, and do the works of Abraham; enter ye into my law and ye shall be saved.” (D&C 132:32)

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