Nutrition

 

Notes on Discovering the Word of Wisdom by Jane Birch. 2

Notes on WFPB Lectures by Neal Bernard. 12

Notes on WFPB Lectures by Joel Fuhrman. 13

Nate’s Fitness Group on Facebook. 14

Modern Prophets Warn of Doctor Craft. 14

Notes on Documentary the Science and Skepticism behind the Vaccine War. 18

Notes on Vaccine Lecture by Jack Stockwell 19

Cherokee Herbal & The Modern Witch Hunt for Naturopathic Medicine. 20

The God’s of Health. 24

Time for Health Analogy. 27

Eliminating Health Excuses. 28

Prophets Speak on the Need for Physical Exercise. 29

Psychotropic Drugs VS Exercise. 32

Cease to Sleep Longer Than is Needful 33

Sleep hours: What to Expect. 34

Wisdom on Sleep from Prophets & Sages. 37

Notes on Brain Food for Health Memory and Mood by Valerie Hall 42

Thyroid & Hashimoto Disease. 46

Notes on the Forks Over Knives Documentary. 47

Acquiring a Taste for Zion Culture. 49

Latter-day Saints Against Meat – editing. 49

Animal Proteins: Not Ideal 95

Atkins/Keto as Toxic Fad Diets. 96

Calorie Counting. 96

Staple Quick Vegan: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary. 99

Stay Awake Vegan Foods. 100

Dallin Whitney’s Secret to Success Smoothie. 100

Perhaps Medical, Never Recreational Caffeine. 101

Notes on CPR Training by the AHA.. 102

Nutrition Appendix A: Jane Birch Dental Health WFPB resources. 102

Nutrition Appendix B: Lies & Medical Science by David Freedman. 103

 

 

Notes on Discovering the Word of Wisdom by Jane Birch

 

 

Surprising insights from a whole food, plant-based perspective

 

Like usual, these my notes are much more simplified than the text, and I suggest a reading of the text for evidence & sources of statements written here. For more detailed analysis of WFPB, look at books and lectures by Joel Fuhrman and Neal Bernard, just to name a few.

Broad application of these topics into other topics: could apply to music, the idea of what to focus on and what to eliminate and what to use only sparingly when needed.

Can also apply to finance, avoiding debt, cutting out borrowing.

 

Where become certified WFPB? Pg. 47

Suggested books from the text: appendix 7; also…Collin Campbell’s Whole ;Pg. 30 more  Pg. 47 Pg. 52 Pg. 56 Pg. 58 Pg. 65 Pg. 89 Pg. 154

 

Chapter 1: Awakening to the word of wisdom

 

-Dr. Grupa speaks of WFPB as heart attack proof diet; eliminates possibility

-Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn reversed all his patient’s CAD by WFPB

-taste buds will change

-no calorie counting so never go hungry

-this is hidden in plain view, but many ignore it

-8 days in you’ll enjoy it

-WFPB dramatically drops LDL and total cholesterol levels by 30% or more (which is how much a Statin drug would, perhaps even more)

-WFPB relieves knee issues and mental issues

-70% of what we believe to be regular aging is actually optional; some unhealthy elderly or late adults say ‘you just wait your turn is coming!’ but it doesn’t have to, not like that.

-see forks over knives documentary

 

Chapter 2 The Flesh of Beasts

 

-D&C, our most current revelation on health, says use meat in winter or famine to save your lives; we don’t have those right now

-plants can, unlike animals, synthesize organic materials from minerals air sunlight, thus they are the true source of nutrients (for example, cow doesn’t make dairy, it eats it and when we drink milk we get it second hand)

-more than enough (over 10% of calories) protein in WFPB

-D&C says plants for ‘nature and constitution of man’; they should be the core

-use meat as a backup source not a primary; disadvantages of meat (which don’t apply to plants) include too much cholesterol, too much protein, too much fat, wrong type of fat, too few essential nutrients, too much of some nutrients, no phytochemicals, no fiber, too many hormones & antibiotics, give to animals to get them fat and keep them from getting sick), too many pollutants, microbes, pesticides, herbicides

-protein like oxygen is abundant in nature, not something to worry about

-China Study showed cancer in rats from animal protein, but vegetable protein didn’t lead to cancer.

-in whole foods, we get the advantage of amino acids producing precise combinations needed; this doesn’t happen if you oil everything.

-don’t gamble your health by betting on some fad diet being better than the D&C

-report: in 6 wks. of this gone from cholesterol 238 to 164 or 201 to 138 etc. and lost 15 pounds.

-calorie for calorie broccoli has more protein than a stake

 

Chapter 3 Wholesome herbs and every fruit

 

-whole foods have many phytochemicals like alkaloids carotenoids flavonoids isoflavones organosulfides  phenolic acids phytosterols saponins etc. even many not yet discovered;

-phytochemicals in a whole food work together in a symbiotic way;

-nutrition is a young science, we are just scratching the surface; we can’t really improve on god’s creation by our supplements, just eat the food as found in nature

-D&C says to eat wholesome plants; that also suggests seeking a whole form not an oil form or refined or other ways

-real food is alive and should eventually die; preservatives thus aren’t good, and sap much nutrient; D&C also speaks of using food ‘in the season thereof’

-modern foods are too concentrated; same with cocaine, the leaves aren’t addictive, it’s the concentration it’s sold in. eat naturally and you can avoid addictions common in the standard American diet

-President Packer speaks of many things not specifically listed in the word of wisdom which are harmful

-refined plant oils have way more calories than the whole food version; i.e. 1 cup sweet corn is 130 cal. and 10% fat; but 2 tbsp of corn oil is 250 cal. and 100% fat

-adding vegetable oil to a plant-based diet just adds unneeded calories

-eating good fats (monounsaturated, like olive oil) leads to less cholesterol than bad fats, but both lead to CAD

-some things resolved by WFPB eating: UTI, acne, eczema, PMS, emotional issues, Raynaud’s, blood sugar imbalances, arthritis, less hypoadrenalism symptoms, restore color in cheeks, decrease pain and weight and happiness, less allergens and asthma

 

 

Chapter 4 All grain is good

 

-‘staff of life’ as it says in D&C means ‘staple food for life’; we’re in an upside-down society that says eat lots of meat and little carbs, esp. little wheat. Wheat is endorsed by God and it’s the first thing many attack.

-some are glucose intolerant but human history shows that’s the exception not the rule

-6 foods sustained life historically: barley, corn, millet, potatoes, rice, wheat, getting a bulk of calories from starch

-eating starches (corn, potatoes, etc.) helps us not take all day to get enough calories like it does for grazing cattle etc.

-paleolithic people actually got most their calories from carbs, their ancestors were nearly vegetarian; societies living on mainly animal foods are historically scarce and exceptions not the norm

-in China (before McDonalds/American diet came there) they were the healthiest people and they ate mostly rice and noodles and veggies and they lived longest

-the word of wisdom was given for our day when disease is mostly from food intake; back in Joseph Smith’s time most disease was communicable (spread from person to person, lack of hygiene/sterility, etc.), but the word of wisdom was focused on helping us in our day when food choices are so vast

-the way we eat and feed our children is equivalent to how people used to mingle with others who had bubonic plague or typhoid fever

-chronic diseases today are preventable, yet 1.7 million die from them annually

-genes may load the gun, but behavior pulls the trigger

-noncommunicable diseases (ones that can be prevented by diet) are leading factor of death now everywhere but Africa (Africa is closely following suit however)

-when we eat more calorically dense meat, we eat less of other stuff, i.e. stuff with nutrients like grain

-food selection choices are highest today, more so than ever. Thus the word of wisdom is key for our time

-90% of turkey has disease causing organisms, which are resistant to antibiotics

-many antibiotics are becoming ineffective for humans because they’re used so much on animals. We should instead focus on keeping these vital for when we need them and not waste them on animals. We get resistant when it’s introduced to animal or human, so shift the focus away from animal eating; 23,000 die per year from antibiotic resistant infections, more so than die from HIV/AIDs.

-even being 10 pounds overweight makes you functionally much weaker, you can’t be middle ground on this

-WFPB can help swelling and joint issues

 

 

Chapter 5 what about dairy and eggs

 

-dairy is like liquid meat and isn’t the source of any nutrients. It has too much protein, fat, cholesterol, calories, hormones, bacteria, and pollutants, even if it’s from ‘happy cows’, it has pus in it too; that protein is highly carcinogenic

-billions of people around the world are healthy without consuming any dairy.

-US has lots of milk but a very high rate of osteoporosis; get calcium from plants, the original source with highest absorption potential

-dairy can neutralize needed acidity, so nutrients come out of our bones to restore it, thus we have weaker bones when we use dairy

-adult mammals in the wild don’t consume dairy; we don’t need nutrients that baby chicks need, so don’t eat eggs; we have different needs than a baby cow so don’t drink cow milk

-Pres. Hinckley said don’t justify eating bad stuff just because it isn’t specified in the word of wisdom

-WFPB helps fertility; brings energy you had 30 years ago

 

Chapter 6 science and the word of wisdom

 

-science is slowly catching up to the word of wisdom revelation

-many Christian traditions have promoted a vegan diet, especially 7th Day Adventists. 35% of 7th Day Adventists are vegetarian; Hugh Nibley says they have always been better than us at living the word of wisdom. They feel God has revealed the health code, and they are outspoken about sharing it as a religious duty. We should feel the same. John Westley promoted vegetarianism. Islam Buddhism and other world religions have long promoted elimination of animal products in diet. Joseph Smith taught the need to obey God before being blessed; some things in word of wisdom are contrary to modern fads and you need to take a leap of faith; however, most of this has been around for millennia.

-we have more science now but unhealthy people; knowledge doesn’t equal wisdom

-we always interpret the world of wisdom through contemporary science; for example, scientist and Apostle John Widtsoe spoke of using meat very sparingly, and even suggested eliminating animal products from the diet. He spoke of the need to heed the positives as much as the negatives in the word of wisdom, the do’s not just the don’ts. He says church members aren’t living up to this. He speaks of how vegetarians have often excelled in sports, and how meat proteins are more expensive and wasteful, and how all we need is found in vegetarianism.

-in the Korean war, the autopsies showed the Koreans were healthy, the American’s (eating lots of meat) were all predisposed for atherosclerosis

-get 10% calories from fat, 10 from protein, 80 from complex carbs

– avoid irreversible diabetes related nerve damage by catching your health early on as possible; but yes you can reverse diabetes with this and many have

 

 

Chapter 7 Common objections

 

-it takes money to promote a message and drug companies and dairy companies don’t earn money by promoting WFPB, that’s why you aren’t taught this as much in schools, TV, etc.; food executives call marketing unprocessed food ‘a fools game’; the D&C warns us of conspiring people, this certainly applies to food companies today who will do whatever they can to get money, intentionally making foods in addictive combinations (‘secret combinations’ haha!)

-we ignore healthy food when unhealthy is present; a rat will die of starvation when offered both food and cocaine regularly

-fake food leads to loss of regular self-control; we don’t have to have these overpowering cravings if we detoxify our bodies; we eat unnaturally rich foods; as mentioned earlier, your taste buds will adapt to what you give them within a short period of time; junk food leads to a loss of the ability in our biological feedback systems (with leptin etc.) to tell when we are full

-here are some myths: 1. We need meat for adequate protein. 2. Eggs are an ideal protein. 3. Milk is good for our bones. 4. Carbs are dangerous. 5. We need more ‘healthy fats’ in our diet. 6. Olive oil, fish oil, coconut oil are ‘health foods’. 7. It can’t be wrong if everyone is doing it. 8. If something is labeled ‘natural’ it is good for you. 9. Junk food is fun, popular, and will make you happy. 10. Eating whatever foods you find delicious is part of living the good life. 11. Serving people rich, scrumptious foods shows you love them

-what of scientists who disagree with WFPB? The bulk of scientific evidence truly points in this direction; many who follow the USDA still have heart disease, diabetes, stroke, etc., and they blame it on factors like genetics, lack of exercise, or the environment, when really their diet is whack; even if they know of a healthier diet they don’t promote it because they think people are too weak to successfully do it (*note: promote the best, not just what you think people can handle! This is how they rise; humanity thrives on being challenged to become great, not on invitations to be mediocre.)

-many fad diets look like they’re working because they’re often better than the Standard American Diet (SAD), but that doesn’t mean they are the optimal diet (*Atkins/keto particularly leads to heart disease). And even a placebo can have real profound psychological effects resulting in physical changes (psychobiological effects)

– green smoothies aren’t as good as whole foods, less fiber etc.; (fiber tells you you’re full); we also can’t neglect starches or we’ll have not enough energy; supplements lack many phytochemicals found in whole foods; the apple has thousands of antioxidants impacting thousands of metabolic reactions, we can’t even calculate what’s going on, almost every chemical effects another chemical, an almost infinite number of biological consequences when we take things and change them from their natural state. Did they have a Vitamix 200 years ago? No, yet they were healthy. We can’t just go off of active ingredients, we are still learning about the complexity of anatomy and nutrition science

-when you stop eating bad stuff, at first you feel bad. Don’t let that trick you. It’s the same with stopping smoking or cocaine.

-the word of wisdom does not encourage us to “just eat right for your type”. among WFPB there is an extremely broad variety (*prophets have said regarding music which can be applied to nutrition: there is so much good, you don’t need to waste your time with the bad). Find a diet that works for you within the broad scope of WFPB.

-WFPB is the only diet clinically proven to eliminate heart disease; what’s more radical: the diet that causes many chronic illnesses, or the one that eliminates them? “moderation in all things” is not a scriptural statement. WFPB is the way the vast majority of humans have eaten in recorded history. The standard American diet is the real radical diet.

-many good latter-day saints ignore the positive aspects of the word of wisdom; this hurts relationships, dulls spiritual sensitivity, etc.

(*perhaps the Savior would say to them to live these principles when they ask, ‘what lack I yet?’. Will they like the young man go away sorrowing, now willing to consecrate what the Lord asks?)

(*it can also lead to hormonal imbalance, contributing to same sex attraction; think of all the estrogen in dairy products which men consume (the milk producing cows are pregnant after all)! Perhaps we have discovered one of the mysteries as to why boys from good religious homes can develop same sex attraction.)

-most Americans only eat 7% fruit and vegetable; we get 51% of food in a processed form. WFPB eliminates virtually all of the top ten sources of calories in the American diet (as identified by USDA): soda pop, cake and pastries, hamburgers, pizza, potato chips, white rice, white bread, cheese, beer, & french fries.

-D&C says the word of wisdom is adapted to the weakest of saints, so we know this can be done. Many people give things up, as seen in converts giving up tea coffee alcohol etc. (which they thought would be impossible) to be baptized (*then the Holy Ghost helps them even more after baptism). Similarly, we can give up meat, dairy, processed foods, etc. (*will this not bring an increase of the Holy Ghost, and thus more power to make good choices? Will it not make sin less appealing?). Many are so excited about the new life ahead that they don’t even experience withdrawals. Does a butterfly miss being a caterpillar?

(*chose to eat WFPB, and be firm in your resolve; then you don’t have to waste time debating the weaker side of your character and devils, which are very good debaters)

-what is harder, to give up certain foods, or to live with chronic illness?

-the ability to savor subtle delights of whole foods may take some time as your palate needs to adjust; eating real food is delicious and sustainable

-the church with it’s lines on what you can’t have has spared us from many illnesses, but we have yet to access the full blessings from fully heeding D&C 89.

 

Chapter 8 stewards of our bodies, the earth, and its creatures

 

-D&C 49:20-21 “it is not given that one man should possess that which is above another, wherefore the world lieth in sin. And wo be unto man that sheddeth blood or that wasteth flesh and hath no need.”

-in the bible, the eating of animals is only introduced after the flood which destroyed the vegetation on earth!

-Genesis 9:9 Joseph Smith Translation “and surely, blood shall not be shed, only for meat, to save your lives; and the blood of every beast will I require at your hands.”

-meat may be ordained for our use, but not for our abuse

-Hugh Nibley suggests using meat ‘sparingly’ means spare the animals. He says the needy family in winter has right to using animals, but those who don’t need it have no right to them. He also says that “God will justify the taking of animal life to sustain man’s want, but he reserves a special blessing for those who place their nobility before their necessity” (source in text)

-how can animals find joy in filling the measure of their creation if we treat them so badly (the factories etc.)?

-using animal meats results in use of much more water than farming; it also creates more greenhouse gasses than all transportation; we could much more easily give up dairy than give up transportation!

-livestock industry leads in deforestation and reduction of biodiversity, an anthropogenic user of land; they make 130x more waste than humans, leading to widespread pollution of land and water

-the earth can produce enough for everyone’s need but not for everyone’s greed

-Brigham Young spoke of our savage nature going away as we use plants not animals for food (pg. 87)

-Joseph Smith had his fellow Zion’s Camp members not kill a snake among them, but encouraged them to become tame so the animals could follow suit (pg. 87) (remember full references to quotations etc. are in the text)

-George Q Cannon speaks of an increased spirit of God as we stop hurting animals, and peace then reigning on earth

-Heber C Kimball wrote of not hurting animals, but respecting that they too have life, the same as we do, and that the animals are doing their job, so should we do ours.

-Lorenzo Snow says the animals we kill unnecessarily may rise up someday and condemn us

-Joseph F. Smith said the love of nature is akin to the love of God

-more reports show WFPB can cure: bi-polar, sleep apnea, skin problems like boils and rashes, depression, panic attacks, reflux, eyesight, hearing, common sickness (rarely get sick), headaches, blood pressure, faster recovery when you do get sick, decreased anxiety

 

Chapter 9 Why doesn’t the church tell us these things

 

-D&C says it’s not by commandment or restraint

-Heber J Grant says some of the sweetest saints he knew disobeyed the word of wisdom

-some very noble people are yet not necessarily the healthiest

(*consider Thomas S Monson: a mighty prophet, but his biography shows they ate much meat growing up in his home, and later in life he was known for having a very bad case of diabetes; the Lord sustained and prolonged his health, but it was still a great hinderance to him, and perhaps shortened his life)

(*consider this positive example: George Albert Smith would bring a jar of wheat with him whenever he traveled; even eating in members’ homes, his escort would say ‘we are having stew for dinner, but President Smith is having wheat’. That’s amazing courage!)

-historically, it’s taken time for the word of wisdom to be understood in the church, and adapted into policy, culture, etc. We learn line upon line, as we are ready to receive it.

-Joseph Smith urged being merciful more than exacting when it came to this and other matters.

-Heber J Grant tried preaching the word of wisdom and few listened; after a sermon on it members giving him dinner had the nerve to offer him tea and coffee. Grant showed the saints that they were spending more money on tea and coffee than they were on tithes. Grant says he was called a crank for his views on the word of wisdom, but said that he therefore expected to go on being a crank to the end.

-another problem with enforcing positive aspects of D&C 89 is how hard it is to measure compliance. With alcohol etc. it’s easy to say ‘are you or aren’t you using it’ etc.

-Joseph Smith said, “I have tried for a number of years to get the minds of the Saints prepared to receive the things of God; but we frequently see some of them, after suffering all they have for the work of God, will fly to pieces like glass as soon as anything comes that is contrary to their traditions: they cannot stand the fire at all.” (History of the Church 6:184-85)

-George Albert Smith said the Lord always wanted a people who would listen but couldn’t find it, he wanted to exalt them, but they wouldn’t have it

He goes on to say how the Lord could not “reveal to us a single principle farther than He had done” or “He would have upset the whole of us.”

-Perhaps the emphasis on not doing the wrong things (i.e. alcohol) is a step closer to doing the right things (plant-based eating).

-we aren’t that different from the early saints when it comes to resisting revelations in the word of wisdom

-perhaps other items are far more important (such as getting us to be baptized, keep the sabbath, pray, not commit adultery, be honest, have charity, etc.), and we must focus on the most key items needed for salvation; (*it seems we have not graduation from the early grades, we aren’t, as a people, taking on the higher grades yet)

-D&C says we shouldn’t be commanded in all things

-often the gap between what we believe we should do and what we do is enormous

-statistics show Utah saints are fatter than non-Utah saints. Fatter-day Saints.

-why settle for only moderate obedience and thus only moderate blessings?

-Lorenzo Snow said the day of introducing to the saints that they should not shed animal blood and should refrain from eating meet was near at hand

-Ezra Taft Benson said we are digging an early grave with our teeth, and we need a generation of Daniel-like people who refuse the kings meat, and whose countenances show it

-Gordon  B Hinckley says he wishes we would live the word of wisdom more fully, and that we would be blessed if we would try to

-instead of asking ‘why haven’t church leaders spoken more of this?’ we would do well to ask, ‘why haven’t I listened to them more closely?’ as they’ve already encouraged this

-Heber J Grant ate very little meat, and he was known for working long hours without fatigue

-George Albert Smith ate no meat except for a small amount during winters; his meals are simple and nourishing (remember the jar of wheat story).

-Joseph Fielding Smith’s wife Jessie Evans said he doesn’t eat meat, and they eat lots of fruits and vegetables

-Ezra Taft Benson was sparing in his use of meat and generous in his use of fresh vegetables and grains

-as you see, many church leaders aren’t waiting for some official message to act on the council of D&C 89.

-in as little as 2 weeks of cutting animal products headaches can go away, menstrual pain becomes lessened, and the body manages its own weight (gains if it needs to gain, loses if it needs to lose)

 

Chapter 10 the promised blessings

 

-Harold B Lee said if we will be like Daniel and refuse the kings meat we will be protected when death comes to every household that doesn’t keep the commands of God

-D&C 45:31 speaks of an overflowing scourge to come where “desolating sickness shall cover the land”  and “pestilences of every kind” perhaps it’s a super bug from complete resistance to antibiotics

-George Q Cannon says that when pestilence comes, many who are now careless about the word of wisdom will likely reform and pay attention to the councils; he says we as a people are promised greater safety than other people, but that is predicated upon our obedience, and we shouldn’t expect the blessing without obedience.

-President Boyd K Packer taught “the word of wisdom is a key to individual revelation”

-for observant Jews, their dietary laws are, a Jewish author puts it, “a daily commitment in action to one’s faith, a formal choice, a quiet self-discipline”

-it’s ok to be different and separate from society, God’s people have always been called to do that; food is a great vehicle to remind us (and others) that we are a separate people

-some suffering in this life is our own fault because of not heeding these things

-apparently D&C 89 is an ‘adapted version’ for the weak and weakest of saints; perhaps a more full version is to come, and with it, more blessings; why not seek these?

-this is the secret to weight loss everyone is looking for

-WFPB can cure cancers and other heart (and brain) diseases; imagine a family home evening where you have to tell your kids you have cancer and you won’t be with them much longer. Is this not motivation enough to bring you to WFPB?

-Gandhi says those who can are vegetarian just for helping a health issue fall back, and to stay vegetarian, you need a moral basis.

(more guidelines in appendixes)

 

*Note: Here are 2 small lists I made: one of things to add, and another of things to cut, perhaps in descending order, but doing cutting and adding at the same time:

Add: fruits, veggies, whole grain, nutrient knowledge, whole food snacks & meal prep, light exercise, rigorous exercise (perhaps not needed), naps, sleep, short fasting, long fasting, write a cook book, teach others.

Cut: soda, meat, dairy, pastries, white breads/white rice, oils, bad sauces, bad candy, bad juice, exceptions (days/meals off), feeding non WFPB to others, character: stop ingratitude, entitlement, resentment, jealousy, selfishness.

 

Notes on WFPB Lectures by Neal Bernard

 

 

 

-pcrm.org/news/blog

-pcrm.org/news/health-nutrition

-pcrm.org/news/good-science-digest

-pcrm.org/news/good-medicine Quarterly Magazine

-pcrm.org/news/ethical-science-news

-pcrm.org/podcast The Exam Room Podcast

-pcrm.org/news/news-releases

 

 

-10 rule: ideal weight, x 10, is least amount calories needed.

-the parent bond milk opiate theory, and why to not have milk as adults

-taste buds have basically a thermostat based on what you’ve had previously; you’ll adapt as you get a few weeks into it

-metabolism goes up 16% when plant-based diet, likely because toxins aren’t decreasing your normal metabolism anymore

-before McDonalds, Japanese ate tons of rice and noodles, and they were the healthiest people living the longest.

-the top craving is pizza because of the cheese

-diabetes isn’t a one-way street it can be cured by the plant-based diet; this isn’t rare, but the longer you have it the harder to kick; the fats blocking the insulin receptors go away; Type 1 diabetes he recommends the same diet as type 2, though you’ll need to continue insulin on type 1 as you don’t make insulin.

-it’s not uncommon for people to lose 60 pounds in a year on a plant-based diet, or 130 in 2 years.

-erectile dysfunction isn’t performance anxiety, it’s a lack of blood flow; atherosclerosis happens in the arteries all over the body

-see book ‘foods that fight pain’ 1988 Neal Bernard including arthritis (the dairy is the most common thing to attack the synovial linings around the joints), menstrual pain, migraines, etc. treated with plant-based diet

-don’t count calories, just improve food quantity, we need at least 10 times our ideal weight in calories per day; less than that and we will binge later. You can have more than that.

-incorrect diets lead to failure and loss of self esteem

-a study showed that those with diabetes had double the risk of Alzheimer’s as those without diabetes

-the number one source of saturated fat is dairy products. second is meat. Whatever is bad for the heart is bad for the brain.

-46g for women 56g for men protein daily says the government; if you ate 2000 calories in broccoli per day you’d get 146 grams of pure protein; just lentils, 157g; all essential amino acids and enough protein you get when you eat plant based; so forget protein, it’s a non-issue

-calcium isn’t from a cow, it’s an element, it’s in the ground, it’s from the grass the cow eats; drink milk and get 30 % of that; cut the middle man and eat plants, absorb it in bigger fraction

-vit B12 for healthy nerves and blood, it is made by not plants or animals, but by bacteria. Soil on plants might give this but we clean the foods too well for that now. Meat eaters get some B12 from bacteria in intestine of the animal, but to absorb the B12 you need intrinsic factor and stomach acid, people over 50 don’t make that well, especially those on acid blockers or metformin; you must supplement B12 if on a vegan diet

-cats want to kill birds and rabbits and eat them; humans see them and don’t; we are herbivories. Our sharp teeth are no longer than our other teeth, unlike a cat etc. Carnivores have big ears and powerful noses to track prey; Humans have color vision to recognize colorful fruits, so we get antioxidants; the stone age gave us axes etc. so we can eat like a carnivore by hunting, but we have pre-stone age coronary arteries, we aren’t carnivores.

-Culture has much more to do with behavior than logic; ignore-phins and don’t-do-it-ary gland kick in when we teach them a plant-based diet because of their culture

-step 1: 7 days; step 2: 3 weeks with no exceptions; by then you’ll be physically changed, and your taste buds will change

 

 

 

 

Notes on WFPB Lectures by Joel Fuhrman

 

 

 

 

The whiter the bread the sooner you’re dead. The greener the leaner.

Only eat when hungry.

Allow yourself to enter catabolic digestion rather than eating constantly. A nontoxic body won’t crave constant eating.

Al-Qaede made the standard American diet. Also call it the DAD the deadly American diet.

Donuts should be illegal like cocaine,  you should only be able to buy them in the underground black-market, from shady figures on the streets, there should be drug wars over them, etc., they are addictive!

When it comes to being nutritive,  in a 5-mile race, green vegetables win by 4 miles.

White rice white flour these processed unnatural foods they lead to cancer.

Discomfort isn’t necessarily hunger. It can often be your body trying to come away.

Eating chips and fries makes squirrels fat, us too.

Avoid white foods, like cocaine, cigarettes, and white donuts, white flour.

Oils go straight from lips to hips.

Whole foods take longer to digest, so they’re aren’t just stored as fat.

After eating beans a while, your stomach adapts, and you don’t have gas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nate’s Fitness Group on Facebook

This is a Facebook group I manage where we share health tips and how we are doing with fitness, etc.

Find the group at this link https://www.facebook.com/groups/1038988039609914/

There you can ask to join the group if you like us need more motivation to be fit, and would be helped by having a support group.

 

Modern Prophets Warn of Doctor Craft

Many selections here found from a larger text: http://ogdenkraut.com/?page_id=112 has a larger article addressing 4 crafts (doctorcraft, lawyercraft, priestcraft, kingcraft), though here I’ve selected some favorite quotes on doctorcraft.

 

 

 

We use doctors in the Church, and believe in using faith and medicine as Elder Nelson and Elder Oaks and Elder Holland have recently taught. But this is to supplement your understanding, so you are aware that there are conspiring men in this field, and not to always trust them 100% on everything as seems to be the current trend.

-“When God spoke from heaven to Joseph Smith, the people were bound down by priestcraft, doctorcraft, kingcraft, and lawyercraft, the four grand crafts that uphold Satan’s kingdom.”(Brigham Young Deseret News, July 12, 1863)

-“The devil has sent his emissaries among us, some of whom come in the form of lawyers, doctors and ministers, and others as saloon keepers and gamblers, and [10] as “gentlemen” whose politeness and affability are peculiarly striking. Their special mission seems to be directed to the young of both sexes, to decoy and lead them astray. (Brigham Young JD 18:233)

-“Then you may take the class called merchants, also the doctors, the priests in the various sects, the lawyers, and every person engaged in any branch of business throughout the world, and, as a general thing, they are all taught from their childhood to be more or less dishonest.” (Brigham Young JD 6:72)

-“Some of the company thought I was not a very meek Prophet; so I told them: “I am meek and lowly in heart,” and will personify Jesus for a moment, to illustrate the principle, and cried out with a loud voice, “Woe unto you, ye doctors; woe unto you, ye lawyers; woe unto you, ye scribes, Pharisees, and hypocrites!” etc. But you cannot find the place where I ever went that I found fault with their food, their [11] drink, their house, their lodgings; no, never; and this is what is meant by the meekness and lowliness of Jesus.” (Joseph Smith DHC 5:218)

-“As to the doctors who are in our midst, who are our enemies, I say let them alone, for I have no doubt but that three to one who have died in this place had a doctor. * * * Do [20] cease to employ doctors, lawyers, and merchants who will empty your purses. * * * As to the doctors, let them go. I can prove that a doctor in this place doctored a woman that was in the family way, and did not know it until she was delivered, and both woman and child died, and if you will employ them, you will all die.” (Joseph Smith DHC 7:258-259)

-” All ye doctors who are fools, not well read, and do not understand the human constitution, stop your practice. And all ye lawyers who have no business, only as you hatch it up, would to God you would go to work or run away!” (Joseph Smith DHC 6:59)

-“Another thing: I want to speak about the lawyers of this city. I have good feelings towards them; nevertheless I will reprove the lawyers and doctors anyhow. Jesus did, and every prophet has; and if I am a prophet, I shall do it: at any rate, I shall do it, for I profess to be a prophet.” (Joseph Smith DHC 6:238)

-“I am happy to say I have never been under the necessity of calling a doctor to my family for forty years. I have had them in my family, but not from necessity. I like them when they are gentlemen; when they are wise and full of intelligence, I am very fond of them; but I do not ask them to doctor my family in any case; and there are no circumstances under which I think them necessary except in case of a broken bone, or where skillful mechanical or surgical aid is necessary. But to call a doctor to my family to administer physic to them, I am not under the necessity of doing it. Is this so? Yes, it is; and if the experiment could be tried, independent of the Gospel and of faith, in any community, I care not where, nor for what length [21] of time, of having any number of persons, with regularly qualified physicians to attend them; and the same number without such physicians, but who will doctor themselves according to nature and their own judgments, among that portion without doctors, there would be less sickness and fewer deaths than among those who had their doctors. The experience of the Latter-day Saints in Utah confirms this. (Brigham Young JD 13:142)

-“Would you want doctors? Yes, to set bones. We should want a good surgeon for that, or to cut off a limb. But do you want doctors? For not much of anything else, let me tell you, only the traditions of the people lead them to think so; and here is a growing evil in our midst. It will be so in a little time that not a woman in all Israel will dare to have a baby unless she can have a doctor by her. * * *

Now the cry is, “Send for a doctor.” If you have a pain in the head, “Send for a doctor;” if your heel aches, “I want a doctor;” “my back aches, and I want a doctor.” The study and practice of anatomy and surgery are very good; they are mechanical, and are frequently needed. Do you not think it is necessary to give medicine sometimes? Yes, but I would rather have a wife of mine that knows what medicine to give me when I am sick, than all the professional doctors in the world. (Brigham Young JD 15:225)

-“When he [Jedediah Grant] was here, the devils had power over his flesh, he warred with them and fought them, and said that they were around him by millions, and he fought them until he overcame them. So it is with you and I. You never felt a pain and ache, or felt disagreeable, or uncomfortable in your bodies and minds, but what an evil spirit was present causing it. Do you realize that the [22] ague, the fever, the chills, the severe pain in the head, the pleurisy, or any pain in the system, from the crown of the head to the soles of the feet, is put there by the devil? You do not realize this, do you?

I say but little about this matter, because I do not want you to realize it. When you have the rheumatism, do you realize that the devil put that upon you? No, but you say, “I got wet, caught cold, and thereby got the rheumatism.” The spirits that afflict us and plant disease in our bodies, pain in the system, and finally death, have control over us so far as the flesh is concerned. But when the spirit is unlocked from the body, it is free from the power of death and Satan; and when that body comes up again, it also, with the spirit, will gain the victory over death, hell, and the grave. (Brigham Young JD 4:133)

-“As an individual, I am free to acknowledge that I should much prefer to die a natural death, to being helped out of the world by the most “intelligent graduate,” new or old school, that ever scientifically flourished the wand of Esculapius, or any of his followers.” (Brigham Young Mill. Star 14:215)

-“The doctors in this region [Nauvoo] don’t know much; and the lawyers, when I speak about them, begin to say, “We will denounce you on the stand.” But they don’t come up; and I take the liberty to say what I have a mind to about them. Doctors won’t tell you where to go to be well; they want to kill or cure you, to get your money.” (Joseph Smith DHC 5:357)

-” I want to say to all who profess to be saints, do not harbor blacklegs, counterfeiters and bogus-makers, wipe them away; it is time to carry out the design of our Prophet; do [24] cease to employ doctors, lawyers, and merchants who will empty your purses and then mob you.” (Brigham Young DHC 7:259)

-“But the great majority of men who have amassed great wealth have done it at the expense of their fellows, on the principle that the doctors, the lawyers and the merchants acquire theirs. Such men are impositions on the community, and they ought to be taken and put to some honorable labor such as raising potatoes, raising grain, cattle and sheep, and performing other useful and necessary labors for the good of mankind. Amen.” (Brigham Young JD 19:98)

-“Doctors and their medicines I regard as a deadly bane to any community. Give your children, when sick, a little simple herb drink; and if they have eaten too much, let them go without food until their stomachs are cleansed and purified, and have faith in the name of Jesus and in the ordinances of his Church, and they will live. That is my faith with regard to this thing. I am not very partial to doctors and lawyers. I can see no use for them unless it is to raise grain or go to mechanical work.” (Brigham Young JD 14:108)

-“I can see the faces of this congregation, but I do not see two alike; and if I could look into your nervous systems and behold the operations of disease, from the crowns of your heads to the soles of your feet, I should behold the same difference that I see in your physiognomy-there would be no two precisely alike. Doctors make experiments, and if they find a medicine that will have the desired effect on one person, they set it down that it is good for everybody, but it is not so, for upon the second person that medicine is administered to, seemingly with the same disease, it might produce death. If you do not know this, you have not had the experience that I have.” (Brigham Young JD 15:226-227)

-“Who is the real doctor? That man who knows by the spirit of revelation what ails an individual and by the same spirit knows what medicine to administer. That is the real doctor, the others are quacks.” (Brigham Young, JD 15:226)

-“save the sick like a good physician, and not kill them by dosing down the medicine as do some of our doctors.” (Brigham Young, JD 9:125, 17 Feb. 1861)

-“You may go to some people here, and ask what ails them, and they answer, “I don’t know, but we feel a dreadful distress in the stomach and in the back; we feel all out of order, and we wish you to lay hands upon us.” “Have you used any remedies?” “No. We wish the Elders to lay hands upon us, and we have faith that we shall be healed.” That is very inconsistent according to my faith. If we are sick, and ask the Lord to heal us, and to do all for us that is necessary to be done, according to my understanding of the Gospel of salvation, I might as well ask the Lord to cause my wheat and corn to grow, without my plowing the ground and casting in the seed. It appears consistent to me to apply every remedy that comes within the range of my knowledge, and to ask my Father in heaven, in the name of Jesus Christ, to sanctify that application to the healing of my body” 21

-“If the people want to eat calomel,” he said, “let them do it and be damned. But don’t feed it to any of my family. If any doctor does and I know it I would kill him as quick as I would for feeding arsenic.” (Notes of Brigham Young’s medical lecture to the Board of Health in Great Salt Lake City, December 1851, Wilford Woodruff’s journal.)

-“”I will give $5000 dollars,” he said, “for the 16 part of an oz of poison that can be extracted out of all the lobelia in this valley.” (Brigham Young, Sermon, 16 June 1861, typescript, Church Archives, p.3)

-“But there is constitutions, and situations in life, wherein you may administer calomel to persons, and it will do them good when nothing else will. But is it good in every case? No. Not one in fifty thousand, but we will reduce that and say one to five thousand. It will produce death in five thousand where it will do good only to one person.” (Brigham Young, Sermon, 16 June 1861 p.3)

-Speaking of physicians “A worse set of ignoramuses do not walk the earth.” (Notes of Brigham Young’s medical lecture to the Board of Health in Great Salt Lake City, December 1851, Wilford Woodruff’s journal.)

-“I suppose there are physicians here laughing in their sleeves and thinking what a pity it is that brother Brigham was not a studied physician. A studied fool you mean—a learned fool. When you come to the real knowledge I know more than ye all and do not brag one particle. I could put all the real knowledge they possess in nut shell and put it in my vest pocket, and then I would have to hunt for it to find it.” (Brigham Young Sermon, Bowery, 16 Jan. 1861, pp. 7-8)

–If the Saints were to fully cultivate the gift of healing, “every doctor might be removed from our midst.” (Brigham Young JD 14:108, 8 Aug. 1869)

–“at Salt Lake they had no sickness till the doctors came. Then they, being too lazy to delve and hoe like others, made people ill, in order to get a living by doctoring them!” (Brigham Young; Harper’s Weekly, v. 13, 2 Oct. 1869)

-The doctors in this region don’t know much . . . and I take the liberty to say what I have a mind to about them. They won’t tell you where to go to be well; they want to kill or cure you to get your money. Calomel doctors will give you calomel to cure a sliver in your big toe, and they do not stop to know whether the stomach is empty or not; and calomel on an empty stomach will kill a patient. . . .” (Joseph Smith; Journal History, 13 April 1843)

-““People will seldom die of disease,” he explained, “provided we know it seasonably, and treat it mildly, patiently and perseveringly, and do not use harsh means.” ( Joseph Smith; Journal History, 19 April 1843)

-Speaking of the selfishness of one local doctor, Brigham Young said, “did not have quite sympathy enough to buy them a chicken or give them a shilling, though he was worth some four or five hundred thousand dollars.” (Watson, p. 53)

–George W. Hickman a doctor was told by Brigham Young “not to practice medicine because he [Young] wanted to teach the people faith and dependence upon God. . . . This was a stunning blow to a young man who had spent years in preparation for a profession suddenly to have his staff knocked from under him.” (From the journal of Josephine Hickman Finlayson, his daughter, in “Pioneer Medicines,” Heart Throbs of the West, 12 vols. (SLC; Daughter of the Utah Pioneers, 1939-1950, 7:210-11)

-“As to supporting a family by medical practice, we have physicians who find considerable employment, yet it is no uncommon thing to see them at work in the canyons getting out wood, plowing, sowing, or harvesting their crops, which, I think betokens a healthy state.” Brigham Young

-We want sister physicians that can officiate in any capacity that the gentlemen are called upon to officiate and unless they educate them- selves the gentlemen that are flocking in our midst will do it.” ( Eliza R Snow SLC (General or Cooperative) Retrenchemtn Association minutes, 1871-75, 13 Sept. 1873, LDS Church Archives)

-“Learn to take proper care of your children. If any of them are sick the cry now, instead of “Go and fetch the Elders to lay hands on my child!” is, “Run for a doctor.” Why do you not live so as to rebuke disease? It is your privilege to do so without sending for the Elders. You should go to work to study and see what you can do for the recovery of your children.” (Brigham Young JD 13:155, 14 Nov. 1869)

–“know their own systems, understand the diseases of their country, under- stand medicine and they ought to know enough to treat themselves and their neighbors in that way that they will live as long as it is possible for them to live.” (Brigham Young; Sermon, Bowery, 16 Jan. 1861, pp.3-4)

 

Notes on Documentary the Science and Skepticism behind the Vaccine War

by PBS and Frontline Journalism

-small pox, polio, diphtheria, etc. are gone from vaccines

-many parents don’t want autism risks from vaccines, they would rather have measles.

-within 6 years a child gets 36 inoculations

-they prevent 16 diseases by vaccines

-Heb B vaccine is an STD, and some say they don’t want such in a baby

-babies today get 4x the vaccines than in the 70’s

-there are reasons we get sick, getting sick is not a bad thing.

-some children don’t want to get sick from those without the vaccines

-National Vaccine Information Center is a current establishment

-Generation Rescue is a group by JB Handley currently on tens of thousands of cases of MMR triple shot and others becoming disabled, in ways like not looking at their parents after such, or never speaking again after such, etc.

-autism is a brain damage disease, we give more vaccines today, and this illness is increasing, the correlation is drawn.

-some say that children who get vaccines then autism is merely because that is the age autism generally develops

-mercury, ether, aluminum, formaldehyde, phosphate buffers, formalin, yeast protein, soy protein, bovine protein, thimerosal (mercury based), these are some of the ingredients of the vaccines.

-Robert Kennedy Jr. is one loud speaker against these.

-mercury is known to be a neurotoxicant, but not related to autism necessarily

-many studies in several nations show no link between MMR and autism

-thimerosal has mercury studies show no link with it and autism

-yet many cases show children go in to get vaccines, and leave regressing.

-some say 100,000’s of thousands are negatively affected from vaccines

-some say that the internet causes myths to not die which should die, others say the internet is showing more truth and allowing people to challenge the medical establishment.

-some say vaccines are private not public; that it’s like not taking a drug; but they there is the question of herd immunity. It’s said that the large drop in herd immunity is where the real issues come out.

-scientists say herd immunity matters like a wall around a community

-they say they still vaccinate against polio because some people with it are still alive. However they stopped giving smallpox vaccines because that is totally gone.

-some say people are taking control of their own health and don’t want to rely on a doctor. Physicians must get over the idea that they aren’t going to be obeyed all the time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes on Vaccine Lecture by Jack Stockwell

From a lecture at latterdayconservative.com

-this is from a lecture at latterdayconservative.com in the downloads section

-we need calcium in its raw form not in milk, but in plants or from something that ate a plant.

-health food stores have nothing to offer, they make you be vitamin deficient

-we need vitamin f

-he never gave his sons a vaccine, never a shot in his life, for 17 years he remembers only 3 days when he was sick. He is also quite all, taller than his dad, and a basketball player.

-this man is 65 but doesn’t look it

-the FDA buys out the things that work in the health food stores because they don’t want you to be exempt from needing to take their drugs.

-vitamin f isn’t in health food stores because it works; it’s only to be found in a Dr.’s office

-vaccines do the opposite of what needs to happen with our bodies

-there is no long-term research proving that vaccines work

-many of those Dr’s who push the vaccines have stock invested in them, owning patents on them.

-get raw whole milk; it’s sold at a place called Real Foods in Orem, St. George, and a few other places.

-eat fatty deep-sea fish

-email him at jackstockwell.com

-free audio from Jack at http://www.jackstockwell.com/download-free-health-mp3-s/

-mercury is in the vaccines very bad

-acid issues are from not having enough acid

-babies don’t develop anti-bodies until 12 months old (hence they don’t need vaccinations). An epidemiologist said they get moms to bring in babies to train them to bring them in for vaccines.

-they won’t do long term studies on vaccines for they have so much money invested in them.

-vaccines is a way they want to help the “overpopulation problem” in the world Bill Gates says.

-you must take thyroxin if you have no thyroid

-anti oxidants are an utter and total scam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherokee Herbal & The Modern Witch Hunt for Naturopathic Medicine

by Nate & Meg Richardson

 

Introduction

 

The way the Cherokee obtained and maintained their knowledge about health has become most fascinating to me. Our processes today are limited to empirical process, but the Cherokee remind us that there is more than one way to skin a cat.

The People of the Cherokee Share Wisdom of Health

The Cherokee people traditionally are very skeptical of what we call traditional or mainstream medicine. They feel like it is too governed by the government who has wronged them. The Cherokee nation wasn’t quite obliterated, but during the Trail of Tears it took a large blow when the government promised them things that it never gave them. While we want the Cherokee to be blessed by modern advances in medicine, we cannot neglect what they bring to the table of healthcare. The teenagers who are more integrated into western society don’t hold the belief of the medicine man. The medicine man replaces the modern physician. There are usually no medicine women. The medicine man carries a bag of a few specific herbs which he uses time and again on his patients.

Cherokee Health and The Family

Cherokee are very family oriented; they stay together with their families, and do ceremonies together, like tobacco ceremonies as a healing process. When the medicine man is sick, a close family member performs the ceremony. They give tobacco to the four winds and are return rewarded with power in the herb to heal. This offering is their giving to the earth because the earth gives to you. This offering also helps strengthen the plant, so that the plant can be strong to give more in the future. Cherokee tobacco is from various herbs, unlike the way we see it commonly today. Mullein or Lobelia was often included in their tobacco mix, these are strong anti-asthmatic, but Lobelia is in part like nicotine.

In a “spirit circle”, there can be about 40 people, and rocks to contribute to their circles of ceremony. These rocks are called medicine wheels; they have holes for north south east and west, wherein certain herbs fall.

The Shaman is a character among the Cherokee who represents man reaching back and forth between life and death, or what lies beyond. Death is not to be feared among the Cherokee. You make peace with death when death comes into you. They seek healing, but when it is time to die, they die well. They believe the Shaman can intercede by special balancing acts. Standing on knives or atop a roof dancing or some other extreme level of balance to not be injured shows that they intercede in the world of the secular and the world of Gaia, or the world of the living and the world of the dead. The Shaman show themselves to have access to a modern culture and a healing culture at the same time by these displays.

The plants which Gaia shared were companions, not servants. Garrett instructs, “Early use of plants evolved into listening to the stories told by many of the elders. They emphasized the values of plants as helpers, not as medicinal remedies for specific conditions of illness.” (Garrett, 2003, p. 26). To be a healer, you need to have had a vision, which can be from one of the plant spirits. These usually come in the form of Bear or Coyote or the plants appearing to you in the form of a person. These visions can happen in dreams. Angelica root would appear to you in the form of a beautiful young lady, and Burdock would appear in the form of a bear. The spirit plant guides taught the Cherokee of how to make use of their gifts, “Medicine was learned from the plant helpers for treating cuts, the stings and bites of insects, and for treating the upset stomachs of children and full bellies of the adults.” (Garrett, 2003, p. 21)

The ties Cherokee have with family and near community assist them in obtaining healthy lifestyles and healing independent of professionals in western medicine. This can be a weakness, but it can also be a strength in leu of the shortage in healthcare professionals today.

 

Cherokee Find Their Diet and Other Help from Gaia

 

The worship of Gaia (mother earth) brings with it a great respect for earth. Pagans were traditionally an earth centered religion also, referring to the mother earth and father sky, wherein one pays homage to the ground for producing the things to sustain you. They like the Cherokee held that when one treats the earth with respect, it treats you with respect back. This idea is being forgotten in modern society. The Cherokee diet is from the earth and isn’t processed like our food is today, and adherence to their diet would doubtless make many cancers and diabetic terrors a thing of the past.

The Cherokee speak to the plants, meditating with the plant, rather than assuming a license to pick any plant they wish, they would make a sort of arrangement with the plant to create a mutual relationship. Various songs and chants were sung to the plants to win their favor and further the negotiation process. Some plants may feel that they don’t want to be used at that time because they are currently unhealthy or have been recently abused by humans. They believe the earth can literally cry, and that when wasted, an area of earth can’t produce the desired beneficial life. Now we know from modern scientific measurements that, just as the Cherokee have long taught, when nutrients are taken out of soil, it is very hard to get that land to reproduce. That nature was the core of Cherokee medicine we see from Garrett’s work on Cherokee health, “The story of Cherokee Medicine begins with nature, ends with man, and begins again with nature.” (Garrett, 2003, p. 21)

The doctrine is signatures is practiced by the Cherokee. This means the plants will represent themselves similar to the animals. This is how humans first learned to associate plants with helpful uses for the human body (Bennett, 2007). The bear medicines are brown and fuzzy, like the bear. The bear medicines are considered most helpful to human conditions since the bear seems to be the animal most like the human, in that they use the hands to dig up roots, etc. The walnut is good for the heart because it looks like a heart. Angelica root looks like a uterus and is good for the uterus. It’s surprising how often these similarities pan out.  Bennett suggests that though little scientific proof is available to support the doctrine of signatures, it is still at least a very effective teaching method (Bennett, 2007).

Cherokee have found ways to sustain life from the land without resorting to processed foods. I’m sure they had to work for this sustenance, and perhaps even that work is part of their key to health. Health didn’t come cheap for the Cherokee, but when it came, it was abundant.

 

Our Persistence Intolerance of Naturopathic Medicine

 

We have a recent case in the US of the DCFS taking kids from parents who didn’t think chemotherapy and radiation was the best option. At first glance we might say “yes the state protected the children from death.” But this is upsetting as it ignores alternate treatments which the very knowledgeable naturopathic parents were going to perform.  Medical schools used to allow herbal and naturopathic studies. The Flexner report in the 20th century claimed that homeopathic schools were promoting dangerous graduates who did not understand medicine. This led to 25 large schools of natural medicine being shut down and lawsuits against many natural health practitioners. The Fitzgerald report in the appendix to the congressional record written by the chief investigator to interstate commerce showed that money from pharmaceutical companies was being put into shutting down natural clinics, hospitals, and laboratories which didn’t conform to standard pharmacology practices of the time. Pharmaceutical companies are known for trying to silence herbal remedy inventors like Harry Hoxsey. The American Medical Association lost a case called Wilk VS AMA in 1990 for having been identified as financing propaganda to shut down competitors in the naturopathic field.

 

Conclusion

 

The Cherokee could go for a walk and tell you what each plant is and what it does. I think most modern physicians could not do this. The Cherokee treated plants as a teammate, an ally, whereas today we treat plants as something that gets in the way of more serious matters.

The white people came to the Cherokee and the Cherokee told them of their medicinal ways, and the white’s called it kooky and threw it all away. If only we had at least tried to understand why they had the long-standing traditions which they had and had a more open mind to trying foreign things which had been helpful to other nations.

We would do well to not repeat the mistakes of our fathers and treat Cherokee patients with respect and reverence for their long-standing traditions in medicine even though many of them are not familiar to the modern civilized world. We must seek to accommodate their Cherokee patients in their desires to practice medicine in the way that their fathers have taught them to be correct.  We can listen to the Cherokee and take their clues and put them to the test in our labs, and I think that we will happily find that the correlations they have given us will prove to be a great advancement in modern medicine.

I echo the sentiment of Cherokee researcher JT Garrett, “My vision is that we will learn to respect Mother Earth more each day and come to know how we can be a protector for the resources that our ancestors have called “the Medicine Way.”” (Garrett, 2003, p. 17)

 

References

 

Garrett, J. (2003). Cherokee Herbal. Bear & Company.

Bennett, B. C. (2007). Doctrine of Signatures: An Explanation of Medicinal Plant Discovery or

Dissemination of Knowledge? [Abstract]. Economic Botany,61(3), 246-255.    D

doi:10.1663/0013-0001(2007)61[246:dosaeo]2.0.co;2

 

 

Appendix: Additional Information on the history of naturopathic schools in the US:

 

Medical schools used to allow herbal and naturopathic studies.

 

Wilk VS AMA (American Medical Association) in 1990 is a case where propaganda was used to try and eliminate chiropractic’s etc. and the court ruled against AMA (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilk_v._American_Medical_Ass%27n) .

 

Harry Hoxsey found a natural cure for cancer, the AMA wanted to buy it from him but they didn’t plan to sell it to the public, so he wouldn’t sell, shortly thereafter he was jailed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoxsey_Therapy

 

The Flexner report which was funded by Carnegie and Rockefeller claimed that homeopathic schools were promoting dangerous graduates who did not understand medicine. This lead to 25 large schools of natural medicine  being shut down and lawsuits against many natural health practitioners.

“Homeopathy and natural medicines were derided; some doctors were jailed.”

“to adhere strictly to the protocols of mainstream science

“published in 1910 under the aegis of the Carnegie Foundation. Many aspects of the present-day American medical profession stem from the Flexner Report and its aftermath.”

“Many American medical schools fell short of the standard advocated in the Flexner Report and, subsequent to its publication, nearly half of such schools merged or were closed outright. Colleges in electrotherapy were closed.”

“The Report also concluded that there were too many medical schools in the United States, and that too many doctors were being trained.”

“To help with the transition and change the minds of other doctors and scientists, Rockefeller gave more than $100 million to colleges, hospitals and founded a philanthropic front group called “General Education Board” (GEB)”

“In a very short time, medical colleges were all streamlined and homogenized (all the students were learning the same thing)”

“No medical school can be created without the permission of the state government. Likewise, the size of existing medical schools is subject to state regulation”

“When Flexner researched his report, “modern” medicine faced vigorous competition from several quarters, including osteopathic medicine, chiropractic medicine, electrotherapy, eclectic medicinenaturopathy and homeopathy.[16] Flexner clearly doubted the scientific validity of all forms of medicine other than that based on scientific research, deeming any approach to medicine that did not advocate the use of treatments such as vaccines to prevent and cure illness as tantamount to quackery and charlatanism. Medical schools that offered training in various disciplines including electromagnetic field therapy, phototherapy, eclectic medicine, physiomedicalism, naturopathy, and homeopathy, were told either to drop these courses from their curriculum or lose their accreditation and underwriting support. A few schools resisted for a time, but eventually all either complied with the Report or shut their doors.[17]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flexner_Report

 

The Fitzgerald report in the appendix to the congressional record written by the chief investigator to interstate commerce showed that money from pharmaceutical companies was being put into shutting down natural clinics, hospitals, and laboratories which didn’t conform to standard pharmacology practices of the time.

 

 

The God’s of Health

Brigham Young said of the kingdom of heaven, how each person there is as breathtakingly beautiful as the next. That one would gasp and per adventure faith upon each sight if persons there. He taught they would be as beautiful as the angels that surround the throne of God if they merit the great attainment of exaltation in the kingdom of God.

President Nelson said those who have studied the body have seen God moving in his majesty and glory.

While it’s wasteful to spend all one’s time honing the body in the gym, and rude to show off the body too much in public, we can learn from healthy people. Let us consider health. This gives glory to God. This inspires faith in God.

Show them you are chaste not because you are obese, but because you deliberately chose to be. Be attractive to show all the more that the Lord Jehovah is your God.

The health gods make good choices about food every time, or darn near close to it. They couldn’t be so healthy if they didn’t. Surely God makes good health choices. They emulate God in this, and thus more closely emulate and show his form and grandeur. The beauty of a fully healthy person is truly astonishing, it is a reflection of the image of God.

Obesity is usually an indicator of lack of self-control, and over indulgence in one or more areas of life. It also represents a lack of values, cynicism, and isolationism. Sometimes it’s from genetic disease, usually from poor management. I’m not judging, just teaching.

We can emulate God by seeking health, though not too ambiguously lest we forget our other duties. The character of Christ us several fold, and this is one of those folds.

The inspired person will seek to be beautiful and set aside trends which are not beautiful when it comes to dress and appearance.

 

There is something significant about the fact that our bodies correlate with our spirits, and that we must tame not only our spirits, but our bodies. Indeed, the taming of the body, the appetites, the lusts etc. to be channeled into holy submission with excellent health and high moral standards, these are keys of spirituality. Temporality cannot be separated from spirituality. If a righteous person does well in all with exception of the taming of his own appetites, this person indeed pleases God, but has yet sin to extinguish in his journey to the kingdom of God.

Some have said that the curse of Adam is in large the biological inheritance of the human race, the physical body appetites and instincts which are not in harmony with the perfect character of the Lord Jesus Christ. We can work toward being in control of ourselves, bringing all things in subjection through righteous restraint and priorities.

Understanding that it is the will of God that we take care of our health to a reasonable extent (reasonable perhaps meaning staying within the ‘normal’ ranges which are not pre-indications for the development of terminal illnesses) empowers us to allow ourselves the time of day and other needed resources for seeing to it that we have a clean bill of health. I suggest D&C 89 as the standard for obtaining that clean bill of health, it can help you loose weight, gain weigt, gain control, etc. as your body requires. There is within good nutrition a standard of health which the body draws to, meaning that if you eat right, your body will gravitate toward an ideal healthy body weight.

Not unfrequently has Zion been called beautiful! The doctrine of beauty is shunned by many zealous religionists, but let them search their souls, and they will find that it is a true principle consistent with the heavens and citizens there. We are not to wait for the life to come to give attention to health, or to whimsically wish for a forthcoming day when despite all our neglect, we will be given a clean bill of health. Brigham Young said that we are not going to wait for Zion to descend from heaven, we are going to build it right here, and right now!

If you see that your body is not in compliance with the generous ranges suggested by the scientists of pathophysiology pertaining to the ranges of health which are predictors that you will not develop one of the many diseases of excess such as DM2 hypertension strokes etc., let that be your measuring rod to see that you aren’t correctly balancing your priorities, and need to scale back on something else to give more attention to your health. Remember always that the Lord has said it is better to obey than sacrifice, meaning that your good ideas aren’t as good as his commandments, and that you’ll make the best use of your time by first keeping the commandments, then playing around with creative service ideas after that. Let God be praised for inspiring us with the sciences we have today which can guide us in a confident knowledge of when we are outside of a healthy range, so that we can get back on track rather than living in confusion of why certain pesky symptoms plague us. Granted some people do all the right things when it comes to health and still have issues, but I think that is the exception, not the rule. Further, when people set aside council from God on health (D&C 89) and replace it for fad health practices, they should not be surprised to see that the creation of the Creator is having a higher rate of malfunction than they had hoped.

The overweight person, the obese person, and the morbidly obese person all have something in common: they are, some faster than others, on the track toward premature death, and lethargy through life. They may appear energetic and work long hours, but compared to what they could do in good health, it is miniscule. Many heavy people have great willpower in their profession or home making, perhaps compensating for their other weaknesses by working long hours of dedicated service to some cause of interest. What they must learn is that when they take care of their bodies, though some investment of mental and physical effort and foresight. will be involved, those investments will provide exponential dividends in their quality of life, and the quality of service they give to their fellow man, and thus their God.

A nutrition-based health plan instead of a constant exercise-based plan will accommodate any busy person in a journey toward health when it’s hard to find an extra hour or two of spare time each day for exercise, though we cannot entirely dismiss exercise.

Is your physical health keeping you from accessing the fullness of temple blessings? One key reason I plead with people to make healthy choices is that some are so embarrassed by their health that they refuse to date and marry. This so frequently being the case, we see that their unbridled appetites have become the idol they worship. I say idol because it has reached the point where it’s in the way of them getting on the covenant path. Their lack of attention to health has become a stumbling block between them and the temple, where marriages are made solemn for eternity. With such a powerful emphasis on the need for temple ordinances from the prophets, we ought to be terrified of anything that threatens to get in the way of us and the temple, and fight whoever those enemies are head on. Being obese disadvantages you from marriage creation in a few ways. First, the human body was not designed to be obese, and our biological programming sends us alert signals that create feelings of undesirability for romantic relations with obese persons, perhaps as a way of warning us that obesity leads to death. Further, when people see an obese person, for bettor or worse they associate that with lack of self control and lack of self esteem, and fear that these weaknesses will be manifest in other areas of life, which can be a great defect when trying to get along in a marriage, control finances, work towards goals, and raise children. I explain these things so the reader will not think that I’m intolerant and overly judgmental of obese people. To consider obesity as “just another acceptable lifestyle” (yes, I’ve seen it promoted that way) is actually Satanic, because it leads to the destruction of bodies, which are the temple of God. To consider that a state of obesity is a healthy state of life is to deny the laws of nature, and thereby deny the God of nature, Jesus Christ. I love everyone, Jesus Christ loves everyone too, but ignorance of these things will only lead to disappointment. Love doesn’t mean condone. Love means care enough to try and warn someone that they are on a path to destruction. So take control of your health so you can be a better candidate for marriage and temple blessings. This is a hard subject for many to swallow, but in reality it’s just illustrating that we cannot reject spiritual commandments and not expect them to have negative spiritual consequences. D&C 89 gives the standard of health, if we set it aside, spiritual anti-blessings / curses invariably come. The D&C teaches that blessings are always predicated on obedience to laws; the converse of this is that curses are always predicated on disobedience to laws. For those who don’t like the world “cursings”, we can call it ‘living in the world with a lesser degree of the assistance of God.’ To insist that we can ignore God’s councils and still be worthy of all of his blessings is to deny the word of God. What will God say when we make a case that we didn’t have an opportunity to marry in this life but yet spent our days destroying our bodies? Some people are obese because of circumstances beyond their control, but most do not. Further, often the Satanic chains of hell are sown one thread at a time. For example, chronic conditions can develop after a while of denying health to the body. Then the chain is set, and our health is sometimes out of our control. But the chance to take control was there earlier, and we denied it. The same is true regarding addiction: some say, and rightly so, “I literally can’t help it, I have to use drugs/alcohol.” Yes, they may have become bound in chains of addiction and have no more choice in the matter, but earlier before they were into it that far, they did have a choice. They crossed the line, and lost their agency in that matter. Satan loves it when we lose agency, but it’s never his fault, always ours. We are perfectly accountable for the messes we get ourselves into. He can tempt us sure, but it’s up to us to make choices even in the midst of temptation. God is a merciful judge, but he also isn’t one to be toyed with. You and I had better be able to make a strong case that we realy truly did try our best, and that we never gave up, no matter how discouraged we became. A truly sad state is when someone says that they’ve tried to change and can’t, and resign themselves to a life of bad choices. To make such a claim is to deny the power of Christ. Long have the prophets taught that he can reach deeper than any despair, so don’t give up. Don’t be a sideline spectator of your destiny. Make the temple the chief object of your focus, then identify roadblocks in your way, and muster all your strength to obliterate those road blocks, and rush into the house of the Lord!

You must beg your Father in Heaven through prayer in the name of Jesus Christ to give you power to overcome your health issues, to bridle your appetites, to understand revealed principles of health, to learn what the sciences have to offer in the corpus of studies on nutrition and health, to gain every principle which you lack in the righteous and obedient pursuit to be a good steward of the body given to you by Christ.

Surely one of the best ways to share the gospel of our Lord is to show that we have found genuine happiness by embracing it, so lets not let health be the thorn in the side any longer keeping us back from finding more happiness in life, happiness which God intends for us to have and share.

Some think that it is pompous and proud to spend any time dealing with the self. Joseph Smith taught, “Some people entirely denounce the principle of self-aggrandizement as wrong. But it is a correct principle, and may be indulged upon only one role or plan – and that is to elevate, benefit and bless others first. If you will elevate others, the very work itself will exalt you. Upon no other plan can a man justly and permanently aggrandize himself.” (Joseph Smith, Young Woman’s Journal, vol. 2, p. 3660). It’s noteworthy that Joseph says to lift others first. President Henry B. Eyring recently spoke of Christlike service which members gave to others facing natural disaster, before even meeting their own needs. He taught that there is a time and a place to put others’ needs before those of your own. However we must take caution: if you have a chronic legacy of neglecting your health in the name of helping others, you must make adjustments, you have carried out the principle of service beyond its proper bounds, and you must go now and pluck the beam from your own eye so you can see better to remove the mote from the eyes of others. You can’t excuse a lifetime of neglect. From time to time, heroic efforts on your behalf will be required, and your own needs will take the back shelf. But those who ignore regular maintenance of their bodies are practicing neglect. The prophets have said that if we find anything lacking in ourselves, it is our duty to pray for the gift we lack so we can overcome whatever trial is before us. The Book of Mormon prophet called us to do all things in wisdom and order. One of the heroic efforts which you are called upon to make is the long-term management of your body.

I speak of these things not to say that they are more important than other items, but because one doesn’t need to look far, usually not farther than the mirror, to see that we as a society have fallen into gluttony in mass, and do not practice self-control. We are dying in mass from self induced causes. A BYU professor of biology Benjamin Bikman gave a lecture on this topic titled “The Plagues of Prosperity” (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xefdEXfG9j0). The D&C revelation section 89 was designed to help us avoid these plagues. Lets take good care of our health on a regular basis so we can spend less time in hospitals, less time in shame, less time in gymnasiums making frantic efforts to hide bad dietary choices under the blanket, so we can spend more time doing the work of the Lord, and thereby finding true happiness for ourselves, putting ourselves in an ideal and persuasive position to point others likewise to that happy state we enjoy.

 

 

 

 

Time for Health Analogy

By Nate Richardson, editor@richardsonstudies.com 2018

Thesis: Both our physical and spiritual health require consistent efforts, moderation, balance, and dedication. We must spend significant effort in both regards. These analogies also apply to taking time out of our day for doing missionary work, and how missionary work can be successful with consistent attention to it.

 

-look and live: the serpent on staff: easy but need consistent. This applies to all of God’s commandments. If they are procrastinated and avoided, they become hard or impossible.

 

-I asked a friend who struggles with morbid obesity but is very active in the church. I preface this by saying we are all morbidly obese in our own way. All of us have much to improve. And some perhaps even many of cases of morbid or moderate obesity have to do with health issues. In fact, technically speaking the BMI says I am obese. In my case it’s a plain old case of neglect, and I’m working on that. I asked my friend, how much time would you be willing to spend each day on improving your physical health? All day was the reply. Via eating patterns etc. But I said “let me rephrase it. How much time not multitasking, just doing fitness?” A pause and the reply, “10 minutes”. I just did a nutrition class in nursing program so this stuff is on my mind. My nutrition professor believed we need an hour a day to maintain good health in our sedimentary lifestyles.

 

I think at the root of this woman’s case is that she thinks she will let down God if she takes time to do things other than family history work, or some other form of service to others. I submit it is God’s will that we try to keep all his commandments. We must beware how we use our time. Missionary work takes time. Sometimes it’s time scrolling Facebook. Many of us might do too much of that. But some is important.  Etc.

 

-The spirit will help us keep the word of wisdom. Sometimes however, we say exercise and missionary work for people w/ too much time on hands, like my friend with serious health issues who was willing only to take only ’10 min’ /day on non-multitasking health, for example. We know we are accountable to God and we like to work lots to please God.  But we have permission to take time for our health and for missionary work! The admission to take time to be holy includes take time to play basketball with your friends, or time to play board games with your kids or friends or neighbors!

 

-Rare do elderly with health issues have just 1 issue, but “comorbidity” multiple system failure. I get chips and soda for tough days; my wife reminds me it’s going to get me.  I’m working on that.

-Missionary work, like physical and spiritual health maintenance, also takes time.

-The command to care for our health and do missionary work has this aspect, “Thou Shalt Party and make merry with thy friends.” Who are my friends? Same as who is our neighbor. These commandments are some of the more particularly happy thank-God commandments.

– Like health issues, some of us have great excuses for not exercising/missionary working. Like a bad foot meaning no walking. My nutrition professor says cases where someone is so sick they can’t do any type of fitness are almost nonexistent.

-Elder Holland said recently that if we do not pay for health now, we will pay later.

-My boss said to me once when she saw me with a lunch brought from home ‘I can’t pack homemade lunch’. I guess in some circumstance this could be true. I said “it’s about priorities.” She said no I just can’t, I work too much.: I don’t think she got what I was saying. Perhaps her ultra-nice truck could go so she wouldn’t have to work so many hours to pay for it and could put attention to her critical health issues. We don’t judge others, but we do try to teach and uplift ourselves and others in the ways of wisdom, and find balance in keeping all of God’s commandments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eliminating Health Excuses

 

-you’ll never have more time, God will always give you plenty of assignments all through your life, and your mental obsession with doing tasks won’t suddenly end just because you graduate college or get some promotion, or a kid grows up or you get more money or something

 

-you don’t have endless tomorrows to set things straight; thousands get diabetes, what makes you so different than them? Do you think they wanted it or saw it coming? No, and neither do you, but it is coming.

 

-you live in the debt-oriented mindset of our time, thinking that just because loans are available, that’s the only way to live. You have amassed health debt. All those pounds and lack of muscle are like dollars you owe. Time to turn it around and live for not the immediate present, but for the future. Time to seriously journey toward the day when you will be debt free and able to give greatly. Time to turn the focus from you to charity

 

-you think God cares about your giving or your using time to serve, but he cares about you, about your health, about how you manage your person; of all the people you’re taking care of, another that you’ve been commanded to take care of is yourself. Don’t have the hyper-savior syndrome where you think that everything will fall apart if you take some time for your own health now and then – Christ (the prototypical savior) taught temperance.

 

-don’t think that those who do fitness are just people with too much time on their hands; if you want to talk about more time, consider the time you won’t be in a hospital, and the added years of life. Consider the increased focus which will come as you make health a priority. It’s the healthy people who really respect time and take time seriously. Of course, there are the occasional idiot who are healthy and yet clueless, don’t let them cloud your vision to the path God has commanded you to walk.

 

-don’t think fitness and diet are suggestions; they are commandments from God; neglect of one’s body is a serious issue; just think what society would be like if all were healthy – more sensitivity to the spirit would be the key gift; now how are you going to help them be healthy if you aren’t healthy first? Truly one of the evils of our time is the idea that ‘everyone is doing it’ on account of poor health choices. As Joel Fuhrman says, you must choose to be different than the normal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prophets Speak on the Need for Physical Exercise

“I would not want you to neglect your body. It deserves daily care. Physical conditioning through regular exercise requires self-mastery too. I marvel at Elder Joseph Anderson, now in his ninety-sixth year. For decades, the strength of his spirit over his body has induced him to swim regularly. But his motivation has never been to attain physical longevity. That has come only incidentally. His desire has been to serve God and His anointed. Elder Anderson has followed what I label as the Lord’s prescription for a long and useful life. Those faithful in “magnifying their calling, are sanctified by the Spirit unto the renewing of their bodies. They become … the elect of God.” (D&C 84:33–34.) Elder Anderson’s exercise program agrees with the perspective of Paul, who said: “Bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.” (1 Tim. 4:8.) Handsome and fit, Elder Anderson personifies this scripture: “Glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.” (1 Cor. 6:20.)

(Self Mastery, by Elder Russel M Nelson, General Conference Oct 1985)

“Take responsibility for your own physical well-being. Your soul consists of your body and spirit (see D&C 88:15). Feeding the spirit while neglecting the body, which is a temple, usually leads to spiritual dissonance and lowered self-esteem. If you are out of shape, if you are uncomfortable in your own body and can do something about it, then do it!”
(Approaching The Throne of God with Confidence by Elder Jörg Klebingat October 2014 General Conference; https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2014/10/approaching-the-throne-of-god-with-confidence?lang=eng)

Elder Russell M. Nelson has taught that we should “regard our body as a temple of our very own” and that we should “control our diet and exercise for physical fitness” (“We Are Children of God,” Ensign, Nov. 1998, 87; Liahona, Jan. 1999, 103).”

President Boyd K. Packer has taught “that our spirit and our body are combined in such a way that our body becomes an instrument of our mind and the foundation of our character” (“The Instrument of Your Mind and the Foundation of Your Character” [Church Educational System fireside, Feb. 2, 2003], 2; speeches.byu.edu)

“please use good judgment in what and especially how much you eat, and regularly give your body the exercise it needs and deserves. If you are physically able, decide today to be the master of your own house and begin a regular, long-term exercise program, suited to your abilities, combined with a healthier diet. Spiritual confidence increases when your spirit, with the help of the Savior, is truly in charge of your natural man or woman.” (Approaching The Throne of God with Confidence by Elder Jörg Klebingat October 2014 General Conference; https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2014/10/approaching-the-throne-of-god-with-confidence?lang=eng)

“We will regard our body as a temple of our very own.24 We will not let it be desecrated or defaced in any way.25 We will control our diet and exercise for physical fitness.” (Russel M Nelson, “We are children of God”, 1998 General Conference https://www.lds.org/general-conference/1998/10/we-are-children-of-god?lang=eng)

“Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? … The temple of God is holy, which temple ye are” (1 Corinthians 3:16–17).

“Nutritious meals, regular exercise, and appropriate sleep are necessary for a strong body, just as consistent scripture study and prayer strengthen the mind and spirit.” (Thomas S. Monson, Standards of Strength https://www.lds.org/youth/article/standards-of-strength?lang=eng&_r=1)

“I remember a blessing I received when I was serving in the military. It included counsel that’s good for every young person: “You have been given a body of such physical proportions and fitness as to enable your spirit to function through it. … You should cherish this as a great heritage. Guard [it] and protect it. Take nothing into it that shall harm the organs thereof because it is sacred. It is the instrument of your mind and [the] foundation of your character.”” (Boyd K Packer, 1996 May Ensign The Word of Wisdom: The Principle and the Promise https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/1996/05/the-word-of-wisdom-the-principle-and-the-promises?lang=eng)

“And see that all these things are done in wisdom and order; for it is not requisite that a man should run faster than he has strength. And again, it is expedient that he should be diligent, that thereby he might win the prize; therefore, all things must be done in order.” (Mosiah 4:27)

“The Lord sets a high standard for us in telling us to consider our bodies a temple. … [He] has established some basic standards for the governance of our physical bodies” and mental health so that we may become more self-reliant and better prepared to progress personally, strengthen the family, and serve in the Church and community (see L. Tom Perry, “The Tradition of a Balanced, Righteous Life,” Liahona, Aug. 2011, 32)

“Maintaining the best possible physical health has been a gospel ideal throughout the ages—from the strict dietary laws of ancient Israel, with the example of Daniel and his associates, to the Word of Wisdom in this dispensation and the counsel of today’s prophets and apostles. The physical body is a gift from God and should be properly cared for and respected. Mental health is also important and should not be overlooked, as it can affect us both physically and spiritually. We must do all we can to take care of both our bodies and our minds.”
(Topic: Health: Intro; https://www.lds.org/topics/health?lang=eng&fbclid=IwAR0NwsaZoh-iAshDxS-EUlGJkdguZNw61s9o7MilPqh8t7KJodTzxMhEnJ0) )

“Nutritious meals, regular exercise, and appropriate sleep are necessary for a strong body, just as consistent scripture study and prayer strengthen the mind and spirit” (Thomas S. Monson, “That We May Touch Heaven,” Ensign, Nov. 1990, 46)

“Rest and physical exercise are essential, and a walk in the fresh air can refresh the spirit. Wholesome recreation is part of our religion, and a change of pace is necessary, and even its anticipation can lift the spirit” (Ezra Taft Benson, “Do Not Despair,” Ensign, Nov. 1974, 66)

“The Lord has commanded members to take care of their minds and bodies. They should obey the Word of Wisdom, eat nutritious food, exercise regularly, control their weight, and get adequate sleep. They should shun substances or practices that abuse their bodies or minds and that could lead to addiction. They should practice good sanitation and hygiene and obtain adequate medical and dental care…” (Handbook 2: Administering the Church [2010], 6.1.1)

“Exercising physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual abilities is required to not only maintain but also improve these abilities. Without exercise, these abilities diminish. Furthermore, fitness in one area can strongly influence fitness in another. For example, improving physical fitness enhances mental, emotional, and even spiritual acuity.

Specific exercises are designed to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and aerobic capacity. But every exercise must be tailored to meet a person’s individual requirements, such as age. Where weight bearing is a problem, water exercises are helpful. Chair and desk exercises are useful for those who spend long hours in a sitting position. There are many exercises and activities like these that are inexpensive and can fit the budget of almost anyone.” (Provident Living: Exercise and Health: Physical Fitness https://providentliving.lds.org/self-reliance/health/exercise-and-fitness?lang=eng&fbclid=IwAR3-IcdkMEarfJta8s6jUeXkpR2DokGr5AqZnvs-_ei0ufpJZhT9fKhdXHA)

“The Lord has commanded you to take good care of your body. To do this, observe the Word of Wisdom, found in Doctrine and Covenants 89. Eat nutritious food, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. When you do all these things, you remain free from harmful addictions and have control over your life. You gain the blessings of a healthy body, an alert mind, and the guidance of the Holy Ghost. …” (Elder L Tom Perry, October 2008 General Conference, “Let Him Do It With Simplicity” https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2008/10/let-him-do-it-with-simplicity?lang=eng)

“Your body is a temple, a gift from God. You will be blessed as you care for your body. Choose to obey the Word of Wisdom (see D&C 89). When you are obedient to this law, you remain free from harmful addictions and have control over your life. You gain the blessings of a healthy body, an alert mind, and the guidance of the Holy Ghost. You will be prepared to serve the Lord. Never let Satan or others deceive you into thinking that breaking the Word of Wisdom will make you happier, more popular, or more attractive.
To care for your body, eat nutritious food, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. Practice balance and moderation in all aspects of your physical health.” (For the Strength of Youth: Physical and Emotional Health https://www.lds.org/youth/for-the-strength-of-youth/physical-and-emotional-health?lang=eng)

Here is an excellent article from the Ensign about running 20 miles a week to lose weight, since less than that doesn’t really work. He has alternatives to running for heavier people such as swimming. He also addresses the diet cycle. He also has strategies for building up your exercise amount. “Running away from it all” 1981 https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/1981/02/running-away-from-it-all?lang=eng

Here is an excellent Ensign article on the benefits of exercising with weights. 1932 “Why Train with Weights?” by Larry Tucker, director of health promotion, Brigham Young University https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/1993/02/random-sampler/why-train-with-weights?lang=eng

 

 

 

Psychotropic Drugs VS Exercise

In this General Conference address titled “Myths about mental illness”, he speaks of the positive side of pharmaceuticals to treat mental illness, the great advances being made in this field of science. https://www.lds.org/study/ensign/2005/10/myths-about-mental-illness?lang=eng

 

As I discussed on a mental health platform the need for exercise, Sarah Hancock sent me a message about how diet and exercise were able to help her become mentally stable, leaving behind 5 psychotropic medications which doctors told her she would have to be on for life: “I radically altered my diet & exercise routine which allowed me (after 17 years of acute “treatment resistant” symptoms) to walk away from psychiatric symptoms that doctors said I’d have to be on 5 classes of medications for the rest of my life. Turns out, they were wrong. I’m so grateful that I sought out help to learn how to safely taper off meds and work to align my spirit with my body. The Lord really does guide us in finding the courage to do hard things. Withdrawal was probably the hardest thing I have EVER done in my life. I never understood how our central nervous system becomes completely dependent upon medication taken as prescribed. I never knew how many factors can contribute to/work against mental wellness. I am SO grateful I chose to take my life back.”

Hear more about her story at psychrecoveryandrehab.com. I recognize Sarah’s story wouldn’t apply to all cases of medicated mental illness, but I will say that many could benefit from more closely aligning their lives with the councils of the Lord found regarding physical health. Truly things thought impossible are not impossible with the touch of the Master’s hand.

 

I once spoke to my pharmacology professor in nursing school about ADHD, and how many treat it with exercise. I was troubled by the long list of negative side effects of common medications used to treat this disease. Her response to me was essentially that even though exercise helps deal with the symptoms of the disease, not everyone wants to exercise. That’s it! People would rather have life threatening side effects than simply exercise. Again I recognize that there are various degrees of this illness, and that medication can be a good thing in some cases. But again, are we truly obeying the councils of the Lord to assist us in all things?

 

 

 

 

 

Cease to Sleep Longer Than is Needful

 

-when much is at stake, you must lose the calendar, and just go full throttle. This means you sleep when you must, not when a clock says something. And when you must sleep, you do so incrementally, then get back to work, as a little sleep can be restorative.

-stock up on sleep so when you can’t, you have reserves. The science shows that it indeed works like this, the use of stored energy, and the power to renew one’s self with a reasonable night’s sleep even if you’ve been without for a few days.

-in seasons of critical performance, get all you need to do completed, then rest a season. It’s feast or famine. You can’t wait until it’s convenient in your schedule to get your work done.

 

 

 

 

 

Sleep hours: What to Expect

This article shows what one can expect based on how many hours of sleep they get, ranging from 11 hours to 0 hours. Refer also to my similar article of compiled quotes and examples from prophets and other inspired individuals on sleep.

 

“My life like my shoes, worn out in the service of God.” -President Spencer W. Kimball

I’ve been a full-time college student for the past 5 years, all of said years having also worked a full time job and maintained a marriage, and during some of which having raised a number of children, I have thought much about where the line is for giving one’s all for the betterment of society. Though this line (as well as one’s ability to move that line in a per needs basis) varies from person to person, here are some generalities I’ve come to believe from much trial and error, much success, and much failure.

My soul cries out, “Oh God, how strict are thy ways, and how high are thine expectations! I tremble to think of what trials lie ahead, and I tremble to look at what we have already gone through in this life and what we have gone through in the pre-mortal existence. We know not if we could do now and tomorrow what we could and did then. Nevertheless, we know thou wilt sustain thy servants in the hour of their need. As our days shall demand, so our succor from thee, our constant aid, shall be. Thou we may not KNOW that we in our flesh shall conquer this selfsame hour, we can surely BELIEVE.”

Note: I have no knowledge about how much sleep a pregnant woman needs, it’s likely greater.

Note: regularly resorting to medication and junk food (including soda) is a sign of an unsustainable lifestyle, and is not recommended for any substantial stage of life, including college semesters or new-born baby months, or times of extreme poverty, etc. For these seasons of great distress, other more sustainable options are available to those who seek them.  If these nutriativly empty substances are to be used at all, it is in rare emergency or rare celebration. The seeker of greatest joy & service recognizes that it is best to never use them for either or celebration. Even those who work a graveyard shift or heavy class/work/family load perform better when adopting healthy coping mechanisms.

THE NUMBER OF SLEEP HOURS AND THE RESULTS:

11: solution for 0-hour prior night

10: have you no dignity man? / open rebellion

9: there goes your life / probably depressed / complete restoration from a week of clearly diminished rest.

8: ready to do sustained intense focus / born again / easy to be optimistic; must exercise for max alertness. Missionaries sleep this amount (Note: missionaries are young and may need more sleep due to their age of development). Napoleon Bonaparte military genius suggested that for a mature adult to sleep this amount is wasteful.

7: going along just fine / let’s do this. No music is required for focused study.

6: I’m going to make it. Constant mental effort required for sustained focus; exercise boosts function if can conjure the motivation to exercise. 2nd episode of exercise mid-day gives equivalent of 1-hour nap. Napoleon Bonaparte military genius suggested this amount of sleep for men of ambition. Music is required for focused study. Comedic relief serves in this phase to boost the immune system and deflect depressive instincts. Jovial social interaction further serves to sustain usefulness in this sleep schedule. Menial tasks which require little to no thought are good to accomplish in this schedule, reserving one’s energy/time/prime for the more daunting tasks of designing, calculating, and so forth.

——-

crossing line of chronic health / sustainability; below this point will need nap for max function / economic point of diminishing returns

——

5: life is pain; only sustainable with spiritual fortification; high risk for depression & bodily temptation; occasional relief from pain when highly distracted; you can perform mentally, but you won’t think you can; multiple episodes of physical fitness required to override mental fatigue. 1-hour nap 2/3 through day enhances remaining 3rd to 7-hour-like performance. Increase caloric intake by 400 to compensate strain on body. You can still have normal social interaction in this stage. If very interested in a topic, can carry on as though you had 8 hours of sleep therein, but performing begrudging tasks is most dreadful. If is likely that Dr. Hugh Nibley frequently used this sleep schedule, as he was known to suggest to students that they study until 2 or 3am to perform with excellence in school and lamented that the ‘lamps didn’t burn’ late into the night in BYU dorms. Nibley was famous for being the best in his field and being better than everyone else in their own fields. Participation in an economic society is virtually disabled at this sleep level, particularly meaningful and hearty participation.

 

4: “why did i do this”; “there is no mercy, no mercy!”; focus on nutrition (esp. vit. C) to avoid eminent sickness; I have a fighting chance of surviving without illness, but I’m not happy about it; must build time into schedule for staring into space and repeatedly pondering the question “why”; increase caloric intake by 700. Avoid stressful situations as to not lose your temper. You’re bent and almost to breaking, potential for “Dr. Jekyll Mr. Hyde syndrome” when encountering unexpected stress, particularly related to interpersonal interactions; “what happened?”; must write morals on palm of hand as they’re no longer in thoughts; this is the final stage of semi-reasonable sleep length. You can perform scheduled tasks, but time in between scheduled tasks is wasted in lament and grimace of pain. You will be easily distracted and use much of your limited fuel in creative rather than administrative tasks. The infamous Joseph Richardson who maintained a 4.0 in high school, always 18 credit semesters in college (still 4.0), and graduate school in computer science and physics (still 4.0), reported a particular semester of graduate school where he had an average of 4 hours of sleep per night, which he reported was most miserable & somewhat maddening, though succeed he did. One key to Joseph’s academic success is that he never allows himself to sleep if there is unfinished homework which is due the next day. It is to be noted that Joseph never used caffeine and had a diet high in milk beans and wheat bread from a young age. Joseph also reports some long-term negative health consequences which he correlates with these and similar times of his life. Generally speaking, it is unwise to expect to perform well academically on such diminished amounts of sleep.  I believe Brigham Young was on this average of sleep when doing last minute temple ceremonies before they had to leave in months soon to come. Onset of diarrhea is a key sign that debilitating sickness is eminent, retreat and fortify (although sometimes there are things worse than diarrhea, as evidenced by the courageous battles of George Washington, where he reported diarrhea during battle).

 

crossing the line of acute health: emergency status

 

3: sick; onset of an inflamed uvula upon waking indicates severe stress on the immune system. There is a small chance that sickness can be avoided in this schedule with the employment of a series of brief naps throughout the day; exercise decreases health; seek restful moments throughout day whenever possible, deliberate psychoactive self-restraint to decrease stress of constant pain; increase caloric intake by 1500. Social interaction requires full attention / is ineffective. Some temptations are diminished in this stage as extreme exhaustion brings a sense of humility and compassion for humanity which comes with inevitable resignation on account of one’s abilities to reach all personal goals. Some things can be maintained with this amount of sleep, such as clocking in and out of work on time, attending mandatory school classes, and completing assigned homework. Small infrequent medication to calm symptoms so as to complete needed social performances are considered, but with awareness of impending liver and other damage to those who medicate casually/frequently. As completion of homework is critical to maintaining a grade point average, the student is justified, as the provider is justified in making sufficient money to pay bills at this sleep level, in temporary heroic sprints in this phase to complete needed tasks. Time is such that some days are more important than others, and if you have only 3 hours of sleep to meet demands of the more crucial days, compensation/health reconciliation must be completed.  Note: emergency status can often be avoided with good planning, which evades the need of procrastinated workloads.

2: 5th dimension Leonardo Da Vinci / polyphasic sleep; sick, but not bedridden sick if execute naps

1: forestall impending doom. Insufficient naps; Increase caloric intake by 2000.

0: kamikaze. Timebomb. One becomes not only sick, but useless. However, if only employed once or twice a month and other days have a healthy amount of rest, including small repair in the aftermath, this schedule can be tolerated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wisdom on Sleep from Prophets & Sages

Let us remember that not only scientific laboratories but wisdom from the ancients and insight from inspired individuals can give us information on matters of importance. To ignore historical and prophetic wisdom at the expense of focusing on the laboratory, or the opposite, to leave the laboratory to just listen to leaders and wise men, is to put oneself at risk of assuming radical views which will not lead to desired outcomes.

 

Fun quote from Joseph Smith – The Lord comforts us by means of our dreams, even when they don’t make sense.

 

This is a collection of teachings on and examples of the prophets and other inspired individuals about sleep. We must serve God, and we look up to those who have gone before to help us be inspired about ways we can offer our whole souls as an offering to God. Sometimes this balance of service and self-care can involve less sleep. I would note that regular use of stimulants indicates that our sleep patterns are unstable and not suitable for a healthy long-term lifestyle. We will frequently consider as we review these teachings that there is more to life than sleep, and that much of what must be done can indeed be done on less sleep.

 

-Reportedly Hugh Nibley said he would rather get up at noon and write good books than get up at 6am and write bad books. This shows how and when you sleep isn’t really the key to success, it’s just a minor and negotiable component which can’t be enlarged more than other more crucial components. There appears to be seasons of rest, seasons of little rest, etc., depending on the dictation of the Holy Ghost, our spiritual attunement to recognize that dictation, and our moral courage to answer the promptings of the Holy Ghost, as we tread the path toward become holy ourselves.  He that is commanded in all things is not a slothful and not a wise servant the revelation says.

 

-“Give me that mountain to climb” said President Kimball. President Kimball and his wife were sick
with a very high temperature fever, he was nevertheless the first ready in the morning, and
went to all his meetings that day, and looked to the needs of others throughout the day. Though his
various cancers and other serious Job-like health trials, we have never heard him complain. President
Kimball didn’t expect those around him to keep up with him and work at his pace. He did expect people
to do their best. He had a sign on his desk that said, “do it”. They couldn’t get President Kimball
to rest before the long series of meetings of the day. He said that if they knew what he did, they would understand why he did what he did. There were gaps in the schedule, President Kimball pointed out the gaps and asked Elder Hales “what are these? Why am I not attending meetings in these times?” Elder Hales said “those are rest periods.” President Kimball said, “Are you tired, Elder Hales?” Elder Hales would express his concern to his companions about the health of President Kimball considering how he could get Kimball to rest, his companions said, “you can try”. When others would try to help him rest, he would tell them, “I know you’re trying to save me, but I don’t want to be saved, I want to be exalted.” (“Examples from the Life of a Prophet” by Elder Robert D Hales, about President Spencer W Kimball, Gen. Conf. Oct. 1981)

 

-Joseph Fielding Smith all his life was up by 6am and in his office by 8am. (see book ‘In the Company of Prophets by D. Arthur Haycock)

– Spencer W Kimball didn’t sleep much. If working hard could make up for his inadequacies he would. So he slept only a few hours each night and became a master of sneaking away every now and then for a 15-minute cat nap, then was back in action. At 2am the lights were often still on the Spencer Kimball home. He would be writing in his journal responding to letters and thanking them for any bit of faith they had in such letters. In his journals he not only wrote of the things of the day, but he opened his heart. There are 33 black binders of these journals he kept. He said that in journals don’t put your sins in neon but write you have weaknesses and quickly get on to the good stuff, to the inspired. (see Truman G Madsen book on the Presidents of the church)

-“When I served with President Kimball, I never worked so hard in my life.” (see book ‘In the Company of Prophets by D. Arthur Haycock pg. 90)

-Brigham Young said the man who honors their Priesthood will be exhausted. (Hugh Nibly, BofM/PoGP class referenced)

-Brigham Young said he felt his bones in him would consume lest he preached the gospel once he had found it, and left all temporal things so to do. He said he is not bound back by wife and child or nothing, but is living for the gospel. He said “I want you to ware your selves out (for the gospel cause).” (Hugh Nibly, BofM/PoGP class referenced)

-Elder Jeffrey R Holland said missionaries (etc.) collapse into bed at the end of the day “delightfully exhausted”

-“Eight hours work, eight hours sleep, and eight hours recreation – Brigham Young” (Susa Young Gates and Leah D. Widtsoe, The Life Story of Brigham Young (1931), 251)(also referenced in Ensign 2003 A Rock-Solid Foundation for Marriage By Brent A. Barlow https://www.lds.org/ensign/2003/06/a-rock-solid-foundation-for-marriage?lang=eng)

-“it is harder for the Spirit to shine in and through our physical bodies when we are dozy and dull from foolishly going to bed at 1:30 A.M. or 2:30 A.M. or later night after night after night (see D&C 88:124).” (By Elder David A. Bednar Area Authority Seventy From a devotional address given at Ricks College on 11 January 2000. Published also in the Ensign, September 2001 see https://www.lds.org/ensign/2001/09/ye-are-the-temple-of-god?lang=eng)

-Pres. McKay read 4-5 books a week. He would only sleep 4 hrs. per night, bed at 12am up at 4am

-President Boyd K Packer said that when he has a large project that must be done, rather than staying up late to do it, he will rise early to do it. He says he prefers this method so that he can do the task “with the Lord”.

-When I took classes from BYU Biblical Hebrew professor and prolific author Dr. Donald Parry, he would sometimes speak to us of how he would at times wake very early, sometimes even at 2am, he would pray for the Lord to let him rest a little more, and the answer would come that no, it’s time to get up and get to work.

-Cleon Skousen was asked a project by the First Presidency, they knew he had what today is 5 full time jobs; he to complete the assignment had to stay up till 4 or 5 AM some days.

-Brigham Young would only get 4 hours of sleep when he was involved in a great project temple work etc.

-one BYU News recent study shows students with 7 hours of sleep do better than those who get 9 hours of sleep.

-Holy Ghost be your guide

-Joseph Fielding Smith thought it immoral to be in bed past 6am

-Brigham Young said don’t use stimulants to stay awake. President Russel M Nelson has echoed this council.

-Missionaries get 8 hours

-Joseph Worthlin got up early to have 2 hours of gospel study each morning

-Pres. Kimball would oft. go home after work then go back to work after that to finish things when things were not done

-Julie Preece, the student management professor of BYU, says stay at work till work done then go home

-Pres. Monson says burn the midnight oil to get good grades

-Professor of Greek at BYU Steven Bay says go off only 5 hours sleep if it means getting your studying in

-a founding father / French revolutionist said those who want to make revolution can only sleep in their grave

-at times Pres. Eyring prays all night

-President Russel M Nelson has urged us to not use harmful stimulants.

-Jesus rose before others in the morning to go pray

-Jesus and other prophets have gone without food for 40 days and still been able to learn much in that time

-Jesus prayed all night when trying to choose which to call as the 12 Apostles

-Pres. George Albert Smith would rise at 3 am to go help a poor bum not commit suicide

-recent Gen. Conf. Elder Scott said get a reasonable amount of sleep

-recent Gen. Conf. Elder Holland said we must pay for health if not now then later

-Oath and Covenant of the Priesthood involves a renewal of the flesh

-The Holy Ghost quickens and strengthens all things in your body

-The D&C teaches that we are expected to follow the righteous desires of our hearts and do much good of our own will

-Napoleon Bonaparte was asked how many hours sleep people need, he is said to have replied: “Six for a man, seven for a woman, eight for a fool.” https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-22084671

-The prolific inventor Thomas Edison slept three or four hours at night, regarding sleep as a waste of time, “a heritage from our cave days.”  http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/m/maas-sleep.html?scp=63&sq=sleep&st=Search

-there are many sources which suggest that Einstein, Tesla, Leo Da Vinci and many other past century geniuses did sleep for only a few hours per day or they took several naps of few minutes each, per day. https://www.quora.com/Did-Einstein-sleep-for-three-hours-a-year

-Leonardo da Vinci’s sleep schedule included 20-minute naps every four hours. Da Vinci followed an extreme form of a polyphasic sleep schedule called the Uberman sleep cycle, which consists of 20-minute naps every four hours.https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/14-bizarre-sleeping-habits-of-super-successful-people-a7002076.html 

-Every day at 5 p.m., the prime minister would drink a weak whiskey and soda before taking a two-hour nap. Churchill said this short “siesta” allowed him to get 1 1/2 days’ worth of work done every 24 hours. Churchill would often work through the night and became known as quite the night owl. Because of his irregular sleep schedule, he was said to hold War Cabinet meetings in his bath. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/14-bizarre-sleeping-habits-of-super-successful-people-a7002076.html

-The 19th-century novelist and poet Emily Bronte suffered from insomnia, and she would walk around her dining room table until she felt tired enough to fall asleep. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/14-bizarre-sleeping-habits-of-super-successful-people-a7002076.html

-Inventor Nikola Tesla got more out of the day with his limited sleep schedule. Like Da Vinci, Telsa also followed the Uberman sleep cycle and claimed to never sleep for more than two hours a day. He once reportedly worked for 84 hours straight in a lab without any rest. “I do not think there is any thrill that can go through the human heart like that felt by the inventor as he sees some creation of the brain unfolding to success … Such emotions make a man forget food, sleep, friends, love, everything,” he said.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/14-bizarre-sleeping-habits-of-super-successful-people-a7002076.html

-I have a sibling who maintained heavy credit hours in heavy subject matter with a 4.0 throughout high school, college, and graduate school. At least 1 semester he reported to sleep 4 hours a night on average. I asked him, “you have a legendary semester when you slept 4 hours on average. What are some things you did during that time to not go crazy and stay focused? I know you don’t use caffeine (which actually disables focus and endurance etc.)” His response, “If by “legendary” you mean horrible…The best advice is don’t do it.  My health/habits are still wrecked from it. Who says I didn’t go crazy?  Who says I successfully focused?  And any time I could, I slept.  4 hrs. just isn’t enough sleep. I don’t think I have any pointers on how to make it less miserable, since it was making me pretty miserable.  And it definitely can’t be done very long term.” He also reported that you can do anything you put your mind to.

-researchers are now questioning whether it’s bad to have more or less than 8 hours of sleep ( see medical lies article from Ioannidis found by Ann Tracy)

-age plays a factor in amount needed

-Julie Preece (BYU councilor) says need 8-10 hours

-Other psychologist at BYU said need 7.5-8 hrs.

-Some monks or something get average of 2 or 3 hours for have trained their bodies such

-anatomic clock

-can anatomic clock be trained?

-have goals and go by their completion rather than a clock

-nurse Marguerite Richardson said eat healthy no sugars if want power to stay awake longer

-paleo diet people in ancient bible lived much longer than we do .

-Curt Shattuck says you don’t want less than 6 hours of sleep

-economist Harold Douglas Morris says with sleep/late nights, that there comes a point of diminishing returns. AKA eventually getting less sleep does more harm than good.

-Dr. Hugh Nibley says to stay up until 2am doing studies, and laments how the lights don’t burn late at BYU. Nibley speaks of taking school more seriously. President Dallin H Oaks, Elder Neil A Maxwell, and others have spoken very highly of Hugh Nibley.

-When I took Biblical Hebrew classes from Dr. Stephen Ricks at BYU, he reported that he studied long and hard when in school, and that as a professor, he planned to remain teaching until he drooled. He and Dr. Donald Parry, another BYU Hebrew Professor, reportedly have a little game of who gets to campus earliest. They are usually there by 6am at the latest.

-Joseph Smith says ware out your lives in bringing hidden things to light

-LDS hymn more holiness give me says ‘more USED would I be’

-Joseph Richardson says don’t go to sleep until your homework due the following day is done

-President Packer says when he has a big project to do he goes to bed early and wakes up early to do it so he can be with the Lord

-the scripture says early to bed early to rise and cease to sleep longer than is NEEDFUL.

-varying circumstances probably alter what should be done

-if you feel bad continually about your current pattern, go get another one.

-we must work out our salvation, and do so until we feel that the Lord is satisfied with our efforts (and we find that out from the Lord by scripture study and especially prayer). Until then, it’s hand to the plow.

-it’s reported that the 12 Apostles work harder than anyone, why should this be? Indeed, they have instructed that we ought not wait for some big calling to come to us to give our all-in service

-the latter-day saints are long known for their industry

-Pres. Kimball went through many health trials, perhaps from wearing himself out, and this shows life is more than meat; that truly there are more important things to accomplish

-do the commandments like caring to the poor despite all.

-Elder Scott in a recent Conf. Report (2013?) Said that scripture study is more important than sleep

-use the opportunities only available to an American

-less than 8 hours of sleep can, for a young person, cause them to not retain what they were learning the day prior; (but one may have duties to do, and not need remember everything.)

-having constant headaches could be very bad for the health

-men are responsible for providing for their family, preaching the gospel, giving their family a nice home, fixing it up, etc.

-Pathophysiology professor Mary Cook wakes up at 4am each day, and doesn’t respond to late night or late evening emails.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes on Brain Food for Health Memory and Mood by Valerie Hall

This isn’t WFPB but still has some good insights. Fat from fish and oils etc. which she advocates will damage the heart, and anything that damages the heart damages the brain, leading to, among other things, Alzheimer’s disease.

 

-Valeriehallnutrition.com

-consultation: call 858-573-2515; email at valeriehall416@sbcglobal.net

-human brain is 60% fat, so beware what types of fat you eat.

-Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids are the best types of fat, found in fish and flax seed- this is her #1 recommendation for brain and depression

-seeds and nuts all have good fats including Omega 3

-organic and raw is better for you than roasted. Fresh roasted is better than store roasted.

-Olive Oil is a good fat, where it’s used most they have the least heart issues

-organic eggs are good, avoid pesticides and fertilizers thus.

-use butter not margarine

-avoid processed foods entirely

-go for zero trans-fat, and no hydrogenated oil. The reason we say saturated fats are bad is because they include hydrogenated oil.

-artificial fats are inflammatory, so not having them relieves pain

-frozen foods which were fried were often fried in old oil

-no corn syrup or high fructose corn syrup, these are very depression. Flour is also depressing.

-manmade carbs are bad, but real ones like veggies fruits and whole grains are good. No cookies or crackers.

-sugar is bad but artificial sweeteners are pure toxic. They have aspartame which is called NutraSweet. Many complaints to the FDA are from this. If this has been heated it’s even worse. They attack central nervous system, hence headaches come. Irritable bowel conditions can come from this. People can get addicted to this and it causes addiction to other sweets.

-saccharin is an artificial sweeter. Sucilos called Splenda is sugar treated with chlorine to change shape so we don’t absorb it but it hurts the thymus gland and liver

-artificial foods don’t serve the body in any way.

-soda and coffee are terrible; these are super acidic and interfere with serotonin in the brain! Serotonin is a neurotransmitter in the brain about feeling good, these force a large dump of these, which lift for a moment then a crash happens.

-artificial sweeteners and colors interfere with the natural priorities of the body.

-avoid the 2 paragraphs of not understood ingredients on processed foods

-science isn’t better than nature when it comes to food, our bodies seek nature not science.

-many prescription drugs are optional, hence the TV commercials. Some drugs are needed but the fewer chemicals in the body the better the body can selfheal and do all things well.

-there are 100’s of more nutrients in organic foods instead of commercial. i.e. 1500 g vs. 40 grams.

-she gets organic milk eggs cheese.

-no wonder we don’t like to eat much produce, we get commercial stuff which tastes much worse than organic

-seek fish from deep ocean water where it’s least polluted, like salmon caught in Alaska or Norway. The size and age of the fish on top of food chain: the higher up the worse. Shark and swordfish are on the top and hence have accumulated much bad. Trout is from lakes rivers and streams and not as pure as deep-sea fish.

-nearly all the farmed fish are exposed to hormones, antibiotics, corn and wheat which aren’t in its natural food supply, etc. Also there is pesticide run-off from the farms. The salmon in these need to be died red to look red since they usually look grey when farmed.

-get meat and chicken from health food stores where it’s hormone free.

-stevia is from a south American leaf, no calories nothing bad about it, a natural sweetener. A little of it flavors a lot. One company that sells it is “sweet leaf”

-use whole grains, not processed products; when they grind the fiber out it’s an empty food. Brown rice is better than white rice.

-book on fats “Fats that heal, Fats that kill” by Udo Erasmus

-85% of Americans are deficient in Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acid

-can get fish oil supplement, also flax seed supplement

-have a minimal of 1000mg of Omega 3 a day. Pain relief and anti-inflammatory and mood and depression and memory, focus, concentration, you want 2000-3000mg range. You can even do 6000mg of it a day. This also helps eye and development.

-fish oil is broken down into 2 components of Omega 3 oil, which are EPA and DHA

-if you take a supplement of the fish oil, take a meal with it to help digest, or a digestive supplement.

-flaxseed is a good alternative to fish oil for who are vegetarians.

-pharmacies are working on putting Omega 3 in their medications to increase effect.

-emotional outbursts, bipolar, and split personalities are helped when you have Omega 3

-the DHA helps esp. with memory and concentration, and apathy and social withdrawal

-ensure your Omega 3 supplement is pure and clean like Nordic Naturals company. Norway has the highest quality of fish and they don’t let the fish sit on deck a long time before getting the oils out.

-the products mentioned here are common ones easy to find

-there are Omega 3, 6, and 9, most American’s are fine with their 6 and 9 and just get a 3 supplement.

-flax seed must be ground; only grind what you’ll use within a few days; keep it in the refrigerator to keep it fresh as possible; start with about a half a tablespoon a day.

-digestive health translates into problems in the brain

-Memory Attention and Focus issues in the brain: circulation effects this; don’t want plaque clogging the arteries. Get rid of the plaque by Omega 3 which prevents such. Get rid of it by taking Silica (manages Calcium in the body putting it back onto the bone where it belongs); hawthorn berry helps also. Also circulation formulas are available, those are based on cyan pepper which helps with such.

-neurotransmitters make thoughts happen

-hormone imbalance in one area effects the entire body, namely the brain. Dr. can check on your hormone balance.

-insulin is a hormone, see if you have an issue with this. If you have low blood sugar it can bring on a panic attack.

-proteins and fats manage the neurotransmitters

-high blood sugar brings depression and irritation, low blood sugar brings panic attacks

-to remember something is to locate where we filed it away in the brain. Take classes on improving memory, this filing system.

-ADD and ADHD: these are primarily problems for children, but adults can have them also; can be in the bad food supply. Deep fried things get in the way, french fries and chicken fingers are.

-if you struggle with soda and coffee, try herbal tea.

-natural sparkle mineral water is a replacement for soda pop, put some stevia in it.

-don’t ask children what they want to eat; put a healthy meal in front of them and expect them to eat it. If you ask them what they want to eat, they will merely choose unhealthy things, the sweets and frieds etc.

-if you feed your children healthy, then they eat much sugar, they will feel ill, and it will be a natural lesson to show them the ill effect of sugar.

-artificial things cause artificial stimulation; getting back to natural food when you have been having processed food is hard

-“Nordic Naturals Children’s DHA” is a great supplement for brain and behavioral issues.

-children swallow better if they

-“Attention Gels by MRM” are good helping with the neurotransmission

-stress makes cortisol. Some make much of this from their stress and hence are very effected from stress. Breathe deeply, 10 deep ones, inhale to count of 8 through the mouth, hold for 4, then exhale all at once through the mouth. These help the brain and body let go. Breathing is a way that the body detoxifies so doing it helps.

-exercise relieves stress, even a few times a week. For a slow one try yoga. Try libraries for videos on yoga, ti-chi, etc.

-caffeine causes stress, as does sugar, because of the increase of serotonin then crash afterwards.

-low blood sugar issue: then eat frequently, have some protein and fat with each meal like cheese nuts etc.

-mood and depression: nutrition effects this in a huge way. Lack of sunlight causes seasonal affective disorder (SAD). There are some types of light bulbs which can help. 15 minutes a day in the sun without sunscreen is good UV rays that help us make vitamin D. Don’t get sunburn thought.

-thyroid imbalance effects the whole body

-adrenal glands are depleted by stress and sugar and caffeine. Try rhodiola and eleuthero herbs.

-OTC drugs and pharmaceutical drugs have big effect on us.

-when we can’t sleep it’s bad since that is the time of rebuilding, making neurotransmitters and hormones for the brain.

-when you all the sudden snore loudly at night, it means they have not breathed in about 30-60 minutes and you have sleep apnea.

-digestive problems like heavy metal toxicity, food sensitivities, build up in intestines, this effects mood and memory.

-depression impairs memory.

-volunteering help to others in your special interests is uplifting and helps the brian.

-actually practice positive thinking. Put your problems in a bag and leave them at the door then grit your teeth in a smile then an hour later you’ll improve. Smiling actually helps neurotransmitters in the brain. Put a rubber-band around your wrist to snap yourself whenever you are thinking negatively (*remember Patch Adams decided to be always happy and reports to have been such for years successfully). Don’t watch the news every night or you’ll be too depressed.

-exercise increases serotonin and endorphins in the brain, even walking around the block every day. Walk for 15 20 or 30 minutes a day and you’ll be better emotionally.

-keep your home clean and nice for you not cluttered to be uplifted. Set 15-20 minutes a day to clearing things up.

-if you don’t digest well it’s bad for brain memory and mood. Break down food to right particle size and pH level. Get a broad plant-based supplement like “All Zyme Double Strength”

-yeast overgrowth in intestines is candida; good bacteria in digestive track is eaten; when out of good bacteria, candida, bad bacteria, happens.

-inhaled cortisone drugs and birth control pills are worst for our good bacteria and our yeast.

– “Bifidus” or “aphidofilus” are the good things to get. Ethical Nutrients is a good brand for such. These fight candida and boost immune system. Sometimes lack of bifidus helps us not have bad gas, such being a lack of bifidus.

-too much candida and it gets in the intestines and makes cracks and holes in it letting bad things into the blood stream; this is linked to many autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lupus, chromes disease etc. Amino acid “L-Glutamine” fixes these holes in the intestines. This helps the brain get nourished as well. Use it a few months regularly then go down to a small maintenance dose.

-candida starts in digestive tract but can go to entire system, and may take a year of concerted effort to get rid of it. See a book on it from the library etc. Whole real foods can get rid of it. Garlic helps also, yeast hates garlic. Oregano oil and acrylic acid help also.

-if you do a cleanse to get rid of candida ensure you are including fiber in your diet.

-candida causes leaky gut syndrome which makes depression etc. It’s called the brain gut connection.

-with your meals take supplements of probiotics and digestive enzymes.

-flax seed helps digestive track stay normal

-vitamin E prevents fats in the body from oxidizing. Vit. E less than 1000mg a day is fine. Tocotrienols and tocopherols are two kinds, some products have both.

-a whole food multivitamin is recommended; like “Rainbow Light” supplement they combine herbs into it also.

-vit. B helps much, most multivitamins have this, but helping brain issues you may want to boost this.

-multimineral “Eidon Mineral Co.” has these. Minerals are more important for us than vitamins. The ground up form don’t absorb as much.

-green magma is a green supplement to go with green vegetables, not to replace them. It alkalizes, made from barley grass leaves. Barley Grass juice is the most nutrient dense food on the planet. Dry it with air not with heat so the enzymes aren’t damaged.

-for memory, use PS (phosphydital serene) which helps the thoughts jump from one neuron to another. Also use B complex for this as well as mood. B1 B3 B6 and B12 are the most important, can get a combination. Ginkgo B (biloba) is good but don’t take it with another blood thinner like Coumadin since this is a slight blood thinner

-“Brainspeed” is a product which helps. “Neuromax 2” is another good one.

-people are different and different things may help you not someone else.

-give children good probiotics; many children today have antibiotics frequently and we need reestablish the probiotics

-magnesium and calcium are good for tension anxiety etc.; magnesium helps muscles relax, calcium helps them contract; both are needed.

-if you jump when approached from behind being tapped on the shoulder, that is a big sign that you are low in magnesium

the military won’t even take people who have been on Ritalin for a certain amount of time because of the mental repercussions.

-holy basil can help with cortisol and stress. “Cortisol Balance by MRM” is a good product for this.

-“Relax Al by MRM” has magnolia bark, valerian root, and gaga, these help the brain relax. Gaba is particularly useful for those people who can’t get the wheels in their head to slow down.

-ashba honda is an Indian herb helping stress.

-5HTP is the ingredient in turkey which causes us to relax after eating such; it helps get normal eating patterns, and sleeping patterns, and lessens tension.

-large people should take the larger dose of these things, small people the smaller dose.

-cava cava treats anxiety and panic attacks it is an herb; but don’t use if you have liver problems or have anti-anxiety or anti-depression meds you are taking.

-valerian root can help with muscle spasms etc.; it works like a sledge hammer, too strong for some people, it will get you to sleep.

-bach flower essences are by Dr. Bach; essences for very specific type of things; has a combo called “rescue remedy”

-St Johns Wart is an herb very helpful for depression, many studies show it as helpful as pharmacies things.

-don’t take 5HTP if you’re taking anti-depression/anxiety meds

-sam E is a herb for mood disorders and joint pain

-“Happy Camper” by natural balance is herbal formula mix for happiness; using it ongoing you become insensitive to it; it has cava cava, and cola nut with some caffeine, and lavender. You take two a day.

-circulation to the brain use ginkgo and Silica by Eidon liquid minerals

-“Liver X” is a good thing by MRM to detoxify the whole body via detoxifying the liver

-chloreta is an algae that helps get heavy metals in the brain go away, these aluminum mercury lead etc. cause Alzheimer’s etc. We are most exposed to this during dental work or a month following. Chlorella for a month after these heavy metals is recommended.

-silica blocks heavy metals from getting absorbed; chlorella gets it out once it’s in.

 

 

 

Thyroid & Hashimoto Disease

If you don’t address hormone needs, diet and exercise won’t lose weight.

Hashimotos disease may be part of your thyroid issue, it often is. If this is the case, you would need a different dietary regimen. Run a TPA test to rule out Hashimotos.

TPA is thyroid producing antibodies, this test tells the level of antibodies in the thyroid, which tells amount of inflammation in the thyroid. If inflamed, you most likely have Hashimotos which is an inflammatory disorder.

If you have Hashimotos, you’ll need to make some large changes in the diet like cutting out gluten.

 

Many have reported remarkable benefits to thyroid issues when implementing a whole foods plant based (WFPB) diet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes on the Forks Over Knives Documentary

 

-avg American carries 23 extra pounds

-some meals are worse than eating an entire stick of butter

-Dr.’s say to eat less red and processed meat

-2120 calories in one sandwich

-40% of Americans are obese

-1/2 of Americans take some prescription drug

-about 1/5 4-year old’s are over weight

-we spend five times more for health care than national defense

-this generation may live shorter than their parents

-120 billion $/yr. medical in America

-1million die of cancer and heart disease in America per year

-every minute some dies of heart disease

-many researchers say we can prevent and reverse several of our worst diseases by having a whole food plant-based legumes and grains diet

Hippocrates said let food be thy medicine

-dietary cholesterol tends to stay in the blood stream, major cause of coronary disease, it’s found only in meat

-today over 5000 Americans annually go for heart bypass surgery from clogged arteries, this costs 100000 to each person

-in nations without dairy and meat there is less disease

-America is the sickest nation despite spending the most on healthcare

-in WW2 without meat and dairy there was much less strokes and heart attacks, then after the war we got the meat and dairy back and it went rocketed up again.

-many are fully functional in their 80’s and 90’s because of a diet of rice and vegetables

-studies show protein in meat causes cancer. The same amount of protein from plants causes no rise in cancer.

-cancer starts with genes, you can be born with it, or have mutations from chemicals you intake

-nutrients from animals promote cancer growth, while nutrients from plants don’t.

-unnaturally rich or processed food registers to our brains as not satiating us, so we think we aren’t full when we are

-unnatural highly concentrated processed foods hijack the pleasure process like drugs

-sugar fat and salt foods become addictions, they become drugs.

-many people believe that the pill must be relied on to survive

-when we switch to a plant-based diet, our cells and arteries which are damaged will not only stop getting worse, but they will heal.

-erectile dysfunction is the first indicator of cardiovascular disease and is healed by a plant based whole foods diet; the body isn’t compartmentalized- if you have disease someplace of your body, you have it everywhere.

-many people call this whole foods plant-based diet extreme, but the real extreme is having open heart surgery because of heart conditions, even sewing veins from your leg into your heart.

-Mac Danzig an MMA fighter is vegan. He says fighters needing to have fish and chicken is a myth. So it’s not just skinny hippies who are vegan. He says he feels better this way and gets better from his workouts faster.

-all whole foods have calcium, so we need not rely on milk. Osteoporosis is degenerating bones from lack of calcium, but actually nations with high calcium intake have high levels of hip fractures, a main indicator of osteoporosis.

-having low fat milk or fat free milk causes cancer because of the ratio of protein with it etc.

-cow milk is for cows not humans

-blood sugar in the 60’s is normal

-fear of progressing disease can leave

-physicians are shocked that we want to get off of our medications!

-FDA says what military and school students eat

-the “My Pyramid” which is currently in use which has replaced the old food pyramid still allows a terrible diet

-the schools have government subsidies from places which sell meats and dairies, hence there is much of that in public schools. Their policies favor the food industry.

-one woman is doing a triathlon in her 70’s; she once had breast cancer but cured it with the whole foods diet.

-redirecting the grain used to feed cattle could feed all hungry people on earth. It could feed 8.7 billion people.

-looking at the heart disease deaths in countries, those with more meat and dairy products have the highest.

-over 600000 deaths a year from heart disease

-Texans etc. have grilling teams, they eat meat for their sport! They associate eating meat with being manly

-52% of firefighters who die is from heart disease

-with just weeks of a vegan diet your heart disease chance can be cut in half.

-over 70% of calls to firefighters are for medical reasons

-one on the whole foods program for 20 weeks lost 45 lbs. and reversed diabetes

-you’ll sleep better and have less anxiety

-75% of health care fees are from chronic illness, which is from unhealthy diet.

-Dr. Campbell says we can cut healthcare costs by 80% with whole foods diet.

-Dr. Campbell has a book called • Whole: Rethinking the Science of Nutrition (2013)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquiring a Taste for Zion Culture

 

Taste buds adapt to lifestyle. Similarly, we can come away from Babylon culture and start to learn to love better culture. Like a fat person can learn to enjoy eating salad and other things which will bring savor and health, and the junk food becomes sour to his taste with time, and he weeps for the time he lost before transitioning to the higher lifestyle. This being said, we define Babylon culture as an attitude which mocks God and his laws; multiculturalism is a beautiful thing and we can embrace each other’s differences and learn from each other as we together learn to live the higher culture. I think heaven will have all sorts of song, dance, dress, etc., inasmuch as they are wholesome (and that rules out much of popular music of the last century). There is so much good out there we don’t need to bother with the bad.

 

Joseph Smith spoke of doctrine, that he can taste good doctrine, he said that we can too. Pray for discernment and follow the subtle guidance of the spirit to learn the ways of the kingdom of God.

 

 

 

 

Latter-day Saints Against Meat – editing

 

 

 

-this document is about how we eat too much meat.

D&C section 49 summary tells us “the eating of meat is approved”, but Hugh Nibley and many prophets have taught that there is a special blessing for those who refrain, and they have led by example by eating little to no meat. With the many philosophies today on diet and the scattered research and evil designs which can be easily inserted into those so-called scientific studies (it’s easy to manipulate data), our best hope is to cling to God’s revelation to us (D&C 89) while we’re waiting for the science to catch up and unify, and weed out the corruption from their field of study.

 

This document is to emphasize that we should however eat meat “sparingly” (D&C 89), such as in times of NEED. Need! I.e. to save your life. For example the D&C suggests that we eat meat in time of winter to get nutrients that aren’t available from plants which are out of season. I understand how many people don’t want to eat any meat these days, there are so many loaded hormones and preservatives and GMO’s and other wretched things that you don’t know what you’re getting. Though I don’t agree with everything they say, I’ve found much supportive materials on the subject from LDSveg.org, much of which I have shared here. Truly, as taught by prophets, we won’t eat any meat in the Millennium. There will be no death, nor violence.

 

-Why did Brigham Young encourage people to eat very little meat, and not at all in some circumstances? Perhaps it was to establish a cultural thing as well as health. Israel used to not eat shrimp, a thing that would set them apart as a community. This could be the same type of thing which Brigham was trying to establish- a culture of the community of the Saints that helped them stand out.

-Brigham Young said he doesn’t need a law to tell him that eating pork isn’t good for you.

 

-This could cause people to say, perhaps, “ah, these people don’t drink coffee. That’s odd. I wonder what else they don’t do and why…” which leads them to investigate the glorious truths of the gospel.

 

-B.Y. said he enjoys good wholesome cheese

 

-use meat “for to save your lives.” the scripture says

 

-“For the Lord worketh not in secret combinations, neither doth he will that man should shed blood, but in all things hath forbidden it, from the beginning of man.” (Ether 9:8)

 

-“And wo be unto man that sheddeth blood or that wasteth flesh and hath no need.” (D&C 49:21)

-much of the meat today: viruses, bacteria, parasites, prions, hormones, fats, genetic adultery, antigenic, autoimmune disease producing proteins, fats, and second-hand adulterating chemistry

Now here is the text compiled from ldsveg.org:

DISCOURSES OF BRIGHAM YOUNG.

Excerpts

Pages 115-116

The Millennium – The Millennium consists in this – every heart in the Church and Kingdom of God being united in one; the Kingdom increasing to the overcoming of everything opposed to the economy of heaven, and Satan being bound, and having a seal set upon him. All things else will be as they are now, we shall eat, drink, and wear clothing. 1:203.

When all nations are so subdued to Jesus that every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall confess, there will still be millions on the earth who will not believe in him; but they will be obliged to acknowledge his kingly government. 7:142.

Let the people be holy, and the earth under their feet will be holy. Let the people be holy, and filled with the Spirit of God, and every animal and creeping thing will be filled with peace; the soil of the earth will bring forth in its strength, and the fruits thereof will be meat for man. The more purity that exists, the less is the strife; the more kind we are to our animals, the more will peace increase, and the savage nature of the brute creation vanish away. If the people will not serve the Devil another moment whilst they live, if this congregation is possessed of that spirit and resolution, here in this house is the Millennium. Let the inhabitants of this city be possessed of that spirit, let the people of the territory be possessed of that spirit, and here is the Millennium. Let the whole people of the United States be possessed of that spirit and here is the Millennium, and so will it spread over all the world. 1:203.

Page 186
The Word of Wisdom – If you observe faithfully the Word of Wisdom, you will have your dollar, your five dollars, your hundred dollars, yea, you will have your hundreds of dollars to spend for that which will be useful and profitable to you. Why should we continue to practice in our lives those pernicious habits that have already sapped the foundation of the human constitution, and shortened the life of man to that degree that a generation passes away in the brief period of from twenty-seven to twenty-nine years? The strength, power, beauty and glory that once adorned that form and constitution of man have vanished away before the blighting influences of inordinate appetite and love of this world. The health and power and beauty that once adorned the noble form of man must again be restored to our race; and God designs that we shall engage in this great work of restoration. Then let us not trifle with our mission, by indulging in the use of injurious substances. These lay the foundation of disease and death in the systems of men, and the same are committed to their children, and another generation of feeble human beings is introduced into the world. Such children have insufficient bone, sinew, muscle, and constitution, and are of little use to themselves, or to their fellow creatures; they are not prepared for life. 12:118.

Pages 187-193
The fathers and mothers have laid the foundation for many of these diseases, from generation to generation, until the people are reduced to their present condition. True, some live to from fifty to ninety years of age, but it is an unusual circumstance to see a man an hundred years old, or a woman ninety. The people have laid the foundation of short life through their diet, their rest, their labor, and their doing this, that, and the other in a wrong manner, with improper motives, and at improper times. 2:269.

You, mothers and daughters in Israel, who are taking this course, how do you expect to live to accomplish the work the Lord has assigned you? You get up in the morning and have your cup of tea, your fried ham, your cold beef and mince pies, and everything you can possibly cram into the stomach, until you surfeit the system and lay the foundation for disease and earthly death. Says the mother – “Do eat, my little daughter, you are sick; take a piece of pie, toast, or meat, or drink a little tea or coffee; you must take something or other.” Mothers in Israel, such a course engenders disease, and you are laying a foundation that will cut off one-half or two-thirds of the lives of your children. 12:37.

Eating for Health – Instead of doing two days’ work in one day, wisdom would dictate to our sisters, and to every other person, that if they desire long life and good health, they must, after sufficient exertion, allow the body to rest before it is entirely exhausted. When exhausted, some argue that they need stimulants in the shape of tea, coffee, spirituous liquors, tobacco, or some of those narcotic substances which are often taken to goad on the lagging powers to greater exertions. But instead of these kind of stimulants they should recruit by rest. Work less, wear less, eat less, and we shall be a great deal wiser, healthier, and wealthier people than by taking the course we now do. It is difficult to find anything more healthy to drink than good cold water, such as flows down to us from springs and snows of our mountains. This is the beverage we should drink. It should be our drink at all times. If we constantly drink even malt liquor made from our barley and wheat, our health would be injured more or less thereby. It may be remarked that some men who use spirituous liquors and tobacco are healthy, but I argue that they would be much more healthy if they did not use it, and then they are entitled to the blessings promised to those who observe the advice given in the “Word of Wisdom.” Some few persons who have been addicted to the use of hot drinks, etc., have reached the age of eighty, eighty-three, and eighty-four years, but h they not been addicted to such habits of living they might have reached the age of an hundred or an hundred and five years. 12:122.

I do not mean to go without food and go to fasting. This is the other extreme. A sufficient amount of food that will agree with the stomach is healthy, and should be partaken of. Aged or middle aged, youth or children, never should go without food until their stomachs are faint, demanding something to sustain their systems, and continue to undergo this; for this lays the foundation of weakness, and this weakness will tempt disease. But keep the stomach in a perfectly healthy condition. Now I do not mean fasting, but eating moderately; and if my sisters will go home and commence to adopt this rule, you will find that you begin to get better, your children and neighbors will get better. We do not expect all to be free from sickness. I have had a great deal of sickness in my life. I do not expect to be free from ills, the weakness, debility and disease that prey upon the human family, but we can amend our ways, and amend our life by being prudent; and I wish the sisters to understand this, and to adopt these instructions. 19:68.

The citizens of this city are tolerably comfortable; a great many of them have an abundance of fruit, and they enjoy it. It is very healthy for them and their children to eat in the season thereof. 11:141.

As we got richer and built warm houses, and have lived more richly, indulging in sweet cake, plum pudding, roast beef and so on, we have had more or less disease among us. 13:142.

Go into their houses and you will find beef, pork, apple pie, custard pie, pumpkin pie, mince pie, and every luxury, and they live so as to shorten their days and the days of their children. You may think that these things are not of much importance; no more they are, unless they are observed, but let the people observe them and they lay the foundation for longevity, and they will begin to live out their days, not only a hundred years, but, by and by, hundreds of years on the earth. Do you think they will stuff themselves then with tea and coffee, and perhaps with a little brandy sling before breakfast and a little before going to bed, and then beef, pork, mutton, sweet meats, and pastry, morning, noon and night? No; you will find they will live as our first parents did, on fruits and on a little simple food, and they will never overload the stomach. 12:37.

Suppose I happen to say, “Come, wife, let us have a good dinner today;” what does she get? Pork and beef boiled, stewed, roasted, and fried potatoes, onions, cabbage and turnips, custard, eggs, pies of all kinds, cheese and sweet meats. 2:269 .

A thorough reformation is needed in regard to our eating and drinking, and on this point I will freely express myself, and shall be glad if the people will hear, believe and obey. If the people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven in regard to their diet they would cease eating swine’s flesh. I know this as well as Moses knew it, and without putting it in a code of commandments …(*1)… Who hinders you from cultivating fruit of every variety that will flourish in the different parts of this Territory? There has not been a day through the whole winter that I have not had fresh peaches, and plenty of apples and strawberries. Who hinders any person in this community from having these different kinds of food in their families? ..(*2)…if we except vegetables and fruit, and with them will become a very wholesome diet. 12:192.

When we go on a trip to the settlements and stop at the brethren’s houses, it is, “Brother Brigham, let us manifest our feelings towards you and your company.” I tell them to do so, but give me a piece of Johnny-cake; I would rather have it than their pies and tarts and sweet meats. Let me have something that will sustain nature and leave my stomach and whole system clear to receive the Spirit of the Lord and be free from headache and pains of every kind.

The Americans, as a nation, are killing themselves with their vices and high living. As much as a man ought to eat in half an hour they swallow in three minutes, gulping down their food like the canine quadruped under the table, which, when a chunk of meat is thrown down to it, swallows it before you can say “twice.” If you want a reform, carry out the advice I have just given you. Dispense with your multitudinous dishes, and, depend upon it, you will do much towards preserving your families from sickness, disease and death.
If this method were adopted in this community, I will venture to say that it would add ten years to the lives of our children. That is worth a great deal. 13:153-154.

If the days of man are to begin to return, we must cease all extravagant living. When men live to the age of a tree, their food will be fruit. Mothers, to produce offspring full of life and days, must cease drinking liquor, tea, and coffee, that their systems may be free from bad effects. If every woman in this Church will now cease drinking tea, coffee, liquor, and all other powerful stimulants, and live upon vegetables, etc., not many generations will pass away before the days of man will again return. But it will take generations to eradicate entirely the influences of deleterious substances. 8:63.

Living Out-of-Doors – People need not be afraid of living out-of-doors, nor sleeping out-of-doors. This country is much healthier than the lowlands in the States, or than many places in the Old World. 4:92.

Good pure air is the greatest sustainer of animal life. Other elements of life we can dispense with for a time, but this seems to be essential every moment; hence the necessity of well-ventilated dwelling-houses, especially the rooms occupied for sleeping. You can live without water and food longer than you can without air, and water is of more importance than meat and bread. 8:168.

The out-door air is what the people need for health, it is good for them to camp out. Close houses are injurious to the health; if our houses were every one of them leveled to the ground, and we were obliged to live in our wagons and tents, the people would be healthier, from year to year, than they are now. Good houses are comfortable and very convenient, and please our feelings, and are tolerably healthful when properly ventilated. 2:284.

What gives the people colds and makes them sick? You hear many say, “I had not had a cold this fall until I came into our new house.” Brethren and sisters that have come into the city from living in the canyons, and those who have arrived from the States this season, have not been troubled with colds until they came into warm houses; that gives them colds, by depriving their lungs of the benefit they are organized to receive from the atmosphere. 4:91.

We should have plenty of pure, fresh air. If children are kept in close bedrooms, they become puny and weakly. Let them sleep where they can have abundance of pure air, in well-ventilated rooms, or out-of-doors, in the summer time, in a safe place; it will be most beneficial for their health. 12:218.

Exercise and Mental Vigor – Do you know that it is your privilege so to live that your minds may all the time be perfectly within your control? Study to preserve your bodies in life and health, and you will be able to control your minds. 8:135.

My mind becomes tired, and perhaps some of yours do. If so, go and exercise your bodies. 6:148.

In the eastern country there was a man who used to go crazy, at times, and then come to his senses again. One of his neighbors asked him what made him go crazy; he replied, “I get to thinking, and thinking, until finally I think so far that I am not always able to think back again.” Can you think too much for the spirit which is put in the tabernacle? You can, and this is a subject which I wish the brethren instructed upon, and the people to understand. The spirit is the intelligent part of man, and is intimately connected with the tabernacle. Let this intelligent part labor to excess, and it will eventually overcome the tabernacle, the equilibrium will be destroyed, and the whole organization deranged. Many people have deranged themselves by thinking too much.

The thinking part is the immortal or invisible portion, and it is that which performs the mental labor; then the tabernacle, which is formed and organized for that express purpose, brings about or effects the result of that mental labor. Let the body work with the mind, and let them both labor fairly together, and, with but few exceptions, you will have a strong-minded, athletic individual, powerful both physically and mentally.

When you find the thinking faculty perfectly active, in a healthy person, it should put the physical organization into active operation, and the result of the reflection is carried out, and the object is accomplished. In such a person you will see mental and physical health and strength combined, in their perfection. 3:247.

As for health, it is far healthier to walk than to ride, and better every way for the people. 4:103.

Many persons are so constituted, that if you put them in a parlor, keep a good fire for them, furnish them tea, cake, sweet meats, etc., and nurse them tenderly, soaking their feet, and putting them to bed, they will die in a short time; but throw them into snow banks, and they will live a great many years. Brother Heywood would have been in his grave long ago, if he had not led an out-door life, and such is the case with others; but he is again here, and we have the privilege of seeing him. 4:295.

Physiological Differences – The study and practice of anatomy and surgery are very good; they are mechanical, and are frequently needed. Do you not think it is necessary to give medicine sometimes? Yes, I can see the faces of this congregation, but I do not see two alike; and if I could look into your nervous systems and behold the operations of disease, from the crowns of your heads to the soles of your feet, I should behold the same difference that I see in your physiognomy – there would be no two precisely alike. Doctors make experiments, and if they find a medicine that will have the desired effect on one person, they set it down that it is good for everybody, but it is not so, for upon the second person that medicine is administered to, seemingly with the same disease, it might produce death. If you do not know this, you have not had the experience that I have. I say that unless a man or woman who administers medicine to assist the human system to overcome disease, understands, and has that intuitive knowledge, by the Spirit, that such an article is good for that individual at that very time, they had better let him alone. Let the sick do without eating, take a little of something to cleanse the stomach, bowels and blood, and wait patiently, and let nature have time to gain the advantage over the disease. 15:225.

Feeding Children – Now, mothers, if you want to do good, do not let your sons and daughters drink either tea or coffee, while under your protection. 11:352.
Some mothers, when bearing children, long for tea and coffee, or for brandy and other strong drinks, and if they give way to that influence the next time they will want more, and the next still more, and thus lay the foundation for drunkenness in their offspring. An appetite is engendered, bred, and born in the child, and it is a miracle if it does not grow up a confirmed drunkard. 2:270.
Infants, children, youth, young men, and young women, thousands and tens of thousands of them, go to an untimely grave through the diseases engendered in their systems by their progenitors. 13:276.

Sisters, will you take notice, and instruct those who are not here today, to adopt this rule – stop your children from eating meat, and especially fat meat; let them have composition to drink, instead of unhealthy water; let them eat a little more porridge; let them eat sparingly and not oppress the stomach so as to create a fever. No matter whether it is a child or a middle-aged person, whenever the stomach is over-loaded and charged with more than is required it creates a fever; this fever creates sickness, until death relieves the sufferer. 19:68.
Many husbands are made sick and many children are sent to an untimely grave through eating badly prepared food, the result of ignorance or carelessness. 10:28.

Mothers, keep the children from eating meat; and let them eat vegetables that are fully matured, not unripe, and bread that is well-baked, not soft. Do not put your loaf into the oven with a fire hot enough to burn it before it is baked through, but with a slow heat, and let it remain until it is perfectly baked; and I would prefer, for my own eating, each and every loaf to be not thicker than my two hands – you tell how thick they are – and I would want the crust as thick as my hand. 19:67.
Be careful of your bodies; be prudent in laying out your energies, for when you are old you will need the strength and power you are now wasting. Preserve your lives. Until you know and practice this, you are not thoroughly good soldiers nor wise stewards. 8:136-137.

Page 155 – Unseal or Difficult Situations – “meat to save your lives”(see footnote DC:49:21a JST Gen 9:11)
When a person is placed in circumstances that he cannot possibly obtain one particle of anything to sustain life, it would then be his privilege to exercise faith in God to feed him, who might cause a raven to pick up a piece of dried meat from some quarter where there was plenty, and drop it over the famishing man. When I cannot feed myself through the means God has placed in my power, it is then time enough for him to exercise his providence in an unusual manner to administer to my wants. But while we can help ourselves, it is our duty to do so. If a Saint of God be locked up in prison, by his enemies, to starve to death, it is then time enough for God to interpose, and feed him. 1:108.)

Notes *1 and *2
As you will notice, in the full text printing (shown below), permission for some meat and dairy use was tolerated by Brigham in his struggled need to hold the delicate church and its fragile membership together. They were not always able to have the bounty or grand garden choices that we now have, and were also limited by their own stubbornness and traditions; and were without the science to prove the truth of those inspired nurturing changes that Prophet Joseph Smith and Brigham Young wanted desperately and wished to affect in them.
Forced to deal with the level of knowledge and resistance by the members, Brigham did, when he could not teach the highest law, in the press, give at least the slightly better option of family raised free range beef , home produced milk, naturally raised poultry or mountain fish, over the then growing slaughter-house production meats (already the wealth backbone industry of Missouri) – especially since he could not convince the saints to live in the fuller compliance or the “harder” parts of the word of wisdom which is “pleasing” unto the Lord and may have permitted the opening of the Millennium for those saints then, as Brigham desired! (see Millennium statement above) But, as usual, the saints exaggerate, bend, violate, even further compromising the Prophet’s most reasonable latitudes on the law.
Compromise has been the unfortunate and awful burden of every Prophet! Check how often in the scriptures their hands of pure truth have been tied and forced to constraint and hedging because of us, as they must, in painful patience, carefully lead spiritually new converts, along with old hard learning established members, in a line upon line, precept upon precept growth in the gospel in our arduously slow, bull-headed and resistant progress!. But in this critical day, we need to accelerate(*3) that process! – We are living in the most toxic, most animal diseased, most infectious, time of biological collapse – en mass – the world has ever experienced!
We need now to move forward briskly without having to be coaxed, begged, or dragged forward, by our Prophets, righteous teachers and honorable scientists! We need make their callings easier while preserve our own lives, by learning, changing, repenting, and progressing without having to be told, begged or commanded in every obvious and trivial detail! tlr

Note *3 “accelerate”
Rapid Movements in the Last Days – Do you understand that what the Lord will perform in the latter days will be done quicker than in the former days? He suffered Noah to occupy one hundred and twenty years in building the ark. Were he to command us to build an ark, he would not allow so long a time for completing it. 8:134.

So lets get busy healing – and helping others to heal, as well! tlr

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Full Text pages 182-193
CHAPTER XVI
DISCOURSES OF BRIGHAM YOUNG,
THE WORD OF WISDOM
Moderation – By temperance and moderation lay the foundation for the development of the mind. 19:68.
Indulgence of appetite is not worthy the notice of men and women, though the body must be sustained, for that is a duty God has placed upon us. 8:141.
Satisfying the appetite brings to an end the pleasure of eating; and where food is partaken of chiefly to gratify the pleasurable sensation derived from eating, disease is engendered, and true misery springs out of this unwise gratification. Some healthy, strong-constitutioned persons can eat large quantities of food with apparent impunity; but, in so doing, the tax they place upon their systems will ultimately bring disease and death. 8:139.
As I said to the brethren the other day in the Thirteenth Ward schoolhouse, with regard to worldly pleasure, comfort, and enjoyment: you may take as much as you please of the Spirit of the Lord, and it will not make your stomach or head ache. You may drink nine cups of strong spiritual drink, and it will not hurt you; but if you drink nine cups of strong tea, see what it will do for you. Let a person that is very thirsty and warm satiate his appetite with cold water, and when he gets through he will perhaps have laid the foundation for death, and may go to an untimely grave, which is frequently done. Excessive eating, drinking, or exercise all tend to the grave. 11:329.
The blessings of food, sleep, and social enjoyment are ordained of God for his glory and our benefit, and it is for us to learn to use them and not abuse them, that his Kingdom may advance on the earth, and we advance in it. 6:149.
The Word of Wisdom – This Word of Wisdom prohibits the use of hot drinks and tobacco. I have heard it argued that tea and coffee are not mentioned therein; that is very true; but what were the people in the habit of taking as hot drinks when that revelation was given? Tea and coffee. We were not in the habit of drinking water very hot, but tea and coffee – the beverages in common use. And the Lord said hot drinks are not good for the body nor the belly, liquor is not good for the body nor the belly, but for the washing of the body, etc. Tobacco is not good, save for sick cattle, and for bruises and sores, its cleansing properties being then very useful. 13:277.
I know that some say the revelations upon these points are not given by way of commandment. Very well, but we are commanded to observe every word that proceeds from the mouth of God. 13:3.
Now I want you should recollect – Bishops, Elders of Israel, High Priests, Seventies, the Twelve Apostles, the First Presidency, and all the House of Israel, hearken ye, O my people! keep the word of the Lord, observe the Word of Wisdom, sustain one another, sustain the household of faith, and let our enemies alone. 12:29.
Now, Elders of Israel, if you have a right to chew tobacco, you have a privilege I have not; if you have a right to drink whiskey, you have a right that I have not; if you have a right to transgress the Word of Wisdom, you have a right that I have not. 12:30.
I said to the Saints at our last annual Conference, the Spirit whispers to me to call upon the Latter-day Saints to observe the Word of Wisdom, to let tea, coffee, and tobacco alone, and to abstain from drinking spirituous drinks. This is what the Spirit signifies through me. If the Spirit of God whispers this to his people through their leader, and they will not listen nor obey, what will be the consequences of their disobedience? Darkness and blindness of mind with regard to the things of God will be their lot; they will cease to have the spirit of prayer, and the spirit of the world will increase in them in proportion to their disobedience until they apostatize entirely from God and his ways. 12:118.
In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, I command the Elders of Israel – those who have been in the habit of getting drunk – to cease drinking strong drink from this time henceforth. But some may think they need it as soon as they go out of this house. Let me be your physician in this matter. So long as you are able to walk and attend to your business, it is folly to say that you need ardent spirits to keep you alive. The constitution that a person has should be nourished and cherished; and whenever we take anything into the system to force and stimulate it beyond its natural capacity, it shortens life. I am physician enough to know that. When you are tired and think you need a little spirituous liquor, take some bread and butter or bread and milk, and lie down and rest. Do not labor so hard as to deem it requisite to get half drunk in order to keep up your spirits. If you will follow this counsel, you will be full of life and health, and you will increase your intelligence, your joy, and comfort. 7:337.
I now again request the authorities of this Church in their various localities to sever from this society those who will not cease getting drunk. 7:338.
It is my positive counsel and command that drinking liquor be stopped. If I had the influence the world gives me credit for, I would not have a single drunkard, thief, or liar in this society. I do not profess to have that influence, but I can raise my voice against those evils. 1:337.
This Word of Wisdom which has been supposed to have become stale, and not in force, is like all the counsels of God, in force as much today as it ever was. There is life, everlasting life in it – the life which now is and the life which is to come. 12:209.
It is a piece of good counsel which the Lord desires his people to observe, that they may live on the earth until the measure of their creation is full. This is the object the Lord had in view in giving that Word of Wisdom. To those who observe it he will give great wisdom and understanding, increasing their health, giving strength and endurance to the faculties of their bodies and minds until they shall be full of years upon the earth. This will be their blessing if they will observe his word with a good and willing heart and in faithfulness before the Lord. 12:156.
Mankind would not become attached to these unnecessary articles were it not for the poison they contain. The poisonous or narcotic properties in spirits, tobacco and tea are the cause of their being so much liked by those who use them. 13:276.
I say to all the Elders of Israel, if it makes you sick and so sleepy that you cannot keep out of bed unless you have tobacco, go to bed and there lie. How long? Until you can get up and go to your business-like rational men, like men who have heads on their shoulders and who are not controlled by their foolish appetites. I have said to my family, and I now say to all the sisters in the Church, if you cannot get up and do your washing without a cup of tea in the morning, go to bed, and there lie. How long? Until the influence of tea is out of the system. Will it take a month? No matter if it does; if it takes three months, six months, or a year, it is better to lie there in bed until the influence of tea, coffee and liquor is out of the system, so that you may go about your business-like rational persons, than to give way to these foolish habits. They are destructive to the human system; they filch money from our pockets, and they deprive the poor of the necessaries of life. 13:278.
The sisters may inquire, “What can we do?” Rule your own passions, and exercise faith until you can govern and control your appetites, instead of drinking tea, coffee, and hot drinks. That is one of the smallest duties I can think of. Permit your bodies to have natural forms; also take pains to have the bodies of your daughters grow naturally, and teach them what they are made for, and that they, through faith, must overcome every besetting sin and every unholy passion and appetite. 8:283.
And now that we have commenced to observe the Word of Wisdom, never treat resolution with a cup of tea or coffee, for as sure as you treat resolution once, it will plead hard for a treat again. Keep the Word of Wisdom – help the poor, feed the hungry, and clothe the naked. Never let it be said of the Territory of Utah that a poor person had to go to the second house for a morsel to eat. 12:54-55.
Many of our sisters think they cannot live without tea: I will tell you what we can do – I have frequently said it to my brethren and sisters – if they cannot live without tea, coffee, brandy, whisky, wine, beer, tobacco, etc., they can die without them. This is beyond controversy. If we had the determination that we should have, we would live without them or die without them. Let the mother impregnate her system with these narcotic influences when she is bringing forth a family on the earth, and what does she do? She lays the foundation of weakness, palpitation of the heart, nervous affections, and many other ills and diseases in the system of her offspring that will afflict them from the cradle to the grave. Is this righteous or unrighteous, good or evil? Let my sisters ask and answer the question for themselves, and the conclusion which each and every one of them may come to is this, “If I do an injury to my child, I sin.” 13:276.
Last week I received a note in which was enclosed three dollars from a sister; I cannot tell her name, for she did not give it. She said she had not drunk any tea since Conference, and she had saved about three dollars, which she enclosed for me to do good with. I felt “God bless her,” and she will be blessed as sure as she lives. 12:52.
If you observe faithfully the Word of Wisdom, you will have your dollar, your five dollars, your hundred dollars, yea, you will have your hundreds of dollars to spend for that which will be useful and profitable to you. Why should we continue to practice in our lives those pernicious habits that have already sapped the foundation of the human constitution, and shortened the life of man to that degree that a generation passes away in the brief period of from twenty-seven to twenty-nine years? The strength, power, beauty and glory that once adorned that form and constitution of man have vanished away before the blighting influences of inordinate appetite and love of this world. The health and power and beauty that once adorned the noble form of man must again be restored to our race; and God designs that we shall engage in this great work of restoration. Then let us not trifle with our mission, by indulging in the use of injurious substances. These lay the foundation of disease and death in the systems of men, and the same are committed to their children, and another generation of feeble human beings is introduced into the world. Such children have insufficient bone, sinew, muscle, and constitution, and are of little use to themselves, or to their fellow creatures; they are not prepared for life. 12:118.
A man who indulges in any habit that is pernicious to the general good in its example and influence, is not only an enemy to himself but to the community so far as the influence of that habit goes. A man who would not sacrifice a pernicious habit for the good it would do the community is, to say the least of it, lukewarm in his desires and wishes for public and general improvement.
So we see that almost the very first teachings the first Elders of this Church received were as to what to eat, what to drink, and how to order their natural lives that they might be united temporally as well as spiritually. This is the great purpose which God has in view in sending to the world, by his servants, the Gospel of life and salvation. 12:158.
There is more strength and nutriment in a bowl of water gruel than there is in tea; and there is no unhealthy influence in the water gruel, but there is in tea and coffee. 11:350.
Live Long – Take care of yourselves, and live as long as you can, and do all the good you can. 4:302.
The first principle that pertains to the intelligence God has bestowed upon us is to know how to preserve the present organization with which we are endowed. It is man’s first duty to his existence, a knowledge of which would cause him to use all prudent efforts for the preservation of his life on the earth until his work here is completed. 8:281.
Prepare to die, is not the exhortation in this Church and Kingdom; but prepare to live is the word with us, and improve we can in the life hereafter, wherein we may enjoy a more exalted condition of intelligence, wisdom, light, knowledge, power, glory, and exaltation. Then let us seek to extend the present life to the uttermost, by observing every law of health, and by properly balancing labor, study, rest, and recreation, and thus prepare for a better life. Let us teach these principles to our children, that, in the morning of their days, they may be taught to lay the foundation of health and strength and constitution and power of life in their bodies. 11:132.
This is the duty of the human family, instead of wasting their lives and the lives of their fellow-beings, and the precious time God has given us to improve our minds and bodies by observing the laws of life, so that the longevity of the human family may begin to return. By and by, according to the Scriptures, the days of a man shall be like the days of a tree. But in those days people will not eat and drink as they do now; if they do their days will not be like a tree, unless it be a very short-lived tree. This is our business. 14:89.
We are trying to become natural in our habits, and are striving to fulfil the end and design of our creation. 13:233.
The fathers and mothers have laid the foundation for many of these diseases, from generation to generation, until the people are reduced to their present condition. True, some live to from fifty to ninety years of age, but it is an unusual circumstance to see a man an hundred years old, or a woman ninety. The people have laid the foundation of short life through their diet, their rest, their labor, and their doing this, that, and the other in a wrong manner, with improper motives, and at improper times. 2:269.
You, mothers and daughters in Israel, who are taking this course, how do you expect to live to accomplish the work the Lord has assigned you? You get up in the morning and have your cup of tea, your fried ham, your cold beef and mince pies, and everything you can possibly cram into the stomach, until you surfeit the system and lay the foundation for disease and earthly death. Says the mother – “Do eat, my little daughter, you are sick; take a piece of pie, toast, or meat, or drink a little tea or coffee; you must take something or other.” Mothers in Israel, such a course engenders disease, and you are laying a foundation that will cut off one-half or two-thirds of the lives of your children. 12:37.
Eating for Health – Instead of doing two days’ work in one day, wisdom would dictate to our sisters, and to every other person, that if they desire long life and good health, they must, after sufficient exertion, allow the body to rest before it is entirely exhausted. When exhausted, some argue that they need stimulants in the shape of tea, coffee, spirituous liquors, tobacco, or some of those narcotic substances which are often taken to goad on the lagging powers to greater exertions. But instead of these kind of stimulants they should recruit by rest. Work less, wear less, eat less, and we shall be a great deal wiser, healthier, and wealthier people than by taking the course we now do. It is difficult to find anything more healthy to drink than good cold water, such as flows down to us from springs and snows of our mountains. This is the beverage we should drink. It should be our drink at all times. If we constantly drink even malt liquor made from our barley and wheat, our health would be injured more or less thereby. It may be remarked that some men who use spirituous liquors and tobacco are healthy, but I argue that they would be much more healthy if they did not use it, and then they are entitled to the blessings promised to those who observe the advice given in the “Word of Wisdom.” Some few persons who have been addicted to the use of hot drinks, etc., have reached the age of eighty, eighty-three, and eighty-four years, but h they not been addicted to such habits of living they might have reached the age of an hundred or an hundred and five years. 12:122.
I do not mean to go without food and go to fasting. This is the other extreme. A sufficient amount of food that will agree with the stomach is healthy, and should be partaken of. Aged or middle aged, youth or children, never should go without food until their stomachs are faint, demanding something to sustain their systems, and continue to undergo this; for this lays the foundation of weakness, and this weakness will tempt disease. But keep the stomach in a perfectly healthy condition. Now I do not mean fasting, but eating moderately; and if my sisters will go home and commence to adopt this rule, you will find that you begin to get better, your children and neighbors will get better. We do not expect all to be free from sickness. I have had a great deal of sickness in my life. I do not expect to be free from ills, the weakness, debility and disease that prey upon the human family, but we can amend our ways, and amend our life by being prudent; and I wish the sisters to understand this, and to adopt these instructions. 19:68.
The citizens of this city are tolerably comfortable; a great many of them have an abundance of fruit, and they enjoy it. It is very healthy for them and their children to eat in the season thereof. 11:141.
As we got richer and built warm houses, and have lived more richly, indulging in sweet cake, plum pudding, roast beef and so on, we have had more or less disease among us. 13:142.
Go into their houses and you will find beef, pork, apple pie, custard pie, pumpkin pie, mince pie, and every luxury, and they live so as to shorten their days and the days of their children. You may think that these things are not of much importance; no more they are, unless they are observed, but let the people observe them and they lay the foundation for longevity, and they will begin to live out their days, not only a hundred years, but, by and by, hundreds of years on the earth. Do you think they will stuff themselves then with tea and coffee, and perhaps with a little brandy sling before breakfast and a little before going to bed, and then beef, pork, mutton, sweet meats, and pastry, morning, noon and night? No; you will find they will live as our first parents did, on fruits and on a little simple food, and they will never overload the stomach. 12:37.
Suppose I happen to say, “Come, wife, let us have a good dinner today;” what does she get? Pork and beef boiled, stewed, roasted, and fried potatoes, onions, cabbage and turnips, custard, eggs, pies of all kinds, cheese and sweet meats. 2:269.
A thorough reformation is needed in regard to our eating and drinking, and on this point I will freely express myself, and shall be glad if the people will hear, believe and obey. If the people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven in regard to their diet they would cease eating swine’s flesh. I know this as well as Moses knew it, and without putting it in a code of commandments. The beef fed upon our mountain grasses is as healthy food as we need at present. Beef, so fattened, is as good as wild meat, and is quite different in its nature from stall-fed meat. But we can eat fish; and I ask the people of this community, Who hinders you from raising fowls for their eggs? Who hinders you from cultivating fruit of every variety that will flourish in the different parts of this Territory? There has not been a day through the whole winter that I have not had fresh peaches, and plenty of apples and strawberries. Who hinders any person in this community from having these different kinds of food in their families? Fish is as healthy a food as we can eat, if we except vegetables and fruit, and with them will become a very wholesome diet. 12:192.
When we go on a trip to the settlements and stop at the brethren’s houses, it is, “Brother Brigham, let us manifest our feelings towards you and your company.” I tell them to do so, but give me a piece of Johnny-cake; I would rather have it than their pies and tarts and sweet meats. Let me have something that will sustain nature and leave my stomach and whole system clear to receive the Spirit of the Lord and be free from headache and pains of every kind.
The Americans, as a nation, are killing themselves with their vices and high living. As much as a man ought to eat in half an hour they swallow in three minutes, gulping down their food like the canine quadruped under the table, which, when a chunk of meat is thrown down to it, swallows it before you can say “twice.” If you want a reform, carry out the advice I have just given you. Dispense with your multitudinous dishes, and, depend upon it, you will do much towards preserving your families from sickness, disease and death.
If this method were adopted in this community, I will venture to say that it would add ten years to the lives of our children. That is worth a great deal. 13:153-154.
If the days of man are to begin to return, we must cease all extravagant living. When men live to the age of a tree, their food will be fruit. Mothers, to produce offspring full of life and days, must cease drinking liquor, tea, and coffee, that their systems may be free from bad effects. If every woman in this Church will now cease drinking tea, coffee, liquor, and all other powerful stimulants, and live upon vegetables, etc., not many generations will pass away before the days of man will again return. But it will take generations to eradicate entirely the influences of deleterious substances. 8:63.
Living Out-of-Doors – People need not be afraid of living out-of-doors, nor sleeping out-of-doors. This country is much healthier than the lowlands in the States, or than many places in the Old World. 4:92.
Good pure air is the greatest sustainer of animal life. Other elements of life we can dispense with for a time, but this seems to be essential every moment; hence the necessity of well ventilated dwelling-houses, especially the rooms occupied for sleeping. You can live without water and food longer than you can without air, and water is of more importance than meat and bread. 8:168.
The out-door air is what the people need for health, it is good for them to camp out. Close houses are injurious to the health; if our houses were every one of them leveled to the ground, and we were obliged to live in our wagons and tents, the people would be healthier, from year to year, than they are now. Good houses are comfortable and very convenient, and please our feelings, and are tolerably healthful when properly ventilated. 2:284.
What gives the people colds and makes them sick? You hear many say, “I had not had a cold this fall until I came into our new house.” Brethren and sisters that have come into the city from living in the canyons, and those who have arrived from the States this season, have not been troubled with colds until they came into warm houses; that gives them colds, by depriving their lungs of the benefit they are organized to receive from the atmosphere. 4:91.
We should have plenty of pure, fresh air. If children are kept in close bedrooms, they become puny and weakly. Let them sleep where they can have abundance of pure air, in well-ventilated rooms, or out-of-doors, in the summer time, in a safe place; it will be most beneficial for their health. 12:218.
Exercise and Mental Vigor – Do you know that it is your privilege so to live that your minds may all the time be perfectly within your control? Study to preserve your bodies in life and health, and you will be able to control your minds. 8:135.
My mind becomes tired, and perhaps some of yours do. If so, go and exercise your bodies. 6:148.
In the eastern country there was a man who used to go crazy, at times, and then come to his senses again. One of his neighbors asked him what made him go crazy; he replied, “I get to thinking, and thinking, until finally I think so far that I am not always able to think back again.” Can you think too much for the spirit which is put in the tabernacle? You can, and this is a subject which I wish the brethren instructed upon, and the people to understand. The spirit is the intelligent part of man, and is intimately connected with the tabernacle. Let this intelligent part labor to excess, and it will eventually overcome the tabernacle, the equilibrium will be destroyed, and the whole organization deranged. Many people have deranged themselves by thinking too much.
The thinking part is the immortal or invisible portion, and it is that which performs the mental labor; then the tabernacle, which is formed and organized for that express purpose, brings about or effects the result of that mental labor. Let the body work with the mind, and let them both labor fairly together, and, with but few exceptions, you will have a strong-minded, athletic individual, powerful both physically and mentally.
When you find the thinking faculty perfectly active, in a healthy person, it should put the physical organization into active operation, and the result of the reflection is carried out, and the object is accomplished. In such a person you will see mental and physical health and strength combined, in their perfection. 3:247.
As for health, it is far healthier to walk than to ride, and better every way for the people. 4:103.
Many persons are so constituted, that if you put them in a parlor, keep a good fire for them, furnish them tea, cake, sweet meats, etc., and nurse them tenderly, soaking their feet, and putting them to bed, they will die in a short time; but throw them into snow banks, and they will live a great many years. Brother Heywood would have been in his grave long ago, if he had not led an out-door life, and such is the case with others; but he is again here, and we have the privilege of seeing him. 4:295.
Physiological Differences – The study and practice of anatomy and surgery are very good; they are mechanical, and are frequently needed. Do you not think it is necessary to give medicine sometimes? Yes, I can see the faces of this congregation, but I do not see two alike; and if I could look into your nervous systems and behold the operations of disease, from the crowns of your heads to the soles of your feet, I should behold the same difference that I see in your physiognomy – there would be no two precisely alike. Doctors make experiments, and if they find a medicine that will have the desired effect on one person, they set it down that it is good for everybody, but it is not so, for upon the second person that medicine is administered to, seemingly with the same disease, it might produce death. If you do not know this, you have not had the experience that I have. I say that unless a man or woman who administers medicine to assist the human system to overcome disease, understands, and has that intuitive knowledge, by the Spirit, that such an article is good for that individual at that very time, they had better let him alone. Let the sick do without eating, take a little of something to cleanse the stomach, bowels and blood, and wait patiently, and let nature have time to gain the advantage over the disease. 15:225.
Feeding Children – Now, mothers, if you want to do good, do not let your sons and daughters drink either tea or coffee, while under your protection. 11:352.
Some mothers, when bearing children, long for tea and coffee, or for brandy and other strong drinks, and if they give way to that influence the next time they will want more, and the next still more, and thus lay the foundation for drunkenness in their offspring. An appetite is engendered, bred, and born in the child, and it is a miracle if it does not grow up a confirmed drunkard. 2:270.
Infants, children, youth, young men, and young women, thousands and tens of thousands of them, go to an untimely grave through the diseases engendered in their systems by their progenitors. 13:276.
Sisters, will you take notice, and instruct those who are not here today, to adopt this rule – stop your children from eating meat, and especially fat meat; let them have composition to drink, instead of unhealthy water; let them eat a little more porridge; let them eat sparingly and not oppress the stomach so as to create a fever. No matter whether it is a child or a middle-aged person, whenever the stomach is over-loaded and charged with more than is required it creates a fever; this fever creates sickness, until death relieves the sufferer. 19:68.
Many husbands are made sick and many children are sent to an untimely grave through eating badly prepared food, the result of ignorance or carelessness. 10:28.
Children should have milk, bread, water, and potatoes; and everything that would lay the foundation for disease should be strenuously kept from their stomachs, that no appetites may be formed for pernicious substances, which, when formed, cannot be overcome easily, if at all. 2:21.
I will tell you how you can enjoy health. You let your children have a little milk in the morning. Give them a little bread with it – not soft bread, teach your children to eat crust – hard-baked bread, that the Americans would call stale, but the English would not. Teach them to eat this, and to eat sparingly. Instead of drinking unhealthy water, boil such water, and let it stand until it is cool. If the children are in the least troubled with summer complaint, and are weak in their bowels, make a weak composition tea, sweeten it with loaf sugar and put a little nice cream in it; and let the children make a practice of drinking composition instead of cold water. Mothers, keep the children from eating meat; and let them eat vegetables that are fully matured, not unripe, and bread that is well-baked, not soft. Do not put your loaf into the oven with a fire hot enough to burn it before it is baked through, but with a slow heat, and let it remain until it is perfectly baked; and I would prefer, for my own eating, each and every loaf to be not thicker than my two hands – you tell how thick they are – and I would want the crust as thick as my hand. 19:67.
Be careful of your bodies; be prudent in laying out your energies, for when you are old you will need the strength and power you are now wasting. Preserve your lives. Until you know and practice this, you are not thoroughly good soldiers nor wise stewards. 8:136-137.

– end –

–Brigham Young: Priesthood and Relief Society Manual,

Printed 1997; page 333, bottom half of page:

The Millennium will be a time of unity and peace…

The Millennium consists in this — every heart in the Church and Kingdom of God united in one; the Kingdom increasing to the overcoming of everything opposed to the economy of heaven, and Satan being bound, and having a seal set upon him. All things else will be as they are now, we shall eat, drink, and wear clothing. (DBY, 115)

Let the people be holy, and the earth under their feet will be holy. Let the people be holy, and filled with the Spirit of God, and every animal and creeping thing will be filled with peace; and the soil of the earth will bring forth in its strength, and the fruits thereof will be meat for man. The more purity that exists, the less is the strife; the more kind we are to our animals, the more will peace increase, and the savage nature of the brute creation vanish away. If the people will not serve the Devil another moment whilst they live, if this congregation is possessed of that spirit and resolution, here in this house is the Millennium. Let the people of this city be possessed of that spirit, let the people of this territory be possessed of that spirit, and here is the Millennium. Let the whole people…be possessed of that spirit, and here is the Millennium, and so will it spread over all the world.(DBY, 115-16)

–Times and Seasons; Hyrum Smith “Truth Will Prevail” [VOLUME 3, p. 799]

TIMES AND SEASONS

“TRUTH WILL PREVAIL.”

[VOL. III. No. 15.] CITY OF NAUVOO. ILL. JUNE 1, 1842. [Whole No. 5]

THE WORD OF WISDOM.

(‘The Engine of Health‘)

We had a very instructive, impressive, and salutary discourse delivered us in the City of Nauvoo, last Sabbath on the above subject, to a large and attentive congregation, by Pres’t. Hyrum Smith.

He stated “that there were many of the commands of God that seemed to be overlooked by this generation, and he was fearful that many of the Latter Day Saints in this respect were following their old traditions, and former practices of spiritualizing the word of God, and through a vain philosophy departing from the pure principles of eternal truth which God had given by revelation for the salvation of the human family; but, that every word of God is an importance, whether it be the word contained in the Bible, in the Book of Mormon, or in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, for ‘man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth from the mouth of God.’ The principles that are taught in the Bible are pure, and ought to be adhered too; and if people adhere to that teaching it will prove their salvation. The principles that are taught in the Book of Mormon are also pure, and holy and righteous, and will if followed lead men to God. And the principles that are taught in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, are from God, they are principles of righteousness; — they are given for a blessing to the human family, and the salvation, temporal and spiritual, of his saints; and that man who wantonly departs from any of the revelations of Jehovah, and treats lightly the word of God, whether contained in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, the Book of Mormon, or the Bible, is void of understanding: he is not wise concerning the doings of the Lord, the plan of salvation, the past dealings, present designs, or future purposes of the Almighty. The God of the armies of Israel is a wise God, he comprehended the end from beginning, and adapted his plans, his designs and teaching, to the peculiar wants, the local situation, the exigences of mankind; and the present and future good of the human family; and every thing that he has deigned to notice by way of instruction to the children of men, is given by infinite wisdom; by the intelligence of Jehovah; and if obeyed, when his designs shall be fully unravelled, it will be seen that there was wisdom in it beyond the comprehension of man in his present state.

When God first made man upon the earth, he was a different being entirely to what he now is; his body was strong, athletic, robust, and healthy; his days were prolonged upon the earth; he lived nearly one thousand years, his mind was vigorous and active, and his intellectual faculties clear and comprehensive, but he has become degenerated; his life has dwindled to a span; disease preys upon his system; his body is enervated and feeble; and his mentle and intellectual faculties are impaired, and weakened; and man is not now that dignified, noble, majestic, honorable, and mighty being that he was when he first proceded from the hands of his maker.

The Lord has in his wise designs revealed unto us his will; he has made known unto us his future purposses; he has told us as he did his ancient prophets that the ‘earth shall be redeemed — that the curse shall be removed from it — that the wolf and the lamb shall lie down together — that the lion shall eat straw like the ox; — and that they shall not hurt nor destroy — that the knowledge of the Lord shall cover the earth, as the waters covers the sea’ — that man’s days shall be as ‘the days of a tree,’ that he shall again live one thousand years on the earth — this is the ‘time of the restoration of all things,’ and this has got to be brought about by the wisdom and power of God, and the wisdom, obedience and faith of man combined.

Every thing has become degenerated from what it was in its primitive state; ‘God made man pure, but he has found out many inventions:’ his vices have become innumerable, and his diseases multiplied; his taste has become vitiated, and his judgment impaired; he has fallen — fallen — fallen, from that dignified state that he once occupied on the earth; and it needs a restorative that man has not in his possession — wisdom which is beyond the reach of human intellect; — and power which human philosophy, talent and ingenuity cannot control. God only is acquainted with the fountain of action, and the main springs of human events; he knows where disease is seated, and what is the cause of it; — he is also acquainted with the spring of health; the balm of Gilead — of life; he knows what course to pursue to restore mankind to their pristine excellency and primitive vigour, and health; and he has appointed the word of wisdom as one of the engines to bring about this thing, to remove the beastly appetites, the murderous disposition and the vitiated taste of man; to restore his body to health, and vigour, promote peace between him and the brute creation, and as one of the little wheels in God’s designs, to help to regulate the great machinery, which shall eventually revolutionize the earth, and bring about the restoration of all things, and when they are restored he will plant ‘the tree of life, whose leaves shall be for the healing of the nations.’

The Lord has told us what is good for us to eat, and to drink, and what is pernicious; but some of our wise philosophers, and some of our elders too, pay no regard to it; they think it too little, too foolish, for wise men to regard — fools! where is their wisdom, philosophy and intelligence? from whence did they obtain their superior light? Their capacity, and their power of reasoning was given them by the great Jehovah: if they have any wisdom they obtained it from him: and have they grown so much wiser than God that they are going to instruct him in the path of duty, and to tell him what is wise, and what is foolish. They think it too small for him to condescend to tell men what will be nutritious or what will be unhealthy. Who made the corn, the wheat, the rye, and all the vegetable substances? and who was it that organized man, and constituted him as he is found? who made his stomach, and his digestive organs, and prepared proper nutriment for his system, that the juices of his body might be supplied; and his form be invigorated by that kind of food which the laws of nature, and the laws of God has said would be good for man? And has God made his food, and provided it for the use of man; and shall he be ashamed to speak of the work of his hands: has he become so fantastical, so foolish, so weak and effeminate, that it has become impolitic for him to tell what is the best distribution to make of the work of his hands? Oh shame! let it not be heard among the saints; let that man who inculcates such principles hide his face. We are told by some that circumstances alter the revelations of God — tell me what circumstances would alter the ten commandments? they were given by revelation — given as a law to the children of Israel — who has a right to alter that law? Some think that they are too small for us to notice, they are not too small for God to notice, and have we got so high, so bloated out, that we cannot condescend to notice things that God has ordained for our benefit? or have we got so weak that we are not fit to be called saints? for the word of wisdom is adapted to the capacity of all that ‘are or can be called saints.’

Listen not to the teaching of any man, or any elder who says the word of wisdom is of no moment; for such a man will eventually be overthrown. These are principles that I have always acted upon; that I have always practiced; and they are what my family practices; they are what Brother Hyrum has always contended for, and what I now contend for; and I know that nothing but an unwavering, undeviating course can save a man in the kingdom of God.

The Lord has told us that ‘Strong drinks are not good,’ who is it that will say they are? when the Lord says they are not. That man who says ‘I can drink wine or strong drink, and it not hurt me,’ is not wise. But some will say, ‘I know that it did me good, for I was fatigued, and feeble, on a certain occasion, and it revived me, and I was invigorated thereby, and that is sufficient proof for me:’ It may be for you, but it would not be for a wise man, for every spirit of this kind will only produce a greater langor when its effects cease to operate upon the human body. But you know that you are benefited, yes, so does the man who has mortgaged his property, know that he is relieved from his present embarrassments; but his temporary relief only binds the chords of bondage more severely around him. The Lord has not ordained strong drink for the belly; ‘but for the washing of your bodies.’ And again ‘tobacco is not for the body, neither for the belly; and it is not good for man; but as an herb for bruises, and all sick cattle, to be used with judgment and skill.’ Tobacco is a nauseous, stinking, abominable thing, and I am surprised that any human being should think of using it — for an elder especially to eat, or smoke it, is a disgrace to him; — he is not fit for the office, he ought first to learn to keep the word of wisdom, and then to teach others. God will not prosper the man who uses it. And again ‘hot drinks are not for the body, or belly;’ there are many who wonder what this can mean; whether it refers to tea, or coffee, or not. I say it does refer to tea, and coffee. Why is it that we are frequently so dull and languid? it is because we break the word of wisdom, disease preys upon our system, our understandings are darkened, and we do not comprehend the things of God; the devil takes advantage of us, and we fall into temptation. Not only are they injurious in their tendency, and baneful in their effects, but the importation of foreign products might be the means of thousands of our people being poisoned at a future time, through the advantage that an enemy might take of us, if we made use of these things that are thus spoken of as being evil; and be it remembered — that this instruction is given ‘in consequence of evils that do and will exist in the hearts of conspiring men.’

‘And again, verily I say unto you, all wholesome herbs God hath ordained for the constitution, nature and use of man. Every herb in the season thereof, and every fruit in the season thereof. All these to be used with prudence and thank giving. Yea, flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the air, I the Lord hath ordained for the use of man with thanksgiving. Nevertheless, they are to be used sparingly; and it is pleasing unto me, that they should not be used only in times of winter or of cold, or famine. All grain is ordained for the use of man, and of beasts, to be the staff of life, not only for man, but for the beasts of the field, and the fowls of heaven, and all wild animals that run or creep on the earth; and these hath God made for the use of man only in times of famine, and excess of hunger.’

Let men attend to these instructions, let them use the things ordained of God; let them be sparing of the life of animals; ‘it is pleasing saith the Lord that flesh be used only in times of winter, or of famine’ — and why to be used in famine? because all domesticated animals would naturally die, and may as well be made use of by man, as not,

“All grain is good for the food of man, as also the fruit of the vine, that which yieldeth fruit, whether in the the ground or above the ground Nevertheless wheat for man, and corn for the fowls, and for swine, and for all beasts of the field, and barley for all useful animals, and for mild drinks; as also other grain. And all saints who remember to keep and do these sayings, walking in obedience to the commandments, shall receive health in their naval, and marrow to their bones and shall find wisdom, and great treasures of knowledge even hidden treasures; and shall run and not be weary, and shall walk and not faint: and I the Lord give unto them a promise, that the destroying angel shall pass by them, as the children of Israel, and not slay them. Amen.’

Let these things be adhered to; let the saints be wise; let us lay aside our folly and abide by the commandments of God; so shall we be blessed of the great Jehovah in time and in eternity: we shall be healthy, strong and vigorous: we shall be enabled to resist disease; and wisdom will crown our councils, and our bodies will become strong and powerful, our progeny will become mighty, and will rise up and call us blessed; the daughters of Jesus will be beautiful, and her sons the joy of the whole earth; we shall prepare ourselves for the purposes of Jehovah for the kingdom of God for the appearance of Jesus in his glory; “out of Zion the perfection of beauty,” God will shine; Zion will be exalted, and become the praise of the whole earth.”

Thus spake the man of God, fired with heavenly holy zeal, for the welfare of the saints of the most high, who were assembled around him, in breathless silence, listening to the gracious words that fell from his lips, which we feel ourselves utterly incapable of doing justice to, in this brief sketch; and can only say that with boldness and firmness he expatiated freely and fully upon those principles opposing vice and error in its various forms; we are persuaded that his instructions will be indelibly engraven on the memories of thousands who listened to his discourse. Firm and unwavering in his principles, he has ever been the advocate of sterling integrity, righteousness and truth, and when we saw him exerting all his energies to impress upon the minds of the audience the importance of the thing that he advocated, it reminded us of the sayings of one of the ancient servants of God. “I will declare thy righteousness in the great congregation.’

OMEGA.

(End: TIMES AND SEASONS, VOLUME 3, p. 801)

–Prophets Diary

An American Prophets Record, The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith,

Edited By Scott H. Faulring. (Signature Books, Smith Research Associates, SLC Ut 1998)

This publication is the wonderful labor of Scott H. Faulring. It opens “treasures of knowledge” for those desiring to experience the daily life and heart of our courageous Prophet and those other courageous friends and participants of the Restoration around him.

I recommend your acquire your own copy and search its interesting, enlightening, life enriching and spirit expanding pages. tlr

An American Prophets Record, The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith

Page 445

Tuesday, Feb[ruary] 6[th] [several lines left blank] Evening with Hyrum and Sidney and the 12 [Apostles] and the wives at John Taylor’s at 5 P.M. for supper Very pleasant time. I prophesied at the table that 5 years would not roll round before the company would all be able to live without cooking. [rest of page blank] {page 255}

Pages 446-447

Tuesday, Feb[ruary] 20t[th] 1844 At home. At 10 A.M. went to my office where the Twelve [Apostles] and some others met in council with Bro[ther]s Mitchel Curtis and Stephen Curtis who left the pinery, 1st of January, Black River. [They were] sent by Lyman Wight and Bishop Miller to know whither Lyman should preach to the Indians. The Menominees and Chippeway having requested it. The Chippeways had given Bro[ther] Wight some wampum as token of peace and the brethren had given them 1/2 box flour and an ox to keep them from starving and Wight had gone through to Green Bay with them to mark a road.
I told them to tell Bro(ther] Wight I have no council to shed-blood* /give/ him. He is there on his own ground and he must act on his own responsibility and do what he thinks best and he shall never be brought into any difficulty about it by us. (*Note “shed-blood” is struck through with line – tlr)

Lyman Wight is one of those 12 Apostles with their wives that were in attendance in the home of John Taylor — so he heard and understood the entire evenings instructions (not recorded, per “{rest of page blank}”- see above) and discussion (which displeased several Apostles, their wives and so many other saints – per George Q. Cannon), so he is now concerned about his desperate choice to slaughter his ox to save the lives of these starving, freezing and already dying Gospel desiring native peoples — who were struggling for food in the awful situation that he and Bishop Miller found them, left without stores consequent to the previous years draught followed by the most brutal winter ever recorded.
Righteous and caring, Apostle Wight needed to know that he had not displeased the Lord, nor his Prophet, and that he was within the exception of “to save your lives” as the Prophet had revealed to his Apostles and had expanded upon in that evening at John Taylor’s home, only two weeks before.
See DC 89:13,15; DC 49:21; and footnote 21a: JST Gen 9:11 and The Teachings of Joseph Smith, Page 71: Kindness to Animals. (tlr)

That day’s entry continues…
I instructed the 12 [Apostles] to send out a delegation and investigate the locations of California and Oregon and find a good location where we can remove after the Temple is completed and build a city in a day and have a government of our own in a healthy climate (Note: Utah was in California Territory – tlr)
Dr. Richards received a letter from Ja[me]s A. Bennet which / pleased me much. At office./ Warm. Ice began to come down from above in the river.
[written sideways on the page] / Visited at James Irvins this P.M. and evening / {page 269}

–Teachings Joseph Smith

TEACHINGS OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH : [SECTION TWO : Page 71 ]

Compiled by Joseph Fielding Smith

Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 71

Kindness to Animals Required of Man

The following incidents occurred while Zion’s Camp was on the march from Kirtland to Missouri.

In pitching my tent we found three massasaugas or prairie rattlesnakes, which the brethren were about to kill, but I said, “Let them alone — don’t hurt them! How will the serpent ever lose its venom, while the servants of God possess the same disposition, and continue to make war upon it? Men must become harmless before the brute creation, and when men lose their vicious dispositions and cease to destroy the animal race, the lion and the lamb can dwell together, and the sucking child can play with the serpent in safety.” The brethren took the serpents carefully on sticks and carried them across the creek. I exhorted the brethren not to kill a serpent, bird, or an animal of any kind during our journey unless it became necessary in order to preserve ourselves from hunger. (May 26, 1834.) D.H.C. 2:71.

Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 71/72

Never Trifle with Promises of God

[ In the following section, notice the Prophet’s warning that when you know something to be bad for you, you cannot expect the Lord to protect you when you act contrary to that knowledge once you have it! – tlr ]

Martin Harris having boasted to the brethren that he could handle snakes with perfect safety, while fooling with a black snake with his bare feet, he received a bite on his left foot. The fact was communicated to me, and I took occasion to reprove him, and exhort the brethren never to trifle with the promises of God. I told them it was presumption for anyone to provoke a serpent to bite him, but if a man of God was accidentally bitten by a poisonous serpent, he might have faith, or his brethren might have faith for him, so that the Lord would hear his prayer and he might be healed; but when a man designedly provokes a serpent to bite him, the principle is the same as when a man drinks deadly poison knowing it to be such. In that case no man has any claim on the promises of God to be healed. (June 16, 1834.) D.H.C. 2:95-96.

– Daniel in Babylon – Josephus, Complete Works 5:1, 2

CHAPTER X

CONCERNING DANIEL, AND WHAT BEFELL HIM AT BABYLON

  1. BUT now Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, took some of the most noble of the Jews that were children, and the kinsmen Zedikiah their king, such as were remarkable for the beauty of their bodies and the comeliness of their countenances, and delivered them into the hands of tutors, and to the improvement to be made by them. He also made some of them to be eunuchs; which course he took also with those of other nations whom he bad taken in the flower of their age, and afforded them their diet from his own table, and had them instructed in the institutes of the country, and taught the learning of the Chaldeans; and they had now exercised themselves sufficiently in that wisdom which he had ordered they should apply themselves to. Now among these there were four of the family of Zedekiah of most excellent dispositions; the one of whom was called another Ananias, another Misael, and the fourth, Azarias: and the king of Babylon changed their names and commanded that they should make use of other names. Daniel he called Baltasar; Ananias, Shadrach; Misael, Mesbach; and Aza­rias, Abednego. These the king had in esteem, and continued to love, because of the very ex­cellent temper they were of, and because of their application to learning, and the progress they made in wisdom.
  2. Now Daniel and his kinsmen had resolved to use a severe diet, and to abstain from those kinds of food which came from the king’s table, and entirely to forbear to eat of all living creatures: so he came to Ashpenaz who was that eunuch to whom the care of them was committed and desired him to take and spend what was brought for them from the king; but to give them pulse and dates for their food, and anything else, besides the flesh of living creatures, that he pleased, for that their inclinations were to that sort of food, and that they despised the other. He replied, that he was ready to serve them in what they desired, but he suspected that they would be discovered by the king, from their meager bodies, and the alteration of their countenances; because it could not be avoided but their bodies and colours must be changed with their diet, especially while they would be clearly discovered by the finer appearance of the other children, who would fare better, and thus they should bring him into danger, and occasion him to be punished: yet did they persuade Arioch, who was thus fearful to give them what food they desired for ten days, by way of trial; and in case the habit of their bodies were not altered, to go on in the same way, as expecting that they should not be hurt thereby afterwards; but if he saw them look meager, and worse than the rest, he should reduce them to their former diet. Now when it appeared that they were so far from becoming worse by the use of this food, that they grew plumper and fuller in body than the rest, insomuch, that he thought those who fed on what came from the king’s table seemed less plum and full, while those that were with Daniel looked as if they had lived in plenty, and in all sorts of luxury, Arioch, from that time, securely took himself what the king sent every day from his supper, according to custom, to the children, but gave them the fore­mentioned diet, while they had their souls in some measure more pure, and less burdened, and so fitter for learning, and had their bodies in better tune for hard labour; for they neither had the former oppressed and heavy with variety of meats, nor were the other effeminate on the same account; so they readily understood all the learning that was among the Hebrews, and among the Chaldeans, as especially did Daniel, who, being already skilled in wisdom, was very busy about the interpretation of dreams: and God manifest himself to him.

“Israel’s Lethal Quail!“ ~ Numbers 11:10-34 and Psalms 78:10-34

Israel’s Lust for Flesh — and dying with “…the Flesh Yet Between Their Teeth,..!”

Numbers 11:10-34 and Psalms 78:10-34

These two renderings of Israel’s lust — for flesh in Numbers 11:13, 31-34 and Psalms 78:18 & 30, and their eating of the quail, have been misinterpreted by us (and our ancestors) in our light-minded and poor or non-study of the scriptures! So we dangerously parrot to each other the commonly flawed rendering of this story. So most believe it was the Lord providing meat in the quail and that it was for Israel’s benefit, — but quite the opposite was true.
— Those Israelites who desired flesh for their tables and so gathered and ate the quail were destroyed!
The recommendation appears to be: Never presume to ask for and eat any flesh, even fowl, even though you may believe they where delivered to you by God!

Influenza and Cholera are among the common hundred-plus disease organisms vehicled by quail (and in all fowl).
Hundreds of pioneer saints died with the flu and cholera on their trek to “Zion” when ignorantly believing — like most — the common half-reading and mis-interpreting of this scripture, they unwisely ate quail and other infectious flesh on their way to Utah, and did die! — A very harsh recompense for not learning carefully the Lord’s true desires (DC 89:13, 15) and commands (DC 49:21, footnote 21a), and following Joseph’s inspired counsel (Teachings of Joseph Smith, pg. 71:Kindness to Animals)!

Now read completely and carefully — and understand the real consequences of Israel’s lust for flesh!
Please don’t make any animal’s pathogens your or your child’s unnecessary disease or sickness, or the fate of the foolish flesh-lusting Israelites, your fate! Don’t gather, butcher, handle and eat Israel’s lethal Quail – or anyone else’s infectious fowl, or consume any needless flesh!

Num. 11:10 – 34

10 ¶ Then Moses heard the people weep throughout their families, every man in the door of his tent: and the anger of the LORD was kindled greatly; Moses also was displeased.
11 And Moses said unto the LORD, Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy servant? and wherefore have I not found favour in thy sight, that thou layest the burden of all this people upon me?
12 Have I conceived all this people? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child, unto the land which thou swarest unto their fathers?
13 Whence should I have flesh to give unto all this people? for they weep unto me, saying, “Give us flesh,” that we may eat!
14 I am not able to bear all this people alone, because it is too heavy for me.
15 And if thou deal thus with me, kill me, I pray thee, out of hand, if I have found favour in thy sight; and let me not see my wretchedness.
16 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee.
17 And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.
18 And say thou unto the people, Sanctify yourselves against tomorrow, and ye shall eat flesh: for ye have wept in the ears of the LORD, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? for it was well with us in Egypt: therefore the LORD will give you flesh, and ye shall eat.
19 Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days;
20 But even a whole month, until it come out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto you: because that ye have despised the LORD which is among you, and have wept before him, saying, Why came we forth out of Egypt?
21 And Moses said, The people, among whom I am, are six hundred thousand footmen; and thou hast said, I will give them flesh, that they may eat a whole month.
22 Shall the flocks and the herds be slain for them, to suffice them? or shall all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them, to suffice them?
23 And the LORD said unto Moses, Is the LORD’s hand waxed short? thou shalt see now whether my word shall come to pass unto thee or not.
24 ¶ And Moses went out, and told the people the words of the LORD, and gathered the seventy men of the elders of the people, and set them round about the tabernacle.
25 And the LORD came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.
26 But there remained two of the men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.
27 And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp.
28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them.
29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD’s people were prophets, and that the LORD would put his spirit upon them!
30 And Moses gat him into the camp, he and the elders of Israel.
31 ¶ And there went forth a wind from the LORD, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, as it were a day’s journey on this side, and as it were a day’s journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits high upon the face of the earth.
32 And the people stood up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails: he that gathered least gathered ten homers: and they spread them all abroad for themselves round about the camp.
33 And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the LORD smote the people with a very great plague.
34 And he called the name of that place Kibroth-hattaavah: because there they buried the people that lusted.

Psalms. 78:10 – 34

10 They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in his law;
11 And forgat his works, and his wonders that he had shewed them.
12 Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
13 He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and he made the waters to stand as an heap.
14 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.
15 He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.
16 He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers.
17 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness.
18 And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.
19 Yea, they spake against God; they said, Can God furnish a table in the wilderness?
20 Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?
21 Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;
22 Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in his salvation:
23 Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven,
24 And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven.
25 Man did eat angels’ food: he sent them meat to the full.
26 He caused an east wind to blow in the heaven: and by his power he brought in the south wind.
27 He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea:
28 And he let it fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations.
29 So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire;
30 They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths,
31 The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.
32 For all this they sinned still, and believed not for his wondrous works.
33 Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.
34 When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned and enquired early after God.

–John Taylor / Parley P Pratt – THE GOVERNMENT OF GOD

THE GOVERNMENT OF GOD
JOHN TAYLOR

CHAPTER XII.

THE EFFECTS OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRIST’S KINGDOM, OR THE REIGN OF GOD, UPON TIlE EARTH.

HAVING said so much pertaining to the Kingdom, we come to our last proposition, and inquiry, What will be the effects of the establishment of Christ’s kingdom, or the reign of God, upon the earth?

This is, indeed, a grand and important question, and requires our most serious and calm deliberation. If, after all this distress, tribulation, war, bloodshed, and sacrifice of human life, the condition of the world is no better, man is certainly in a most unhappy, hopeless situation. If it is nothingmore than some of the changes contemplated by man, from one species of government to another, and we must still have war, bloodshed, and disorder, and be subject to the caprices of tyrants, or the anarchy of mobs, our prospects are indeed gloomy, and our hopes vain; we may as well “eat and drink, for tomorrow we die;” for, as we have already proven, under the most improved state of human governments we should still be subject to all the ills which flesh is heir to, without any redeeming hope. But this is not a transient, short-lived change; it is something decreed by God, in relation to the earth and man, from before the commencement of the world; even the dispossessing of Satan, the destruction of the ungodly, and the reign of God; or in other words, putting the moral world in the same position in which the physical world is — under the direction of the Almighty. It is the doing away with war, blood shed, misery, disease, and sin, and the ushering in of a kingdom of peace, righteousness, justice, happiness and prosperity. It is the restoration of the earth and man to their primeval glory, and pristine excellence; in fact, the “restitution of all things spoken of by all the prophets since the world began.”

Now, restoration signifies a bringing back, and must refer to some thing which existed before; for if it did not exist before, it could not be restored. I cannot describe this better than Parley P. Pratt has done in his “Voice of Warning,” and shall therefore make the following extract… (Pages 105-106)

…”Next, we learn from Gen.1: 29, 30 — ‘And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree, yielding seed, to you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.’ From these verses wo learn, that the earth yielded neither noxious weeds nor poisonous plants, nor useless thorns and thistle; indeed, every thing that grew was just calculated for the food of man, beast, fowl, and creeping thing; and their food was all vegetable; flesh and blood were never sacrificed to glut their souls, or gratify their appetites; the beast. of the earth were all in perfect harmony with each other; the lion ate straw like the ox — the wolf dwelt with the lamb — the leopard lay down with the kid — the cow and bear fed together, in the same pasture, while their young ones reposed, in perfect security, under the shade of the same trees; all was peace and harmony, and nothing to hurt nor disturb, in all the holy mountain.

“And to crown the whole, we behold man created in the image of God, and exalted in dignity and power, having dominion over all the vast creation of animated beings, which swarmed through the earth; while, at the same time, he inhabits a beautiful and well-watered garden, in the midst of which stood the Tree of Life, to which he had free access; while he stood in the presence of his Maker, conversed with Him face to face, and gazed upon His glory, without a dimming veil between.

0h reader, contemplate, for a moment, this beautiful creation, clothed with peace and plenty; the earth teeming with harmless animals, rejoicing over all the plain; the air swarming with delightful birds, whose never ceasing notes filled the air with varied melody; and all in subjection to their rightful sovereign, who rejoiced over them; while, in a delightful garden — the Capitol of creation, — man was seated on the throne of his vast empire, swaying his scepter over all the earth, with undisputed right; while legions of angels encamped round about him…(Pages 108-109)

…But now Brother Taylor and Pratt sadly describe us at the point to which we (of mankind) have fallen, degenerated and currently become. You will also read of the fear, sorrow and pollution experienced the creatures and the Earth at our divisive, mindless, self absorbed and too oft murderous hands. And of our own loss of blessings, vigor and life and the precious lives of our children as consequence. This is not a complementary description of either the past or us, the current children of God — no matter how righteous we may believe ourselves to have become. It is now time for us to fully understand, fully repent and return to our once primeval garden wisdom, our creation loving nature and divine reverence and behavior!..

…”But men have degenerated, and greatly changed, as well as the earth. The sins, the abominations, and the many evil habits of the latter ages, have added to the miseries, toils, and sufferings of human life. The idleness, extravagance, pride, covetousness, drunkenness, and other abominations, which are characteristics of the latter times, have all combined to sink mankind to the lowest state of wretchedness and degradation; while and false doctrines, have greatly tended to lull mankind to sleep, and caused them to rest infinitely short of the powers and attainments which the ancients did enjoy, and which are alone calculated to exalt the intellectual powers of the human mind, to establish noble and generous sentiments, to enlarge the heart, and to expand the soul to the utmost extent of its capacity. Witness the ancients conversing with the Great Jehovah, learning lessons from the angels, and receiving instruction by the Holy Ghost in dreams by night, and visions by day, until at length the veil is taken off, and they are permitted to gaze, with wonder and admiration, upon all things past and future; yea, even to soar aloft amid unnumbered worlds; while the vast expanse of eternity stands open before them, and they contemplate the mighty works of the Great I AM, until they know as they are known, and see as they are seen.

“Compare this intelligence with the low smatterings of education and worldly wisdom which seem to satisfy the narrow mind of man in our generation; yea, behold the narrow-minded, calculating, trading, overreaching, penurious sycophant the nineteenth century, who dreams of nothing here but how to increase his goods, or take advantage of’ his neighbor; and whose only religious exercises or duties consist of going to meeting, paying the priest his hire, or praying to his God, without expecting to be heard or answered, supposing that God has been deaf and dumb for many centuries, or altogether stupid and indifferent, like himself And having seen the two contrasted, you will be able to form some idea of the vast elevation from which man has fallen; you will also learn how infinitely beneath his former glory and dignity he is now living, and your heart will mourn, and be exceedingly sorrowful, when you contemplate him in his low estate – and then think he is your brother; and you will be ready to exclaim, with wonder and astonishment, 0 man I how art the fallen I once thou wast the favorite of Heaven; thy Maker delighted to converse with thee, and angels and the spirits of just men made perfect were thy companions; but now thou art degraded, and brought down on a level with the beasts; yea, far beneath them, for they look with horror and affright at your vain amusements, your sports and your drunkenness, and thus often set an example worthy of your imitation!

Well did the apostle Peter say of you, that you know nothing, only what you know naturally, as brute beasts made to be taken and de destroyed. And thus you perish, from generation to generation. While all creation groans under its pollution; and sorrow and death, mourning and weeping, fill up the measure of the days of man…” (Pages 111-112)

The full text ought to be read to see the full importance of our coming to peace with creation so we can establish a truly righteous and peaceful human government — and receive the full blessings of health man was always supposed to have!

Copies of this book and Parley P Pratt’s “Voice of Warning” can be obtained from:

(LDS) Archive Publishers

PO Box 1476, Grantsville Utah 84029

www.ArchivePublishers.com

ph 435-884-1072

(Other) Supportive LDS Authors & Conference Talks

— Writings pointing to or supporting the compassionate bloodless “Vegetarian” Millennial lifestyle choice.

  1. Loaves and Fishes — Five Barley Loaves and Two “Fish” Loaves Blessed.

Nibley, Hugh: “Prophetic Book of Mormon”(portion of text is below)

Then see TLRodgers: Broiled “Fish” and Jewish Wedding: Bread “Fish”

  1. Also see Dr Nibley’s book: “Brother Brigham Challenges the Saints” (esp. chapters 1&2)
  2. Widtsoe, John and Leah: “The Word of Wisdom, A Modern Interpretation”

(Available on LDS Info-Base or Gospel Link CDs. Also achieved here in simple text)

  1. Conference Talk: Apostle Joseph F Merrill “Eat Meat Sparingly” Apr 1948
  2. Conference Talks: President Spencer W Kimball “Don’t Kill the Birds” April & Sept 1978

Prophetic Book of Mormon, Hugh Nibley

Chapter 19: Christ among the Ruins:

The Loaves and “Fishes”

pages 415-423

…But now it is time to turn to a particular text. When E. Revillout announced the discovery of a Coptic manuscript of the Gospel of the Twelve Apostles in 1904, he declared it to be the text which Origen and Jerome “considered . . . to be perhaps earlier than Saint Luke and referred to him in his prologue,” a work esteemed by the church fathers as of “capital importance,” uniquely free of any hint of heresy, carrying the tradition of Christ’s visits to the earth beyond the scope of Luke– even to an event fifteen years later. German scholarship promptly and routinely minimized the claims of Revillout, and went too far in the process. If the fragments of the Coptic Gospel of the Twelve Apostles do not necessarily occur in the order in which Revillout arranged them (the order which we will follow), subsequent discoveries make it clear that they really are connected parts of a single– and typical– forty-day manuscript, and that they belong to the earliest stratum of early Christian writing. Revillout’s arrangment does not follow quite the same order as 3 Nephi, either, but a comparison of the two may be instructive.

The Lord’s condescension: He came and ate with them:

Evangile des douze apôtres, Fragment 2, in PO 2:132

Friends: Have you ever seen, Bretheren, such a loving Lord, promising his apostles his own kingdom? Where they would eat and drink with him upon a heavenly table even as he had eaten with them on earth at an earthly table.

Thereby he up them in mind of the heavenly table, considering the things of this world [kosmos] as nothing.

PO 2:132-33. If you really want to know, listen and I will tell you. Did not God feel an equal love for all of his apostles? Listen to John the Evangelist, testifying how the Christ used to plead with [sops] his Father on their behalf, even that “They become on even as we are one.”

PO 2:133. Do you want to know the truth about that? It is that he chose the Twelve.

PO 2:132. Listen to John the Evangelist testifying. [On this matter he refers them back to the testimony of John.]

The barley loaves and the “fishes”:

PO 2:133. . . . upon them, saying, I feel concerned [pity] for this multitude; for behold they have been with me for three days, and [now] they have nothing to eat. I don’t want to let them leave here hungry, lest they faint by the wayside.

Andrew said to him, My Lord, where will we find bread in this wilderness?

Jesus said to Thomas: Go to a certain [pei] man who has with him five loaves of barley bread and two fishes, and bring them to me here.

Andrew said to him Lord, how far would five loaves go with such a huge crowd?

Jesus saith to him: Bring them to me and there will be enough.

(While they go for the food Jesus talks with a little child.)

And so they sent [for the food]. A small child was brought to Jesus, and straightway, he began to worship him. The small child said to Jesus, Lord I have suffered much because of these [i.e., at the hands of people. The puzzled scribe connects this with the loaves: the child must have suffered because of them, as if the child had been sent to fetch them]. Jesus saith to the child, Give me the five loaves which have been entrusted to you.
PO 2:134. Thou has not saved [rescued] this multitude in time of need, but it is the toikonomia [arrangment, ordinance, divine intent] that [they] behold a marvelous thing, the remembrance of which shall never pass away, nor the food with which they are filled.
Note here the strange precocity of the child and the sacramental (memorial) nature of the meal.

The sacrament administered:

PO 2:134. And Jesus (1) took the loaves

and (2) blessed them [gave thanks over them]

and (3) blessed it;

and (4) gave them to the apostles

(5) that they might bear them to the multitude.

The sacrament withheld:

PO 2:134. For Judas [had been] the last to partake of the loaves [this refers back to the Last Supper, to illustrate a principle].

Andrew said to Jesus, O Master [sah], Judas did not receive a kleronomia [of] loaves . . . to bear to the multitude . . . [such as] . . . we were to give to them.

That is because he to whom I did not give a share of the loaves from my hands was not worthy of a part [share] of my flesh.

Neither did he care to share with the poor, but thought only of the glosogomon [finance].

The sacramental prayer:

PO 2:134. It is a mystery of my Father . . . which con[cern]s . . . the partaking [dividing] of my flesh.

And forthwith he blessed them, saying, O my Father, root

of all good, I ask thee to bless these five barley loaves that all these [multitude] may be filled, that thy son may be glorified in thee; and that those whom thou hast drawn to thee out of the world might hearken to [after, obey] him.

PO 2:134-35. And straightway his word came to pass in exousia [authority, as requested]. His blessing fell upon [shope] the bread in the apostles’ hands.

And all the people ate and were filled. They gave praise to God.

Jesus prays three times:

PO 2:134-35. You have seen, O my beloved one, what love Jesus had toward his apostles, insomuch that he kept [hid] nothing from them of any of the things touching upon his godhead [relationship to God].

The first time while blessing the five loaves of barley bread.

The second time in his giving thanks to his Father [the prayer is not quoted].

The third time in giving thanks for the seven loaves [the prayer is not quoted].

The Lord invites the disciples to ask for higher things:

PO 2:135. Have you seen [considered], O my beloved ones, the love of Jesus towards his apostles; insomuch that he did not conceal anything from them, even all the things concerning his godhead?

They are abashed and have to be encouraged:

PO 2:135-36. Jesus saith unto Thomas: Thomas my friend, you and your brethren are free to ask me whatsoever you please and I will keep nothing back from you. Insomuch that you may see, and feel [palpitate] and be convinced in your heart…

Now see in TomRodgers.org: Broiled “Fish” and News: Jewish Wedding Bread”Fish”

–Latter Day Saint Vegetarian Authors

 

(*note from Richardson Studies editor: I don’t really buy the bread fish argument.)

.

Latter Day Saint Vegetarian Writers / Authors:

Following is a (beginning, but growing) list of contributing LDS Authors who are active and valiant in their faith as “Latter Day Saints” (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints) and who also are firm in their belief of the value, correctness and benefit of their personal fully vegetarian lifestyle choices.

Their writings, made accessible to you here, reflect their valiant faith in the Restored Gospel of Jesus Christ as is presented to us in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and their comfort and integration within it of those “harmless to creation” plant centered nourishment principles for the physical “temples of their Spirit” – found wonderfully and wholly within their fully 100% vegetarian (i.e.vegan) lifestyle choice!

As you open their writ, keep in mind the inherent limits of all human language and boundaries of human skills with speech; also that each person’s life experiences influence their perceptions, unique expressions and delivery. So please read with generous openness, intent on piercing the veil of mankind’s clumsy script, and look into their hearts to comprehend and understand the loving and caring spirit, laboring within each of these kind writers as they reach out to share, encourage and benefit you:

Fowlkes, Kathleen: “The Gate” – new online book

(see below) and Ye Shall Know the Truth

Fairchild, Kay: The Millennium & other papers: Bondage, Laws of God on War, Many Prophets, Thanks

Foster, Chris, Phd: Vegetarianism – An LDS View

Johnson, Dr Kenneth: Book: Mormon Wisdom and Health (link to Ken’s own website)

Kelly, David – The Lion And The Lamb

Kinmont, Joyce: Testimony(w/ scriptures & Prophet’s quotes), The Word of Wisdom Backwards, Book – Diet Decisions for Latter Day Saints

Patterson, Theresa: – One Mom’s Study of the Word of Wisdom

Rodgers, Thomas L: TomRodgers.org – personal experience, perceptions and Personal Writings and Prose

Thorpe, Vonda: Commentary on Word of Wisdom – personal comments and Prophets quotes (temporary simple text copy show for now – to be enhanced with bold, underline and italics later)

Tracy, Dr Ann Blake, Phd: Prozac, Panacia or Pandora? (to Ann’s own website and Book)

UpDike, Earl: Book: Mormon Diet

(Other) Supportive L.D.S. Authors: – whose writings or references sustain a “harmless-to-creation” Millennial “Vegetarian” lifestyle.

  1. Nibley, Hugh: “Prophetic Book of Mormon” (excerpt: Loaves and fishes, from Evangile des Douze Apotres, Fragment 2, Coptic manuscript)
  2. Nibley, Hugh: See “Brother Brigham Challenges The Saints” – Available at LDS Book Stores
  3. Widtsoe, John and Leah: See “The Word of Wisdom, A Modern Interpretation” – Available on “LDS Info-Base” or “Gospel Link” CDs or a simple text form cached here
  4. Conference Talk: Apostle Joseph F Merrill “Eat Meat Sparingly” Apr 1948
  5. Conference Talks: President Spencer W Kimball “Don’t Kill the Birds” April & Sept 1978

Please return as we add to these pages.

If you have or know of someone’s writings that can be made available here, please notify me by email LDSVeg@LDSVeg.org or call 801-298-9095.

Created 1 Mar 2001 – Last major edit 18 Jan 2003 last change 25 Apr 2005 –Visitors since counter reset

–Medical Freedom Warning of Benjamin Rush

“Unless we put medical freedom into the Constitution, the time will come when medicine will organize into an undercover dictatorship to restrict the art of healing to one class of man, and deny equal privileges to others. The Constitution of this Republic should make a special privilege for medical freedom as well as religious freedom.”

—-Benjamin Rush, Physician and signer of the Declaration of Independence.

–“Recompense: Oppressors still – We are Still oppressed!”

“Our Worst Foolishness – Our Best Stupidity!”

Recompense:

Oppressing still!

– Man is still oppressed!

“It is true, that man has made great strides to free himself,
and liberate his fellow human beings, —

but still he continues to enslave, mistreat, maim —
and in mindless slaughter;
abuse, kill and consume the helpless creatures!

Then in nature’s honest balance:
disease, delusion, dysfunction and death becomes man’s own oppressive recompense!

So, as long as Man is part or party to the oppression of anything!
man will remain diseased, deluded, dying!
— and oppressing still! — he will remain still oppressed!”

Sept 5 1999, Thomas L. Rodgers, PLT in Washington, DC.

.

Our Worst Foolishness!

– Our Best Stupidity!

“The human body is still its own best physician!

All we of the human species have learned to do,
is to violate it with our worst foolishness!
— then interfere with its healing with our best stupidity!”

Oct 7 2001, Thomas L. Rodgers, at USC

– LDS Vegetarians/Vegans – Health Support Books

LDS Diet and LDS Diet Cook Books:

Diet Decisions for Latter Day Saints by Joyce Kinmont (w/TLRodgers, advisor)

Mormon Wisdom and Health by Dr. Kenneth Johnson

Mormon Diet and…

Mormon Diet Cookbook by Earl Updike

Conference, April 1995

“So it is that real, personal sacrifice never was placing an animal on the altar. Instead, it is a willingness to put the animal in us upon the altar and letting it be consumed! Such is the “sacrifice unto the Lord … of a broken heart and a contrite spirit,” (D&C 59:8), a prerequisite to taking up the cross, while giving “away all [our] sins” in order to “know God” (Alma 22:18) for the denial of self precedes the full acceptance of Him. In the name of Jesus Christ, amen.”

— Apostle Neal A Maxwell

This first Scripture, — along with Isaiah 66:3 & 4, following, — holds the key to understand what the Lord really wanted in terms of sacrifice from His people, from the beginning! — that of a “broken heart and contrite spirit” — and living within that compassion and peaceful relationship with all creation that truly is — and always was — God!

(Ex. 22:29-31)
29 ¶ Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days* it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

[* Seven days: Like with your human child, critical immunity in an animal is established for its life survival and vital emotional bonding with its mother and family or herd is fixed within those important seven days! Then any removal and/or slaughter of the calf or kid would traumatize the mother and stress her associative herd — even potentially drying up part of or all of that herd! — That would bless no one!]

31 ¶ And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is ‘torn’ –[in original Hebrew: severed or cut] of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the ‘dogs’ –[unbelievers].

(Isa. 66:3&4)
3 He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog’s neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine’s blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
4 I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not.

[Isaiah was speaking here to the chief priest of the temple. Offended by his words which condemned those Levite priests and their blood sacrifices, within months Isaiah was himself slaughtered and dismembered upon their alter at the hand of those very same temple priests.]

Sacrifice:

OLD TESTAMENT

(1 Sam. 15:22)

22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.

(Ps. 27:6)
6 And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD.

(Ps. 40:5-8)
5 Many, O LORD my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.
6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,
8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

(Ps. 51:15-19)
15 O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
16 For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

(Ps. 107:22)
22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.

(Prov. 15:8)
8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight.

(Prov. 17:1)
1 Better is a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than an house full of sacrifices with strife.

(Prov. 21:3)
3 To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

(Prov. 21:27)
27 The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

(Prov. 21:3)
3 To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

(Eccl. 5:1)
1 Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil.

(Isa. 1:11)
11 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

(Isa. 29:1-2) spoken in sarcastic rebuke
1 Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.
2 Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

(Isa. 43:22-28)
22 ¶ But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been weary of me, O Israel.
23 Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense.
24 Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.
25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.
26 Put me in remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.
27 Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.
28 Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

(Isa. 61:8)
8 For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

(Isa. 65:3,4)
3 A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;
4 Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels;

(Isa. 66:3,4)
3 He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog’s neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine’s blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
4 I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not.

(Jer. 6:19-21)
19 Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it.
20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings are not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
21 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will lay stumblingblocks before this people, and the fathers and the sons together shall fall upon them; the neighbour and his friend shall perish.

(Jer. 7:17-26)
17 ¶ Seest thou not what they do in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem?
18 The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto other gods, that they may provoke me to anger.
19 Do they provoke me to anger? saith the LORD: do they not provoke themselves to the confusion of their own faces?
20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched.
21 ¶ Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh.
22 For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices:
23 But this thing commanded I them, saying, Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people: and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you.
24 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward.
25 Since the day that your fathers came forth out of the land of Egypt unto this day I have even sent unto you all my servants the prophets, daily rising up early and sending them:
26 Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

(Jer. 14:12)
12 When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence.

(Hosea 4:12,13)
12 ¶ My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery.

(Hosea 4:18,19)
18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.
19 The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

(Hosea 6:4-7)
4 ¶ O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.
5 Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth.
6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
7 But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.

(Hosea 8:11-14)
11 Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin, altars shall be unto him to sin.
12 I have written to him the great things of my law, but they were counted as a strange thing.
13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat it; but the LORD accepteth them not; now will he remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.
14 For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the palaces thereof.

(Hosea 9:1-9)
1 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for thou hast gone a whoring from thy God, thou hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor.
2 The floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail in her.
3 They shall not dwell in the LORD’s land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.
4 They shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing unto him: their sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.
5 What will ye do in the solemn day, and in the day of the feast of the LORD?
6 For, lo, they are gone because of destruction: Egypt shall gather them up, Memphis shall bury them: the pleasant places for their silver, nettles shall possess them: thorns shall be in their tabernacles.
7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man is mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
8 The watchman of Ephraim was with my God: but the prophet is a snare of a fowler in all his ways, and hatred in the house of his God.
9 They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: therefore he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.

(Hosea 12:10,11)
10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.
11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

(Hosea 13:2)
2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, and idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the
craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.

(Amos 4:4-6)
4 ¶ Come to Beth-el, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, and your tithes after three years:
5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving [bread] with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
6 ¶ And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.

(Amos 5:21-27)
21 ¶ I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.
22 Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.
23 Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
25 Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
26 But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves.
27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts.

(Mal. 1:12-14)
12 ¶ But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.
13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
14 But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.

NEW TESTAMENT

(Matt. 9:13)
13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

(Matt. 12:5-7)
5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.

(Mark 12:33)
33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

(Acts 7:35-54)
35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.
36 He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years.
37 ¶ This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear.
38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:
39 To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,
40 Saying unto Aaron, Make us gods to go before us: for as for this Moses, which brought us out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
41 And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.
42 Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness?
43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.
45 Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David;
46 Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob.
47 But Solomon built him an house.
48 Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet,
49 Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest?
50 Hath not my hand made all these things?
51 ¶ Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.
52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.
54 ¶ When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth.

(Rom. 12:1,2)
1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

(Heb. 7:27,28)
27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; 0but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.

(Heb. 10:1-11)
1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

(Heb. 13:8-16)
8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
10 We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.
11 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.
12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
13 Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
14 For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.
15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.
16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

(1 Pet. 2:5)
5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

BOOK OF MORMON

(Alma 34:10-17)
10 For it is expedient that there should be a great and last sacrifice; yea, not a sacrifice of man, neither of beast, neither of any manner of fowl; for it shall not be a human sacrifice; but it must be an infinite and eternal sacrifice.
11 Now there is not any man that can sacrifice his own blood which will atone for the sins of another. Now, if a man murdereth, behold will our law, which is just, take the life of his brother? I say unto you, Nay.
12 But the law requireth the life of him who hath murdered; therefore there can be nothing which is short of an infinite atonement which will suffice for the sins of the world.
13 Therefore, it is expedient that there should be a great and last sacrifice, and then shall there be, or it is expedient there should be, a stop to the shedding of blood; then shall the law of Moses be fulfilled; yea, it shall be all fulfilled, every jot and tittle, and none shall have passed away.
14 And behold, this is the whole meaning of the law, every whit pointing to that great and last sacrifice; and that great and last sacrifice will be the Son of God, yea, infinite and eternal.
15 And thus he shall bring salvation to all those who shall believe on his name; this being the intent of this last sacrifice, to bring about the bowels of mercy, which overpowereth justice, and bringeth about means unto men that they may have faith unto repentance.
16 And thus mercy can satisfy the demands of justice, and encircles them in the arms of safety, while he that exercises no faith unto repentance is exposed to the whole law of the demands of justice; therefore only unto him that has faith unto repentance is brought about the great and eternal plan of redemption.
17 Therefore may God grant unto you, my brethren, that ye may begin to exercise your faith unto repentance, that ye begin to call upon his holy name, that he would have mercy upon you;

(3 Ne. 9:19-22)
19 And ye shall offer up unto me no more the shedding of blood; yea, your sacrifices and your burnt offerings shall be done away, for I will accept none of your sacrifices and your burnt offerings.
20 And ye shall offer for a sacrifice unto me a broken heart and a contrite spirit. And whoso cometh unto me with a broken heart and a contrite spirit, him will I baptize with fire and with the Holy Ghost, even as the Lamanites, because of their faith in me at the time of their conversion, were baptized with fire and with the Holy Ghost, and they knew it not.
21 Behold, I have come unto the world to bring redemption unto the world, to save the world from sin.
22 Therefore, whoso repenteth and cometh unto me as a little child, him will I receive, for of such is the kingdom of God. Behold, for such I have laid down my life, and have taken it up again; therefore repent, and come unto me ye ends of the earth, and be saved.

D&C

(D&C 59:8)
8 Thou shalt offer a sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in righteousness, even that of a broken heart and a contrite spirit.

(D&C 64:23)
23 Behold, now it is called today until the coming of the Son of Man, and verily it is a day of sacrifice, and a day for the tithing of my people; for he that is tithed shall not be burned at his coming.

(D&C 84:31-34)
31 Therefore, as I said concerning the sons of Moses—for the sons of Moses and also the sons of Aaron shall offer an acceptable offering and sacrifice in the house of the Lord, which house shall be built unto the Lord in this generation, upon the consecrated spot as I have appointed—
32 And the sons of Moses and of Aaron shall be filled with the glory of the Lord, upon Mount Zion in the Lord’s house, whose sons are ye; and also many whom I have called and sent forth to build up my church.
33 For whoso is faithful unto the obtaining these two priesthoods of which I have spoken, and the magnifying their calling, are sanctified by the Spirit unto the renewing of their bodies.
34 They become the sons of Moses and of Aaron and the seed of Abraham, and the church and kingdom, and the elect of God.

(D&C 97:8-12)
8 Verily I say unto you, all among them who know their hearts are honest, and are broken, and their spirits contrite, and are willing to observe their covenants by sacrifice—yea, every sacrifice which I, the Lord, shall command—they are accepted of me.
9 For I, the Lord, will cause them to bring forth as a very fruitful tree which is planted in a goodly land, by a pure stream, that yieldeth much precious fruit.
10 Verily I say unto you, that it is my will that a house should be built unto me in the land of Zion, like unto the pattern which I have given you.
11 Yea, let it be built speedily, by the tithing of my people.
12 Behold, this is the tithing and the sacrifice which I, the Lord, require at their hands, that there may be a house built unto me for the salvation of Zion—

D&C 132:50)
50 Behold, I have seen your sacrifices, and will forgive all your sins; I have seen your sacrifices in obedience to that which I have told you. Go, therefore, and I make a way for your escape, as I accepted the offering of Abraham of his son Isaac. [- the sacrifice of raising a son in rightousness]

PEARL OF GREAT PRICE

(Moses 5:5-8)
5 And he gave unto them commandments, that they should worship the Lord their God, and should offer the firstlings of their flocks, [remember how the true offering is discribed in Exodus 22;29,30] for an offering unto the Lord. And Adam was obedient unto the commandments of the Lord.
6 And after many days an angel of the Lord appeared unto Adam, saying: Why dost thou offer sacrifices unto the Lord? And Adam said unto him: I know not, save the Lord commanded me.
7 And then the angel spake, saying: This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father, which is full of grace and truth.
8 Wherefore, thou shalt do all that thou doest in the name of the Son, and thou shalt repent and call upon God in the name of the Son forevermore.

–The Word of Wisdom, Backwards Joyce Kinmont, July 2002

The Word of Wisdom, Backwards

From behavior and moods to energy and relationships, all of life is tied to the health of our bodies. The basic “care and feeding guide” for the human body is Doctrine & Covenants Section 89. We are often so sure of what it says that when we read it we don’t see what is really there, so I suggest that new clarity might result from reading it from end to beginning, starting with verse 21, then verse 20, etc., pondering as you go. Please do that first; don’t deny yourself your own connection to the Spirit. Then if you are interested in my testimony and some quotes from LDS Church leaders, read on.
Joyce Kinmont, July 2002

Verse 21 promises that the destroying angel shall pass us by. If he is not passing by the Saints — and he is not — why not? (See D&C 130:20-21) Six years ago I felt that angel hovering ever so close. At that time a kind friend taught me to live the Word of Wisdom with exactness, and, thankfully, the destroyer moved on. My desire is to bless my children by dying peacefully in my sleep in my old age.

Verse 20 promises that we will walk and run without fatigue. I’m much better, but I have a long, long way to go!

Verse 19 promises us wisdom and great, even hidden treasures of knowledge. I used to think that promise was available in the natural course of gospel living and was superfluous in Section 89. I’ve since learned that this promise is true.

Verse 18 promises us health. Are we healthy? We do well on infant mortality and trauma treatment, the great killers of the past, but how about diseases connected to diet — diabetes, heart disease, cancer, auto-immune diseases, and a host of others?

Verse 17 tells us that all grain, especially wheat, is for man. I partake daily.

Verse 16 tells us that the “fruit of the vine” is for man. Assuming this to be a metaphor for fruits and vegetables, I partake daily.

Verse 15 tells us that we may eat animals in times of famine and excess hunger. For me, that condition does not exist at this time. I do not partake.

Verse 14 (See also Genesis 1:29-30) tells us that all grain, besides being for man, is ordained for the use of beasts, to be their staff of life. Obviously not all beasts eat grain now, but apparently they will again.

Isaiah gives us these poetically phrased particulars about animal life during the Millennium, “The wolf and the lamb shall feed together,” he says, “and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock.” Implicit in this pronouncement is the fact that man and all forms of life will be vegetarians in the coming day; the eating of meat will cease, because, for one thing, death as we know it ceases. – Bruce R. McConkie, The Millennial Messiah, p. 658

That Millennial condition will come about not by pronouncement from the pulpit, but as men become more peaceful and more kind to animals. I learned this from Brigham Young in Relief Society. (See also JST Genesis 9:21, page 797 in the back of the Bible)

Let the people be holy, and the earth under their feet will be holy. Let the people be holy, and filled with the Spirit of God, and every animal and creeping thing will be filled with peace; the soil of the earth will bring forth in its strength, and the fruits thereof will be meat for man. The more purity that exists, the less is the strife; the more kind we are to our animals, the more will peace increase, and the savage nature of the brute creation vanish away. . . Let the whole people . . . be possessed of that spirit and here is the Millennium, and so will it spread over all the world. – Teachings of Presidents of the Church, Brigham Young, p. 333

Verses 12-13 says we please the Lord when we eat animal flesh only in times of winter, or of cold, or famine. Would we turn down an opportunity to please our Shepherd?

Hyrum explained the “famine” part:

And why to be used in time of famine? Because all domesticated animals would naturally die, and might as well be made use of by man as not. – Hyrum Smith, Times and Seasons, Vol. III., p. 799

Verse 11 tells us all vegetables and fruits, in season, are to be used with prudence and thanksgiving.

Verse 10 tells us that all wholesome plants are ordained for the constitution and nature of man. I’m comforted to know that the Lord created food especially for my body’s constitution, and I trust that He put into it all the vitamins, minerals, proteins, etc. that my constitution requires. As for my nature — I do want to protect my personal hormonal balance from being influenced by the hormones of animals.

Verses 5-9 tell us not to use stimulants. Hot drinks are prohibited, and we’ve been told those drinks are tea and coffee. Caffeine drinks are not mentioned, though President Hinckley told the whole world on the Larry King TV show that we don’t use them. He also slipped the “c” word into a conference address last April. We might avoid caffeine simply to support our Prophet.

I personally choose not to drink the body fluids of animals, although this preference stems more from Verses 4 and 19. I do not want to burden my body with milk designed for the constitution of a cow, nor do I want to partake of the viruses and bacteria or the added hormones, antibiotics, vaccines, and other toxins that come with the cheese and ice cream I used to love — and still wear around my middle, stuck to me like glue — which it is, casein being the main ingredient in glue, as attested to by the cow pictured on the bottle.

We are also told not to consume tobacco or alcohol. Not mentioned, but worth considering, are street drugs and mind-altering prescription drugs (Ritalin, Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, etc.). They all destroy health over time, most of them cut us off from the spirit, and we now know that most of the anti-depressants cause violent killings and many times more suicides than they prevent. (Never stop taking anti-depressants without help.)

Verse 4 tells us that there are conspiring men in the last days. I recognize them as the ones who sell us food and drugs that they know full well are harmful for our bodies. Their advertising is persuasive and deceptive; they work for a clever, ruthless devil.

Verse 3 tells us that the weakest of Saints can live by this commandment. What, then, do we do to be among the strongest of Saints? Perhaps we add a second meaning to the word sparingly: sparing the lives of the animals by allowing the “dumb animals to live.”

Verse 2 says this scripture is the order and will of God for our temporal salvation in the last days. I want to be saved.

I also want to live by Alma 32:13-15 which tells us to humble ourselves because of the word rather than waiting to be compelled by circumstances. I indulged my cheese and ice cream addiction long after the spirit was telling me to stop; I hope you’ll be smarter than that!

Both D&C 49:21a and JST Genesis 9:11, p.797, tell me that when I eat animal flesh and have no need, the blood of each dead beast will be required at my hands. It may be that animals get their revenge by passing disease to me. Unlike plants, animal flesh and fluids are full of viruses and bacteria that are harmful to people. The plagues of the last days may well be delivered by the animals. Those plagues may already be here.

A quarter-century ago in a BYU Devotional President Ezra Taft Benson called for a generation that eats like Daniel:

To a great extent we are physically what we eat. Most of us are acquainted with some of the prohibitions, such as no tea, coffee, tobacco, or alcohol. What needs additional emphasis are the positive aspects–the need for vegetables, fruits, and grains, particularly wheat. In most cases, the closer these can be, when eaten, to their natural state–without over refinement and processing–the healthier we will be. To a significant degree, we are an overfed and undernourished nation digging an early grave with our teeth, and lacking the energy that could be ours because we overindulge in junk foods. I am grateful to know that on the Brigham Young University campus you can get apples from vending machines, that you have in your student center a fine salad bar, and that you produce an excellent loaf of natural whole-grain bread. Keep it up and keep progressing in that direction. We need a generation of young people who, as Daniel, eat in a more healthy manner than to fare on the “king’s meat”–and whose countenances show it (see Daniel 1). – Teachings of Ezra Taft Benson, p. 476-7, from “In His Steps,” BYU Devotional 1979

And how did Daniel eat?

Now Daniel and his kinsmen had resolved to use a severe diet, and to abstain from those kinds of food which came from the king’s table, and entirely to forbear to eat of all living creatures: so he came to Ashpenaz (and asked for) pulse and dates for their food, and anything else, besides the flesh of living creatures, that he pleased, for that their inclinations were to that sort of food, and that they despised the other. – Flavius Josephus

Today many people are feeling promptings of the Spirit to prepare for Zion in heart and body. Here, in the words of those devoted, inseparable, prophetic brothers, is the vision:

When God first made man upon the earth, he was a different being entirely to what he now is; his body was strong, athletic, robust, and healthy; his days were prolonged upon the earth; he lived nearly one thousand years, his mind was vigorous and active, and his intellectual faculties clear and comprehensive, but he has become degenerated. . . . Man is not now that dignified, noble, majestic, honorable and mighty being that he was when he first proceeded from the hands of his Maker. . . . (the Lord) has appointed the word of wisdom as one of the engines to. . . .remove the beastly appetites, the murderous disposition and the vitiated taste of man; to restore his body to health, and vigour, promote peace between him and the brute creation . . . .” – Hyrum Smith, Times and Seasons, 6-1-1842, pp.799-800

By a proper observance of the Word of Wisdom, man may hope to regain what he has lost by transgression and live to the age of a tree, that as the sun’s rays in springtime gladden all nature and awaken life and hope, the Word of Wisdom given of God may remove the thorns and briers from our pathway and strew the same with joy and peace. – Joseph Smith, Joseph Smith as a Prophet, Scrapbook of Mormon Literature, Vol 1, p.118

© Joyce Kinmont 2002,

Latter Day Saint Home Education Assoc. & Home School Utah

LDSHEA.org | HomeSchoolUtah.org

joyce@ldshea.org

801-776-3555

(Note – Motivation for our expanded view, search, research, writing and publishing
on the Word of Wisdom as a needed benefit for all my home education families
and their children, as well as my own, was inspired – or provoked –
by my friend: Thomas L. Rodgers www.tomrodgers.org)

From the Prophets

Joseph Smith: In pitching my tent we found three massasaguas, or prairie rattlesnakes, which the brethren were about to kill, but I said, “Let them alone–don’t hurt them! How will the serpent ever lose his venom, while the servants of God possess the same disposition, and continue to make war upon it? Men must become harmless, before the brute creation; and when men lose their vicious dispositions and cease to destroy the animal race, the lion and the lamb can dwell together, and the suckling child can play with the serpent in safety.”

Brigham Young: When men live to the age of a tree, their food will be fruit.
If the people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven in regard to their diet they would cease eating swine’s flesh. I know this as well as Moses knew it.

Apostle George Q. Cannon: We are told that flesh of any kind is not suitable to man in the summer time, and ought to be eaten sparingly in the winter.

Lorenzo Snow, 5th President: thought the time was near at hand when the Latter-day Saints should be taught to refrain from meat eating and the shedding of animal blood..

Joseph F. Smith, 6th President: I do not believe any man should kill animals or birds unless he “needs” them for food….Love of nature is akin to the love of God…

Heber J. Grant, 7th President: …during the years we have had a cafeteria in the Utah Hotel I have not, with the exception of not more than a dozen times, ordered meat of any kind…I have endeavored to live the Word of Wisdom and that, in my opinion, is one reason for my good health.

George Albert Smith, 8th President: In the summer he eats no meat, and even in the winter months he eats very little.
Let me plead with you, search the Word of Wisdom prayerfully. Do not just read it, search it prayerfully. Discover what our Heavenly Father gave it for. He gave it to us with a promise of longer life and happiness, not if we fail to observe it, but if we observe it.

Apostle John A. Widtsoe:. . . plants contain all of the necessary food substances: proteins, fats, starches, and other carbohydrates, minerals and water [and vitamins]. The great Builder of the earth provided well for the physical needs of His children. (Priesthood manual)

Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th President: My husband doesn’t eat meat [but rather] lots of fruit and vegetables. (Jessie Evans Smith)
Small children do not need the flesh of animals. May I add also that adults would be far better if they would refrain from too much eating of meat. As far as I am concerned the eating of meat should be very sparingly. In fact, I will be contented if the Millennium was to be ushered in next week. When it is, we will learn that the eating of meat is not good for us. Why do we feel that we do not have a square meal unless it is based largely on meat? Let the dumb animals live. They enjoy life as well as we do…Naturally, in times of famine the flesh of animals was perhaps a necessity, but in my judgment when the Millennium reaches us, we will live above the need of killing dumb innocent animals and eating them. If we will take this stand in my judgment, we may live longer.

Harold B. Lee, 11th President: The Lord’s word of wisdom . . . counsels the simple diet of fruits, grains and vegetables in season, with meats used sparingly, has been given you as a revelation of God’s great law of health. . . . If by faith in this great law, you refrain from the use of food and drink harmful to your bodies, you will not become a ready prey to scourges that shall sweep the land, as in the days of the people of Moses in Egypt, bringing death to every household that has not heeded the commandments of God. – The Teachings of HBL, p. 205-6

Spencer W. Kimball, 12th President, sang:
That the children may live long,
And be beautiful and strong,
Tea and coffee and tobacco they despise,
Drink no liquor, and they eat
But a very little meat;
They are seeking to be great and good and wise.
(Hymn #307, In Our Lovely Deseret, by Eliza R. Snow,wife of two Prophets, sister of a third)

I still don’t eat very much meat.
Gen. Conf., Priesthood Session, April & Oct 1978

Ezra Taft Benson, 13th President: We need a generation of young people who, as Daniel, eat in a more healthy manner than to fare on the “kings meat”—and whose countenances show it.
But what needs additional emphasis are the positive aspects…the need for vegetables, fruits, and grain, particularly wheat…We need a generation of people who eat in a healthier manner.
In general, the more food we eat in its natural state and the less it is refined without additives, the healthier it will be for us.

Gordon B. Hinckley, 15th President: It proscribes alcohol and tobacco, tea and coffee, and emphasizes the use of fruit and grains. This Word of Wisdom came to us from the God of Heaven, for our blessing. I regret that we as a people do not observe it more faithfully. – Conference, October 1990
I thank the Lord for a testimony of the Word of Wisdom. I wish we lived it more fully, but even though we do not, the Lord pours out his blessing on those who try. The promise is before us that if we will do so, we shall receive health in the navel and marrow in the bones and shall find wisdom and great treasures of knowledge, even hidden treasures, and shall run and not be weary and shall walk and not faint, and the destroying angel shall pass by us as the children of Israel and not slay us. – Conference, October 1993

Elder Robert S. Wood of the Seventy: Today many people manifest the desire for such a rescue in small and large ways: . . . the individual who, having abused his or her body through lack of exercise and violation of the Lord’s law of health, expects to be delivered, sometimes through priesthood administration, from the ravages of self-induced ill health. . . . – Ensign, March 2002

–Supportive Archaic Scriptures – Dead Sea Scroll / Nagamati / Psuedopygrapha etc

This verbatim scroll preserved by Mt. Carmel branch of the Essenes (Carmelites).

It was found in Tibet in first century. This text pre-dates the writings of the New Testament.

Confirming texts appear in the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in 1947.

The Gospel of the Nazarenes available:
Essene Vision Books,
P.O. Box 1080,
Patagonia, AZ 85624; 520-394-2060
G Yourofsky
Garytofu@earthlink.net

This reference courtesy
R Cohen

“Verily I say unto you, for this end have

I come into the world: that I may put

away all blood offerings and the eating

of the flesh of the beasts and the birds

that are slain by men.

In the beginning the Creator gave to all
the fruits of the trees, and the seeds
and the herbs for food; but those who
loved themselves more than the Lord
or their fellows, corrupted their ways
and brought diseases into their bodies,
and filled the earth with lust and
violence.

Not by the shedding of innocent blood,
therefore, but by living a righteous life
shall you find peace.

Blessed are they who keep this Law, for
the Creator is manifest in all creatures
and all creatures live in the Creator.”

Gospel of the Nazarenes 75:9-14

– EatVeg.org – EatVegUtah.org / EatVegSLC.org . VeganCowboy(Scientist).org

–Contact us (ldsveg.org) through Email here, fax 801-294-2970, Voice 801-298-9095 (Caller I.D. serviced), or mail to PO Box 304 Bountiful Utah 84011-0304

–More links to other sites and resources:

VeganOutreach.org . VegSource.com . VRG.org . VegetarianBaby.com . Michael Klapper, MD . John McDougall, MD .

William Harris MD . Dr Ruth Heidrich, PhD . American Vegan Society . Vegetarian Union of North America . Dr Ann Blake Tracy, PhD (SRI’s) . NotMilk . Aspartame/MSG .RawMormonEco-village . LDSVeg.com(used by Michael Ames, since Jan 2005)

BYUVeg.org & MormonsForAnimals.org

See additional site in links panel in

LifeSave.org – associated sites

Also try web searches engines with “vegetarian” or “vegan” and “LDS”, “Latter Day Saint” or “Mormon” as search words.

MormonVeg – Yahoo Discussion Group:
Independent from this site and its authorship is another connection, education and discussion resource in the Yahoo discussion group called “MormonVeg”.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/MormonVeg

Jack Monnett’s (LDS) ArchivePublishing.com

Great out of print LDS Books, home education & more

…So what was it that the Lord broke and blessed and fed to the 5000? The Hebrew traditions have held that answer, but both we and they have failed to see?

That “5” and “2” become “7”, is made plausible with understanding that the Hebrews’ sour dough breads (an art they learned as slave bakers to the Egyptians) came in two traditional forms: the round family loaf; and — most important for our understanding — the festive, more finely worked oblong and top scored loaf! — with ovaled shape and fin-like vents cut in its top; it resembled a familiar form; —
hence was baked of old — that special loaf of heavenly bread called — the “Fish”!

…in the French language (of latin root) the expression “broiled” is used to mean toast!”

Bro. Thomas L Rodgers (Recorded immediately afterward: Wed Sep.22, 93 10:48pm)

– TomRodgers.org http://www.tomrodgers.org/BroiledFish.htm

“Jewish Royal Wedding“— and ‘Fish‘ Loaves!

Sweetly, after this experience above, having been challenged and tested in its understanding and sustained in my own faith of it for more than a year; more joyous supportive evidence was provided (I believe, as if from the Heavens) of its truth. Exposed in humble news copy provided me Feb 8 1995, was the wondrous tradition and life blessing “Fish” of the ancient Israelites. — What a comfort it was to know that I probably was not as fully delusional, as some had supposed, after all!

Jewish Royal Wedding – Bread ‘Fish’ (with my notes to my friend and scholar of ancient writ)

tlr, 1/9/02

Fish Artifacts – w/ Bakers Molds

This document was enthusiastically shared with me by Dr Hugh Nibley, after I had given him my “Broiled Fish” draft above, as he now realized the significant of the “Bakers Molds” included in collection of ancient Hebrew and early Christianity and Catholic artifacts, as presenting the symbolic “Fish” that he only could curiously wondered about before.

Included in this Centuries old French Theological Encyclopedia (with Hebrew, Early Christian and Catholic) record of artifacts, is the early Christian and ancient Hebrew bakers molds (down the center) which include two two-piece brass molds and the older bakers stone mold at bottom, wherewith an old Hebrew baker could bake five “Fish” loaves at once for a wedding, Holy Feast, Consecration or special family event, as was required by original Mosaic Law

More photos, text translations, resources and reference to be provided as I have time to scan and upload — please return tlr 9-12-04

Jewish Royal Wedding – Bread Fish, (from Deseret News Feb 8-9, 1995)

HASIDIM

Jewish ‘royal’ wedding entwines 2 dynasties

20,000 from Israeli Brooklyn families attend grand event in Holy Land

Associated Press
BNEI BRAK. Israel – The tables were laden with loaves of bread it took two men to carry, and thousands of guests flew in from the United States for a wedding uniting Hasidic dynasties from Israel and New York.
Israelis compared the union of of 17-year-old Hannah Erentser and 18-year-old Beazion Arieh Meislisch – attended by 20,000 people – to a royal wedding. “Wedding of the year,” said a headline Wednesday in the

Yedioth Abronoth daily newspaper.

The wedding united the 20,000- member Vishnitz clan, one of Israel’s most influential Hasidic groups, and the 10,000-member Brooklyn-based Bobover dynasty, which originated in Romania and Hungary.

Erentser, granddaughter of Rabbi Moshe Yehoshua Hager, spiritual leader of the Visbnitz dynasty, wore a pearl-beaded head piece and white dress as she took the marriage vows on Tuesday evening in the Vishnitz grand synagogue in Bnei Brak, a religious suburb of Tel Aviv.

The groom, grandson of Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam, head of the

Bobover dynasty, wore a traditional black coat and fur-trimmed black hat.

Thousands of Hasidic men stood in the rain in the streets around the synagogue during ceremony, many with plastic bags covering tleir black felt bats as protection against the downpour.

After the exchange of vows, guests boarded buses for a recep tion at the Tel Aviv fairgrounds, where they filled four wedding halls. Men dined separately from women, in keeping with religious laws barring public interaction be tween the sexes.

Long braided loaves of bread shaped like fish to mark the current Jewish month of Adar covered the groom’s table. Chocolate sculpted into horses and carriages decorated the womens’ halls.

In keeping with traditions of the ultra-Orthodox banning court ships, the bride and groom met only three times before the wedding.

Original in: DESERET NEWS. WED. P.M./THUR. A.M.. FEB. 8-9, 1995

http://www.tomrodgers.org/JewishRoyalWeddingBreadFish.htm

–“Eat Meat Sparingly“ by Apostle Joseph F Merrill

This is an Archived Simple Text copy from Improvement Era May 1948

See Good Copy in LDS Info Bases or Gospel Link CD – if available to you.

Otherwise read text is below..Conference Reports:

General Conference, April 1948

“Eat Meat Sparingly”

Elder Joseph F. Merrill
Of the Council of the Twelve Apostles

Brethren and sisters, including radio listeners:
A year ago from this pulpit I spoke to the theme of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, indicating that, aside from Jesus Christ, I looked upon him as second in greatness to no other religious teacher that ever lived And judged by the same standard used in judging greatness in men—by his works- -as with Shakespeare, Washington, Lincoln, Einstein, etc. I still believe my view of him is correct and that he is the greatest man America ever produced. Hence I am convinced that he is deserving of a careful, thorough, and honest study by every person interested in his personal well-being. According to first-class evidence, Joseph Smith did actually, really see and hear the Father and the Son, two highly glorified beings, they seemed to him, in whose image man himself is made. If this is not a fact, he was the greatest religious fraud this world has ever seen. Between these two positions—prophet or fraud—there is no middle ground, or compromise This is a strong statement, I admit, but certainly a correct one. Which of thes two ‘positions is the right one? If the first one is right, then certainly Joseph Smith’s teachings should be studied by every human being qualified to study, for Joseph was God-taught and made available to the modern world the knowledge that every person must have, and by which he must live, if he would return from mortality to the celestial kingdom, the realm where God personally lives.

LORD’S LAW OF HEALTH
With this brief introduction, I wish to talk for a few minutes on a phase of one of Joseph Smith’s revelations, commonly spoken of as the Lord’s Law of Health, or otherwise known as the Word of Wisdom.
But why the Word of Wisdom as a part of religion? someone may ask. In the language of the document itself the Word of Wisdom shows:
. . . forth the order and will of God in the temporal salvation of all saints in the last days—
And those:
. . . who remember to keep and do these sayings, walking in obedience to the commandments, shall receive health in their navel and marrow to their bones. (D. & C. 89:2, 18.)
And health is an important factor in the work of serving God and man.
The apostle Paul asked,
Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. (One- Corinthians 3:16-17.)
Now, in order that health may be maintained, it is common knowledge that the laws of health must be observed. Scientists have long taught that law is universal throughout material realms. With this thought in mind the poet wrote of the “music of the spheres.” The Prophet Joseph Smith taught the universality of spiritual laws when he wrote:
There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven before the foundations of this world, upon which all blessings are predicated—
And when we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated. (D. & C. 130:20-21.)
All over the Church the belief is general that the Word of Wisdom is practically observed if the individual abstains from the use of tea, coffee, liquor, and tobacco. But a careful reading of the revelation shows this belief to be erroneous. There is much more to the document than abstention from the use of narcotics. Among the statements are these:
Every herb in the season thereof, and every fruit in the season thereof; all these to be used with prudence and thanksgiving.
Yea, flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the air, I, the Lord, have ordained for the use of man with thanksgiving; nevertheless they are to be used sparingly;
And it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used, only in times of winter, or of cold, or famine. (D. & C. 89:11-13.)

IMPORTANCE OF BALANCED DIET
It is to flesh as an article in human diet that I wish to direct your attention. It is needless to confess that I am not an authority in the field of nutrition. So I hope you will tolerate my quoting freely from writings of men generally accepted as authorities. These authorities say that generally food has more to do with health than any other factor affecting health. But that food may do its most for our health we must have a balanced diet, made up. of five essential substances in the right proportions—these substances being proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins.

QUOTATIONS FROM “HOW TO LIVE”
In How To Live, perhaps the most widely read and authoritative book in English for the layman on the subject of personal hygiene and published under the auspices of the Life Extension Institute, Inc., we find a great fund of reliable information given in simple language by the authors, Professor Irving Fisher of Yale University and Dr. Eugene Lyman Fisk, medical director of the Life Extension Institute, Inc. The book was first published in 1915 under the auspices of the board of directors of the institute, of which Judge William Howard Taft was chairman and writer of the forewords to the first and the fifteenth editions. My citations will be from the fifth printing of the eighteenth edition, 1929. (The most recent revised edition, the twenty-first, was written by Professor Fisher and Dr. Haven Emerson of Columbia University, but nothing here quoted is nullified by this edition. )
As just stated, the essential foods are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. Protein is the tissue-building constituent of foods. It is found in meat, eggs, fowls, milk, peas, beans, grains, especially wheat, most vegetables, fruits, etc. Lean meat and the white of eggs are particularly high in protein. The book, How To Live, page 42, says:
They consist entirely of protein and water; also most ordinary foods contain more or less protein.
And the book goes on to say:
. . . foods should be so selected as to give to the ration the right amount of protein, or repair- foods, on the one hand, and of fats and carbohydrates, or fuel-foods, on the other.
According to what are regarded as the best investigations, the right proportion of protein is generally about 10 percent of the total number of heat units consumed. This means 10 percent of the total nutriment, that is ten calories of protein out of every one hundred calories of food.
And further on the books says:
. . . a chief and common error of diet consists of using too much protein, two or more times too much.
And on page 47, we read:
At a meeting of the Inter-Allied Council of Physiologists during the World War I, it was decided that meat was not a physiological necessity—since the proteins of meat can be replaced by those contained in milk, cheese and eggs—as well as by the proteins of vegetable origin.
And why is too much protein injurious? On page 47, we read:
When protein is taken in great excess of the body’s need, as is usually the case in the diet of Americans, added work is given the liver and kidneys, the circulation is over-stimulated and the “factor of safety” of these organs is exceeded
And on page 68 is the following:
Before leaving the subject of intestinal poisoning, we may here again mention the importance of avoiding the poisoning that comes from too much protein
Now please give particular attention to the following, found on page 250:
Even the most ardent advocates of a meat diet cannot produce a scientific evidence to show that intestinal putrefaction to a high degree due to the presence of meat is in any way beneficial to the organism; hence, in seeking the best form of diet, meat as a source of protein may well be excluded and the requisite protein secured from milk, nuts, cereals, and vegetables. If in the average diet a pint of milk daily is substituted for whatever meat portions have theretofore been taken, there would be no danger of protein lack.
And on the following page is found:
We have quoted Hubner, one of the world’s foremost authorities in hygiene, as condemning the very popular idea that meat is very “strengthening.” Actual experiments on this point have shown exactly the opposite to be the case.
This statement will surprise most people. But the book continues:
Meat eating and a high-protein diet, instead of increasing one’s endurance, have been shown, like alcohol, actually to reduce it.
Then experiments conducted at Yale University by Professor Fisher are described, after which the book continues (page 252):
The experiments furnished a severe test of the claims of the flesh-abstainers. Two comparisons were planned: one between flesh-eating athletes and flesh-abstaining athletes, and the other between flesh-eating athletes and flesh-abstaining sedentary workers. The results would indicate that the users of low-protein and the nonflesh dietaries have far greater endurance than those who are accustomed to the ordinary American diet.
Now let me read to you a few words from the Word of Wisdom, given by the Prophet Joseph Smith to the world long before science knew any of the facts that I have just read to. you from How to Live, As a promise for observing the Word of Wisdom the revelation says:
And all saints who remember to keep and do these sayings, walking in obedience to the commandments, shall receive health in their navel and marrow to their bones; . . .
And shall run and not be weary, and shall walk and not faint (D. & C. 89:18, 20.)
Do the Yale experiments and the statements read from How To Live confirm or discredit the teaching of the Word of Wisdom relative to the eating of meat? How do you account for the fact that Joseph Smith could give these truths to the world many years before science knew about them?

“HEALTH AND EFFICIENCY”
Now I wish to quote from Health and Efficiency, a book written for schools by Professor M. V. O’Shea of the University of Wisconsin and Dr. J. H. Kellogg, superintendent of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, and published by the Macmillan Company in 1927. I believe anyone could read this little book on hygiene with a great deal of profit. From the chapter on “Food and Efficiency” I condense the following statements:
Proteins are body-building materials. They may also be used by the body as fuel, but this occurs only in case of necessity. When heat producing foods—fats and carbohydrates—are burned up proteins are used for fuel. So if the body does not need the protein for repairs it will use it, but it is a bad form of fuel, for it leaves behind what might be called clinkers. When fats and carbohydrates are consumed, they leave no “ashes.” With protein foods the story is quite different. These, when formed, yield substances that are not ready for elimination by the kidneys until they have been chemically changed by the liver. These products are poisonous and circulating through the body are present in excess in the blood of heavy meat eaters. The result is that the liver and kidneys are much overworked and thus wear out prematurely
Again:
Of the food eaten, a small portion remains behind in the intestine undigested. This is particularly true of protein food, the unused residue of which is usually much greater than that of the carbohydrates and fats. When more protein is eaten than needed some of it remains in the large intestine until it is discharged. The warmth of the body causes it to putrefy.
It is evident, then, that if one’s diet is such that a considerable amount of undigested meat is left to decay in the colon, harmful poisons will be absorbed in the blood and will do harm to the liver, kidneys, blood-vessels, and the other tissues.
Dr. Newburgh, a University of Michigan professor, as a result of his researches, has concluded that an excess of protein in the diet resulting from heavy meat eating, is one of the causes of the great increase in recent years of diseases of the kidneys, heart, and blood-vessels.
The foods to be used most sparingly are those which contain a great excess of protein, such as meat, eggs, cheese, and beans. On this account, there are many authorities who think that it would be safer to discard the use of meat altogether than to continue to use it so freely as many Americans are doing.
And then the book quotes Dr. McCollum of Johns Hopkins University, an eminent authority on nutrition as follows:
I have not the slightest hesitation in saying that a vegetarian diet, supplemented with fairly liberal amounts of milk is the most satisfactory type of diet a man can take.
Next, Professor Chittenden of Yale University is quoted:
With vegetables of all kinds and milk, bread, and butter, you have at your command all the necessary resources for a nutritious diet.
Then the book speaks about a bulletin by the United States Department of Agriculture in which we are told that
. . . meat may be omitted from the diet altogether, for it has been determined that all necessary protein and energy may be obtained from other materials.
As a final quotation from the book Health and Efficiency I give the following:
Energy can be gotten from food only after it has become part of a living cell. The excess protein is never assimilated: it never becomes an actual part of the body; it is burned to get rid of it, just as rubbish is. Even the heat produced is extra heat which the body does not need and so is carried off by an increase in the insensible perspiration. Under conditions of extreme exposure to cold the heat might be of service. On the other hand, in case of fever, and in hot weather, the heat excess induced by ton much protein may do great harm.

MEATS TO BE USED SPARINGLY
Now I read again the words of the revelation to the Prophet:
. . . .they [meats] are to be used sparingly; And it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used, only in times of winter, or of cold, or famine. (D. & C. 89:12-13.)
Latter-day Saints, why should you complain of the scarcity or high price of flesh foods? Have you not known that in any case you should eat them sparingly? The Lord told you so. I have quoted from some of the highest authorities in the world to the effect that they are not essential to your physical well-being. But Americans did not know this until God revealed it to them through his Prophet, Joseph Smith.
And now I sum up. Proteins are the building materials of the body, the needed amount of which is largely determined by age and the kind of physical activity: but for the average adult it is about 10 percent of food intake. More than this should be avoided. Meat is the richest source of proteins but sizable amounts are found in the excellent foods—eggs, milk, cheese, beans, nuts, wheat, and more or less in other cereals, vegetables, and fruits. Americans eat too much meat, a non-essential in human diet, because all the proteins needed are available in the other foods just named.
May the Lord help us to accept and live by every word he gives to us by the mouths of his holy prophets, I pray in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.

http://www.ldsveg.org/JosephFMerrillSparingly.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Animal Proteins: Not Ideal

You are what you eat. Let’s look at animal proteins. In general animal proteins are bad in my opinion because it increases risk of disease, and it’s not really necessary for your body to have, because you’re trying to ingest metabolized food, you’re basically trying to tap into the stores of an animal, which may not necessarily store things the way you need to access them (Fuhrman, J., M.D. (2011). Eat to Live. Little, Brown and Company; namely Ch 4). So some of the nutrients they’ve ingested won’t be accessible to you, and some of what they’ve ingested which you don’t want will be accessible to you. Kidney failure, cancer, liver damage etc. can result from eating animals. One of the ways I like to think of it is by using a forest protein analogy. Plants have protein. Animals and humans wander in a forest seeking protein via the plants. Humans find it easier to kill animals than the garden. Humans decide that if animals eat plants, then eating the animals will bring them what the animal ate, the plants! But in reality, this “middle man” (the animal) is taking its toll, and the delivered product isn’t what it would have been if we had gone to the primary source (the plants) for the protein. Going to the primary source we get all that we were looking for, but using a middle man, lots of unwanted stuff is added into the “contract”, and lots of desired stuff is removed from the contract.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atkins/Keto as Toxic Fad Diets

 

 

-When you have no carbs, ketones are made from attacking fats, ketones are acidic. This is the ‘keto’ diet. The acidity is bad. Adkins diet got a bad name when he died, the new name for it is ‘keto diet’. Lots of heart problems from this. It is not sustainable.

-Much of the weight loss from the Atkins/Keto diet is muscle loss, and you usually gain it back in fat rather than muscle when you start eating carbs again.

 

-Carbs and starches are key historically, and most major world religions suggest not using much meat if any.

-They looked at autopsies of Koreans and Americans in the Korean war, Americans have a meat heavy diet and were predisposed to atherosclerosis (which leads to heart failure), the Koreans didn’t have any signs of this (see Discovering the Word of Wisdom)

 

 

Calorie Counting

Note: Those who aspire to a whole foods plant-based diet will likely not need to count calories, although having a general awareness of how much you intake is wise, because society today is way off in what’s normal vs what’s healthy. Fortunately, when you’re eating wholesome foods, particularly WFPB (whole food plant based), your body will gain speed in the ability to discern when it is full, so caloric intake won’t be such an issue. In fact, it can become a non-issue. The body is a great self-regulator, and starving yourself leads to binging. Improve the quality more so than the quantity of food.

 

Dr. Neal Bernard (specializes in WFPB) speaks of “the rule of 10” regarding calories, namely that if you’re eating less than this amount which I’ll show, that you’re starving yourself and will binge later. The rule is as follows: take your ideal body weight, multiply it by 10, and that’s how many calories you NEED BARE MINIMUM per day. Those who intake less than this are shooting themselves in the foot, starving themselves, and they will binge later to compensate.

 

Some find calorie counting as helpful, especially those not willing to make real dietary changes. For them, here are keys for that system.

 

-If you have interest in calorie counting, you probably already understand the use and importance of BMI, so we will not cover that here.

-A healthy body must have good sleep, good nutrition, and good exercise. To neglect any of these pillars of health is to deny scientific data about short- and long-term health. Good nutrition deals with both QUALITY and QUANTITY of food. Counting calories is about monitoring QUANTITY. All food has calories. A calorie is an energy unit.

-The key is the write your net calories of the day regardless of how bad you performed. Try to make this day better than yesterday, and this week better than last week. Don’t focus on months, they’re too unreal/removed and can result in giving up for long periods of time until there is a new month, or heaven forbid, a new year!

-Most of us eat too much because we think we need that energy to deal with our duties of the day. But when we learn we don’t need the energy (by seeing that we have reached the daily recommendation), we realize that our issue is mental depletion, not physical depletion. Food is for physical depletion. Other stuff is for mental depletion.

-MyFitnessPal is the free recommended app my nutrition professor recommended for counting calories. It makes it easy. Type what you ate and about how much of it, and it’ll do the rest. It also helps you set a daily goal based on how fast you want to lose (or just not gain) weight. Lastly, you log your weight (I recommend not weighing yourself more than once a week, so you don’t go crazy and micro-manage your diet), and it shows a bar graph of your body weight gains, flatline, or losses. The app also allows you to input what exercise you did so as to update your net caloric intake. Finally one of my favorite features is that after you log your day’s foods and fitness (fitness being optional), it will say “if you eat like this every day for the next 5 weeks, you will weigh “x” pounds!” That to me is very encouraging, picturing the self who is that many pounds. Note: this app is private, so no one will see your weight or your goals.

-the body gets bigger if it receives more energy than it uses. Calorie means energy. Weather you got your calories from meat or carbohydrates etc., whatever energy/calorie isn’t used, will make you bigger & less fit.

-counting calories is the best way to know if you’re eating WAY too much or WAY too little. With how bazar the standard American diet (S.A.D.) is today, you may be very surprised to learn that you don’t need all of what you’re eating. I certainly was! Overeating or overfeeding your kids out of ignorance-based compassion for yourself and them can be eliminated and replaced with effective compassion if we know more perfectly what our bodies do and do not need. Yes you need to have a balanced diet in order to be healthy, but you also need to pay attention to overall input output of energy by looking at your calories.

-You may be surprised to learn that even good foods like salad, beans, vegetables, fruits, etc. have calories. Just because a food isn’t a carbohydrate (carb being the main source of calories) doesn’t mean it doesn’t have calories! Too much of anything, even a good thing, is bad. Like how too much time reading the scriptures can be bad if it takes you away from serving the poor (VERY few people read too much scriptures, I’m just using a dramatic example of how even an extremely good thing can be bad if used too much). There are a few foods that have extremely little calories, and when you need to munch etc., you can learn to turn to these kids of food. Many foods are surprisingly high in calories for how small or innocent they look.

-you don’t have to be perfect in your count. Even getting a general idea is usually enough to help you make needed changes. This doesn’t mean just guess how many calories are in a food, yes you need to calculate it with a reference book or website or phone app, but the reason many get overwhelmed and quit calorie counting is because they are being too strict on how exact their count is.

-Have a goal for how many calories to take a day. 1500/day is the least recommended for average men who want to lose 2 pounds per week. 2000 is a rate where you will lose 1 pound per week. 2500 you will not change; more than 2500 you will gain. For women, it’s about 500 less overall.

-exercising burns calories. Today’s goal – amount eaten – amount burned (via exercise, including steps so wear a step counter) = net calories not used for that day. Try to have this net number be 0. If your goal is 1500, and you eat 2000 and burn 500, your net is 0. Since your daily goal is 1500, this daily 0 means you lost weight. Another way to look at it is to set a goal for 2000 daily (the amount where you don’t lose or gain) and try to be negative at the end of the day. If you’re at 0, no change; at positive, gained; in the negative, you lost weight. Caution: just because you exercise doesn’t mean you can eat more. The only time you can eat more is if your net caloric intake for the day is in the negative. If you are in the positive net caloric intake that day (meaning you will gain weight that day from the excess energy you’ve consumed), do some extra exercise. Now you know that Snickers isn’t just a 10 second mercy, it’s a half hour jog. Not so satisfying now, is it?

-having the motivation to change is so much easier when we know specifically how to change, or in other words, doing a large goal is so much easier if we know what little goals need to happen to make that bigger goal occur. Like the student who waits till last minute on an assignment and does poorly or even fails, so is the person who doesn’t do small goals to get their big goal. Being in the appropriate weight range (BMI) is impossible without small goals/checkpoints.

-One important note is the fundamental concept that if the calories you are eating are healthier, you’ll lose weight faster. One nutritionist said that a person will lose more weight eating 2500 calories per day of healthy foods than someone who eats 1500 per day of unhealthy foods. Don’t think that just because you eat healthy you don’t have to measure (count) energy (calories) intake.

-Beware: you will make excuses about why counting calories isn’t applicable or important to your health. There is a tendency to think that people with healthy bodies are just lucky that they don’t have “x” trial that you do. Most people have health problems, and those with healthy bodies are they who have overcome the common and uncommon barriers to health. My nutrition professor says that she can find ways for just about anyone to exercise, etc., even if they have a bad foot or whatever else if they don’t make excuses. Counting takes some amount of time. If your health is a high priority to you, find the time. Hire a nutritionist for a monthly meeting for a small fee.

-To wrap things up, life isn’t all about how much you weigh. Go have fun, go socialize. If you’re single, go on tons of dates with tons of people. Living to the fullest while not at your best health is a way of expressing that you believe in your ability to improve your health. You’ll lose weight faster if you’re not neglecting your social life than if your plan were to hide in a cave until you were perfect. Being involved in society helps you see how happy and effective people who are being responsible with their bodies. We often think that having a healthy and limited diet means we won’t enjoy life, and seeing healthy people (especially interacting with them) helps us know the reality of the joy of healthy lifestyles. Being depressed is a sign that you don’t think you can change, and leads to reclusively, and your favorite coping mechanism: putting energy (calories) in your body. With prayer to God in the name of Jesus Christ, and little tools to help you understand what’s really going on with your body, you can change! So be faithful, and be educated about your body!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Staple Quick Vegan: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary

 

 

Primary:

-wheat bread

-potatoes

-salt

-canned or fresh fruit

-canned or fresh veggies

-oats

-honey

-wheat (boiled)

-can opener

-beans

 

Secondary:

-barbeque sauce

-pepper

-onions

-garlic cloves

-tortillas

-cream (for wheat)

-frosted shredded wheat cereal

-flavored oatmeal

-corn (canned)

-multivitamin

-sunflower seeds (unsalted)

 

Tertiary:

-lemon pepper

-ramen salad

-lemon

-corn bread

-plant protein powder

-pickles

-stevia

 

Stay Awake Vegan Foods

-dandelion root drink

-sunflower seeds salted or unsalted

-fruit juice

-gum

-hot sauce

-ice (chew)

-ice (on feet)

-vit c

-Tylenol

-candy

-healthy baked low sodium potato chips, esp. sweet potato

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dallin Whitney’s Secret to Success Smoothie

 

 

 

… my prized beverage for years and many of my clients. It is designed to be taken post-workout within that 1st hour after exercise. You can drink it anytime though, it’s great first thing in the morning too. It is designed so that it meets a 1:3 -1:4 ratio for protein to carbohydrate ratio. You should get about 15-25 grams of protein to 60-100 grams of carbohydrate post exercise. Water is most important though and is what the scale should be used for at the gym, so that you can monitor who much water you lost during exercise and what you need to drink to get back to the weight you were prior to that workout that day so that you are rehydrated.

Recipe

*12-16 ounces of milk (1%) depending on how thick or thin you’d like your smoothie. (chocolate milk if you worked out for more than 1 hour due to having more simple sugars needed due to depleting more glycogen from the glycolytic energy system)

*About 1 cup of frozen berries or mixed berries (dragon fruit, pineapple, blueberries, strawberries, etc.) This is where diversity comes in and you can have something slightly different every time. Also heavy antioxidant content in the berries will help fight off all the free radicals floating around in your body after exercise to prevent your body from going in to a state of acidosis causing muscle dystrophy or the muscles breaking down more than what is necessary.

*Up to ten leaves of spinach. You will hardly taste that it is in there but helps with B12 levels, iron, and circulatory system integrity to get the nutrients where they need to go.

*1 teaspoon of ginger for added flavor (optional), minor contributor to intestinal health

*1 teaspoon of cinnamon for added flavor (optional), minor contributor to heart health

*1-2 Tbsp of chia and/or flax seeds. The chia seeds have a larger amount of omega 3’s and will provide the body with healthy fats to transport fat soluble vitamins such as Vitamin A, D, E, and K. Also components of Chia seed are the antecedent to many anti-inflammatories in your body. Flax will have more Omega-6, which are also necessary and useful for transportation of nutrients post exercise.

 

 

 

 

Perhaps Medical, Never Recreational Caffeine

 

I’m for medicinal caffeine use not recreational. We can talk about this because it’s a public health issue (so many can’t go without this drug for their daily routine!) although less important than some others. We all know the stuff is toxic ( look at the pics of spiders making webs on caffeine, etc., no longer artful or cohesive) but pulling all-nighters when you work during the day, with any amount of brain usage during the night, is impossible without it. President Uchtdorf this conference says he used it some when he had to get through some tough classes, seems we have to do this now and then. Granted, we should not eat any junk food including soda, with or without caffeine, both are bad! Utah is one of the most obese places, and people call us hypocrites having our laws of health yet being unhealthy; we are being tested in the little things to see if we will follow the spirit with our conscience, or if we will follow Satan who also whispers to our conscience. We must choose. We certainly don’t need use coffee or non-herbal tea since that takes our temple recommend. Of course it would be silly to be addicted to daily use of the stuff, in whatever form. I can sometimes go with 5 hours sleep average without the stuff, but when you get below that is when things get really rough. Of course if you’re averaging less than 5 hours sleep in general you should probably rethink your routine rather than take up caffeine. And of course like any other drug you’ll develop a tolerance to it over time needing more and more. In short, a lifestyle chronically sleep deprived isn’t sustainable even with caffeine, so you may as well not use the stuff on a regular basis, and only on cases of extreme and rare need. All of this said however does NOT excuse the use of substances specifically outlawed in The Word of Wisdom, namely coffee and non-herbal teas. We must obey The Word of Wisdom to have a temple recommend, don’t play around with that stuff. We don’t know all the reasons why those things have specifically been forbidden while other perhaps similar substances have not. The outlawing of said items does suggest the extreme care and awareness we must use if we choose to use caffeinated products as a medicinal aid for rare occasions. We fear God, and obey his laws. The world doesn’t understand us, it never has. We are the people of Zion, serving God with all our hearts, mights, minds, and souls. We don’t have answers to all of our questions, but we have enough answers to know that we must obey God. We are committed to being his “peculiar” people.

 

 

 

Notes on CPR Training by the AHA

Based on American Heart Association Training

2018

100-120 compressions per minute.
2 inches deep compressions, not more than 2.4, most people don’t go deep enough.
Stop compression for breaths for less than 10 seconds.
Need bare chest.
Carry pocket knife so can cut clothes.
30 compression then 2 breaths.
For breaths watch chest rise
Hold mask in c shape with 1 hand other hand lift chin.
Keep a bag valve mask handy.
If heart rate returns but no breathing, give 2 breaths every 5 seconds.
Place aed pads one above right breast other on left side of torso, should be labeled.
Have a razor to shave chest hair.
If have 2 sets of pads try one with hair and shave if aed says not connected then place the new set on.
Not place aed pad over med pad or heart monitor implant.
Anyone over age 8 use adult aed pads.
Infant CPR use thumbs to do 1.5″ compressions.
Infant compression to breaths 15:2.
Mouth to mouth must plug their nose.
Cardiac arrest give 2 breaths but just 1 for respiratory arrest.
Baby choke can hit back just between shoulders 5x then 5 chest compression if not conscious, 5 stomach thrusts if conscious.
Adult Heimlich if pregnant or too day do the thrusts over chest instead of abdomen.

 

Nutrition Appendix A: Jane Birch Dental Health WFPB resources

Dental & Oral Health on a WFPB Diet (Last updated 3-8-19)

Collected by Jane Birch, author of Discovering the Word of Wisdom

http://discoveringthewordofwisdom.com

Please email Jane if you find a broken link (or have any questions) EMAIL JANE

For more WFPB topics see: Topics A-Z

 

Dr. McDougall, “Teeth and Health”

https://www.drmcdougall.com/health/education/videos/mcdougalls-moments/teeth-and-health/

Plant-Based Diets: Oral Health

http://nutritionfacts.org/video/plant-based-diets-oral-health/

Plant-Based Diets: Dental Health

http://nutritionfacts.org/video/plant-based-diets-dental-health/

What’s the Best Mouthwash?

http://nutritionfacts.org/video/whats-the-best-mouthwash/

Do Vegans Get More Cavities?

http://nutritionfacts.org/2013/07/25/do-vegans-get-more-cavities/

How to Treat Periodontitis with Diet

Michael Greger M.D. FACLM  February 25th, 2019  Volume 45

https://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-to-treat-periodontitis-with-diet/

 

 

 

 

Nutrition Appendix B: Lies & Medical Science by David Freedman

 

October 31, 2010
The Atlantic
November 2010

see also http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/11/lies-damned-lies-and-medical–
science/8269/

Much of what medical researchers conclude in their studies is misleading, exaggerated, or flat-out wrong. So why are doctors—to a striking extent—still drawing upon misinformation in their everyday practice?

Dr. John Ioannidis (considered one of the world’s leading expert on medical research) has spent his career challenging his peers by exposing their bad science.

IN 2001, RUMORS were circulating in Greek hospitals that surgery residents, eager to rack up scalpel time, were falsely diagnosing hapless Albanian immigrants with appendicitis. At the University of Ioannina medical school’s teaching hospital, a newly minted doctor named Athina Tatsioni was discussing the rumors with colleagues when a professor who had verheard asked her if she’d like to try to prove whether they were true—he seemed to be almost daring her. She accepted the challenge and, with the professor’s and other colleagues‟ help, eventually produced a formal study showing that, for whatever reason, the appendices removed from patients with Albanian names in six Greek hospitals were more than three times as likely to be perfectly healthy as those removed from patients with Greek names. “It was hard to find a journal willing to publish it, but we did,” recalls Tatsioni. “I also discovered that I really liked research.” Good thing, because the study had actually been a sort of audition. The professor, it turned out, had been putting together a team of exceptionally brash and curious young clinicians and Ph.D.s to join him in tackling an unusual and controversial agenda.

Last spring, I sat in on one of the team’s weekly meetings on the medical school’s campus, which is plunked crazily across a series of sharp hills. The building in which we met, like most at the school, had the look of a barracks and was festooned with political graffiti. But the group convened in a spacious conference room that would have been at home at a Silicon Valley start-up. Sprawled around a large table were Tatsioni and eight other youngish Greek researchers and physicians who, in contrast to the pasty younger staff frequently seen in U.S. hospitals, looked like the casually glamorous cast of a television medical drama. The professor, a dapper and soft-spoken man named John Ioannidis, loosely presided.

One of the researchers, a biostatistician named Georgia Salanti, fired up a laptop and projector and started to take the group through a study she and a few colleagues were completing that asked this question: were drug companies manipulating published research to make their drugs look good? Salanti ticked off data that seemed to indicate they were, but the other team members almost immediately started interrupting. One noted that Salanti‟s study didn’t address the fact that drug-company research wasn’t measuring critically important “hard” outcomes for patients such as survival versus death, and instead tended to measure “softer” outcomes, such as self-reported symptoms (“my chest doesn’t hurt as much today”). Another pointed out that Salanti‟s study ignored the fact that when drug-company data seemed to show patients‟ health improving, the data often failed to show that the drug was responsible, or that the improvement was more than marginal.

Salanti remained poised, as if the grilling were par for the course, and gamely acknowledged that the suggestions were all good—but a single study can’t prove everything, she said. Just as I was getting the sense that the data in drug studies were endlessly malleable, Ioannidis, who had mostly been listening, delivered what felt like a coup de grâce: wasn’t it possible, he asked, that drug companies were carefully selecting the topics of their studies—for example, comparing their new drugs against those already known to be inferior to others on the market—so that they
were ahead of the game even before the data juggling began? “Maybe sometimes it‟s the questions that are biased, not the answers,” he said, flashing a friendly smile. Everyone nodded. Though the results of drug studies often make newspaper headlines, you have to wonder whether they prove anything at all. Indeed, given the breadth of the potential problems raised at the meeting, can any medical-research studies be trusted?

That question has been central to Ioannidis‟s career. He’s what’s known as a meta-researcher, and he’s become one of the world’s foremost experts on the credibility of medical research. He and his team have shown, again and again, and in many different ways, that much of what biomedical researchers conclude in published studies—conclusions that doctors keep in mind when they prescribe antibiotics or blood-pressure medication, or when they advise us to consume more fiber or less meat, or when they recommend surgery for heart disease or back pain—is misleading, exaggerated, and often flat-out wrong. He charges that as much as 90 percent of the published medical information that doctors rely on is flawed. His work has been widely accepted by the medical community; it has been published in the field‟s top journals, where it is heavily cited; and he is a big draw at conferences. Given this exposure, and the fact that his work broadly targets everyone else’s work in medicine, as well as everything that physicians do and all the health advice we get, Ioannidis may be one of the most influential scientists alive. Yet for all his influence, he worries that the field of medical research is so pervasively flawed, and so riddled with conflicts of interest, that it might be chronically resistant to change—or even to publicly admitting that there’s a problem.

THE CITY OF IOANNINA is a big college town a short drive from the ruins of a 20,000-seat amphitheater and a Zeusian sanctuary built at the site of the Dodona oracle. The oracle was said to have issued pronouncements to priests through the rustling of a sacred oak tree. Today, a different oak tree at the site provides visitors with a chance to try their own hands at extracting a prophecy. “I take all the researchers who visit me here, and almost every single one of them asks the tree the same question,” Ioannidis tells me, as we contemplate the tree the day after the team’s meeting. “„Will my research grant be approved?‟” He chuckles, but Ioannidis (pronounced yo-NEE-dees) tends to laugh not so much in mirth as to soften the sting of his attack. And sure enough, he goes on to suggest that an obsession with winning funding has gone a long way toward weakening the reliability of medical research.

He first stumbled on the sorts of problems plaguing the field, he explains, as a young physician-researcher in the early 1990s at Harvard. At the time, he was interested in diagnosing rare diseases, for which a lack of case data can leave doctors with little to go on other than intuition and rules of thumb. But he noticed that doctors seemed to proceed in much the same manner even when it came to cancer, heart disease, and other common ailments. Where were the hard data that would back up their treatment decisions? There was plenty of published research, but
much of it was remarkably unscientific, based largely on observations of a small number of cases. A new “evidence-based medicine” movement was just starting to gather force, and Ioannidis decided to throw himself into it, working first with prominent researchers at Tufts University and then taking positions at Johns Hopkins University and the National Institutes of Health. He was unusually well armed: he had been a math prodigy of near-celebrity status in
high school in Greece, and had followed his parents, who were both physician-researchers, into medicine. Now he’d have a chance to combine math and medicine by applying rigorous statistical analysis to what seemed a surprisingly sloppy field. “I assumed that everything we physicians did was basically right, but now I was going to help verify it,” he says. “All we’d have to do was systematically review the evidence, trust what it told us, and then everything
would be perfect.”

It didn’t turn out that way. In poring over medical journals, he was struck by how many findings of all types were refuted by later findings. Of course, medical-science “never minds” are hardly secret. And they sometimes make headlines, as when in recent years large studies or growing consensuses of researchers concluded that mammograms, colonoscopies, and PSA tests are far less useful cancer-detection tools than we had been told; or when widely prescribed antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil were revealed to be no more effective than a placebo for most cases of depression; or when we learned that staying out of the sun entirely can actually increase cancer risks; or when we were told that the advice to drink lots of water during intense exercise was potentially fatal; or when, last April, we were informed that taking fish oil, exercising, and doing puzzles doesn’t really help fend off Alzheimer’s disease, as long claimed. Peer-reviewed studies have come to opposite conclusions on whether using cell phones can cause brain cancer, whether sleeping more than eight hours a night is healthful or dangerous, whether taking aspirin every day is more likely to save your life or cut it short, and whether routine angioplasty works better than pills to unclog heart arteries.

But beyond the headlines, Ioannidis was shocked at the range and reach of the reversals he was seeing in everyday medical research. “Randomized controlled trials,” which compare how one group responds to a treatment against how an identical group fares without the treatment, had long been considered nearly unshakable evidence, but they, too, ended up being wrong some of the time. “I realized even our gold-standard research had a lot of problems,” he says. Baffled, he started looking for the specific ways in which studies were going wrong. And before long he
discovered that the range of errors being committed was astonishing: from what questions researchers posed, to how they set up the studies, to which patients they recruited for the studies, to which measurements they took, to how they analyzed the data, to how they presented their results, to how particular studies came to be published in medical journals.

This array suggested a bigger, underlying dysfunction, and Ioannidis thought he knew what it was. “The studies were biased,” he says. “Sometimes they were overtly biased. Sometimes it was difficult to see the bias, but it was there.” Researchers headed into their studies wanting certain results—and, lo and behold, they were getting them. We think of the scientific process as being objective, rigorous, and even ruthless in separating out what is true from what we merely wish to be true, but in fact it‟s easy to manipulate results, even unintentionally or unconsciously. “At every step in the process, there is room to distort results, a way to make a stronger claim or to select what is going to be concluded,” says Ioannidis. “There is an intellectual conflict of interest that pressures researchers to find whatever it is that is most likely to get them funded.”

Perhaps only a minority of researchers were succumbing to this bias, but their distorted findings were having an outsize effect on published research. To get funding and tenured positions, and often merely to stay afloat, researchers have to get their work published in well-regarded journals, where rejection rates can climb above 90 percent. Not surprisingly, the studies that tend to make the grade are those with eye-catching findings. But while coming up with eye-catching theories is relatively easy, getting reality to bear them out is another matter. The great majority collapse under the weight of contradictory data when studied rigorously. Imagine, though, that five different research teams test an interesting theory that’s making the rounds, and four of the groups correctly prove the idea false, while the one less cautious group incorrectly “proves” it true through some combination of error, fluke, and clever selection of data. Guess whose findings your doctor ends up reading about in the journal, and you end up hearing about on the evening news? Researchers can sometimes win attention by refuting a prominent finding, which can help to at least raise doubts about results, but in general it is far more rewarding to add a new insight or exciting-sounding twist to existing research than to retest its basic premises—after all, simply re-proving someone else’s results is unlikely to get you published, and attempting to undermine the work of respected colleagues can have ugly professional repercussions.

In the late 1990s, Ioannidis set up a base at the University of Ioannina. He pulled together his team, which remains largely intact today, and started chipping away at the problem in a series of papers that pointed out specific ways certain studies were getting misleading results. Other meta-researchers were also starting to spotlight disturbingly high rates of error in the medical literature. But Ioannidis wanted to get the big picture across, and to do so with solid data, clear reasoning, and good statistical analysis. The project dragged on, until finally he retreated to the
tiny island of Sikinos in the Aegean Sea, where he drew inspiration from the relatively primitive surroundings and the intellectual traditions they recalled. “A pervasive theme of ancient Greek literature is that you need to pursue the truth, no matter what the truth might be,” he says. In 2005, he unleashed two papers that challenged the foundations of medical research.

He chose to publish one paper, fittingly, in the online journal PLoS Medicine, which is committed to running any methodologically sound article without regard to how “interesting” the results may be. In the paper, Ioannidis laid out a detailed mathematical proof that, assuming modest levels of researcher bias, typically imperfect research techniques, and the well-known tendency to focus on exciting rather than highly plausible theories, researchers will come up with wrong findings most of the time. Simply put, if you’re attracted to ideas that have a good chance
of being wrong, and if you’re motivated to prove them right, and if you have a little wiggle room in how you assemble the evidence, you’ll probably succeed in proving wrong theories right. His model predicted, in different fields of medical research, rates of wrongness roughly corresponding to the observed rates at which findings were later convincingly refuted: 80 percent of non-randomized studies (by far the most common type) turn out to be wrong, as do 25 percent of supposedly gold-standard randomized trials, and as much as 10 percent of the platinum-standard large randomized trials. The article spelled out his belief that researchers were frequently manipulating data analyses, chasing career-advancing findings rather than good science, and even using the peer-review process—in which journals ask researchers to help decide which studies to publish—to suppress opposing views. “You can question some of the details of John’s calculations, but it’s hard to argue that the essential ideas aren’t absolutely
correct,” says Doug Altman, an Oxford University researcher who directs the Centre for Statistics in Medicine.

Still, Ioannidis anticipated that the community might shrug off his findings: sure, a lot of dubious research makes it into journals, but we researchers and physicians know to ignore it and focus on the good stuff, so what’s the big deal? The other paper headed off that claim. He zoomed in on 49 of the most highly regarded research findings in medicine over the previous 13 years, as judged by the science community’s two standard measures: the papers had appeared in the journals most widely cited in research articles, and the 49 articles themselves were the most
widely cited articles in these journals. These were articles that helped lead to the widespread popularity of treatments such as the use of hormone-replacement therapy for menopausal women, vitamin E to reduce the risk of heart disease, coronary stents to ward off heart attacks, and daily low-dose aspirin to control blood pressure and prevent heart attacks and strokes. Ioannidis was putting his contentions to the test not against run-of-the-mill research, or even merely well-accepted research, but against the absolute tip of the research pyramid. Of the 49
articles, 45 claimed to have uncovered effective interventions. Thirty-four of these claims had been retested, and 14 of these, or 41 percent, had been convincingly shown to be wrong or significantly exaggerated. If between a third and a half of the most acclaimed research in medicine was proving untrustworthy, the scope and impact of the problem were undeniable. That article was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

DRIVING ME BACK to campus in his smallish SUV—after insisting, as he apparently does with all his visitors, on showing me a nearby lake and the six monasteries situated on an islet within it—Ioannidis apologized profusely for running a yellow light, explaining with a laugh that he didn’t trust the truck behind him to stop. Considering his willingness, even eagerness, to slap the face of the medical-research community, Ioannidis comes off as thoughtful, upbeat, and deeply civil. He’s a careful listener, and his frequent grin and semi-apologetic chuckle can make the sharp prodding of his arguments seem almost good-natured. He is as quick, if not quicker, to question his own motives and competence as anyone else’s. A neat and compact 45-year-old with a trim mustache, he presents as a sort of dashing nerd—Giancarlo Giannini with a bit of Mr. Bean.

The humility and graciousness seem to serve him well in getting across a message that is not easy to digest or, for that matter, believe: that even highly regarded researchers at prestigious institutions sometimes churn out attention-grabbing findings rather than findings likely to be right. But Ioannidis points out that obviously questionable findings cram the pages of top medical journals, not to mention the morning headlines. Consider, he says, the endless stream of results from nutritional studies in which researchers follow thousands of people for some number
of years, tracking what they eat and what supplements they take, and how their health changes over the course of the study. “Then the researchers start asking, „What did vitamin E do? What did vitamin C or D or A do? What changed with calorie intake, or protein or fat intake? What happened to cholesterol levels? Who got what type of cancer?‟” he says. “They run everything through the mill, one at a time, and they start finding associations, and eventually conclude that vitamin X lowers the risk of cancer Y, or this food helps with the risk of that disease.” In a single week this fall, Google’s news page offered these headlines: “More Omega-3 Fats Didn’t Aid Heart Patients”; “Fruits, Vegetables Cut Cancer Risk for Smokers”; “Soy May Ease Sleep Problems in Older Women”; and dozens of similar stories.

When a five-year study of 10,000 people finds that those who take more vitamin X are less likely to get cancer Y, you’d think you have pretty good reason to take more vitamin X, and physicians routinely pass these recommendations on to patients. But these studies often sharply conflict with one another. Studies have gone back and forth on the cancer-preventing powers of vitamins A, D, and E; on the heart-health benefits of eating fat and carbs; and even on the question of whether being overweight is more likely to extend or shorten your life. How should we choose among these dueling, high-profile nutritional findings? Ioannidis suggests a simple approach:
ignore them all.

For starters, he explains, the odds are that in any large database of many nutritional and health factors, there will be a few apparent connections that are in fact merely flukes, not real health effects—it’s a bit like combing through long, random strings of letters and claiming there’s an important message in any words that happen to turn up. But even if a study managed to highlight a genuine health connection to some nutrient, you’re unlikely to benefit much from taking more of it, because we consume thousands of nutrients that act together as a sort of network, and
changing intake of just one of them is bound to cause ripples throughout the network that are far too complex for these studies to detect, and that may be as likely to harm you as help you. Even if changing that one factor does bring on the claimed improvement, there’s still a good chance that it won’t do you much good in the long run, because these studies rarely go on long enough to track the decades-long course of disease and ultimately death. Instead, they track easily measurable health “markers” such as cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood-sugar levels, and meta-experts have shown that changes in these markers often don’t correlate as well with long-term health as we have been led to believe.

On the relatively rare occasions when a study does go on long enough to track mortality, the findings frequently upend those of the shorter studies. (For example, though the vast majority of studies of overweight individuals link excess weight to ill health, the longest of them haven’t convincingly shown that overweight people are likely to die sooner, and a few of them have seemingly demonstrated that moderately overweight people are likely to live longer.) And these problems are aside from ubiquitous measurement errors (for example, people habitually misreport their diets in studies), routine misanalysis (researchers rely on complex software capable of juggling results in ways they don’t always understand), and the less common, but serious, problem of outright fraud (which has been revealed, in confidential surveys, to be much more widespread than scientists like to acknowledge).

If a study somehow avoids every one of these problems and finds a real connection to long-term changes in health, you’re still not guaranteed to benefit, because studies report average results that typically represent a vast range of individual outcomes. Should you be among the lucky minority that stands to benefit, don’t expect a noticeable improvement in your health, because studies usually detect only modest effects that merely tend to whittle your chances of succumbing to a particular disease from small to somewhat smaller. “The odds that anything useful will survive from any of these studies are poor,” says Ioannidis—dismissing in a breath a good chunk of the research into which we sink about $100 billion a year in the United States alone.

And so it goes for all medical studies, he says. Indeed, nutritional studies aren’t the worst. Drug studies have the added corruptive force of financial conflict of interest. The exciting links between genes and various diseases and traits that are relentlessly hyped in the press for heralding miraculous around-the-corner treatments for everything from colon cancer to schizophrenia have in the past proved so vulnerable to error and distortion, Ioannidis has found, that in some cases you’d have done about as well by throwing darts at a chart of the genome. (These studies seem to have improved somewhat in recent years, but whether they will hold up or be useful in treatment are still open questions.) Vioxx, Zelnorm, and Baycol were among the widely prescribed drugs found to be safe and effective in large randomized controlled trials before the drugs were yanked from the market as unsafe or not so effective, or both.

“Often the claims made by studies are so extravagant that you can immediately cross them out without needing to know much about the specific problems with the studies,” Ioannidis says. But of course it’s that very extravagance of claim (one large randomized controlled trial even proved that secret prayer by unknown parties can save the lives of heart-surgery patients, while another proved that secret prayer can harm them) that helps gets these findings into journals and then into our treatments and lifestyles, especially when the claim builds on impressive-sounding evidence. “Even when the evidence shows that a particular research idea is wrong, if you have thousands of scientists who have invested their careers in it, they’ll continue to publish papers on it,” he says. “It’s like an epidemic, in the sense that they’re infected with these wrong ideas, and they’re spreading it to other researchers through journals.”

THOUGH SCIENTISTS AND science journalists are constantly talking up the value of the peer-review process, researchers admit among themselves that biased, erroneous, and even blatantly fraudulent studies easily slip through it. Nature, the grande dame of science journals, stated in a 2006 editorial, “Scientists understand that peer review per se provides only a minimal assurance of quality, and that the public conception of peer review as a stamp of authentication is far from the truth.” What’s more, the peer-review process often pressures researchers to shy away from striking out in genuinely new directions, and instead to build on the findings of their colleagues (that is, their potential reviewers) in ways that only seem like breakthroughs—as with the exciting-sounding gene linkages (autism genes identified!) and nutritional findings (olive oil lowers blood pressure!) that are really just dubious and conflicting variations on a theme.

Most journal editors don’t even claim to protect against the problems that plague these studies. University and government research overseers rarely step in to directly enforce research quality, and when they do, the science community goes ballistic over the outside interference. The ultimate protection against research error and bias is supposed to come from the way scientists constantly retest each other’s results—except they don’t. Only the most prominent findings are likely to be put to the test, because there’s likely to be publication payoff in firming up the proof, or contradicting it.

But even for medicine’s most influential studies, the evidence sometimes remains surprisingly narrow. Of those 45 super-cited studies that Ioannidis focused on, 11 had never been retested. Perhaps worse, Ioannidis found that even when a research error is outed, it typically persists for years or even decades. He looked at three prominent health studies from the 1980s and 1990s that were each later soundly refuted, and discovered that researchers continued to cite the original results as correct more often than as flawed—in one case for at least 12 years after the results were discredited.

Doctors may notice that their patients don’t seem to fare as well with certain treatments as the literature would lead them to expect, but the field is appropriately conditioned to subjugate such anecdotal evidence to study findings. Yet much, perhaps even most, of what doctors do has never been formally put to the test in credible studies, given that the need to do so became obvious to the field only in the 1990s, leaving it playing catch-up with a century or more of non-evidence- based medicine, and contributing to Ioannidis‟s shockingly high estimate of the degree to which
medical knowledge is flawed. That we’re not routinely made seriously ill by this shortfall, he argues, is due largely to the fact that most medical interventions and advice don’t address life-and-death situations, but rather aim to leave us marginally healthier or less unhealthy, so we usually neither gain nor risk all that much.

Medical research is not especially plagued with wrongness. Other meta-research experts have confirmed that similar issues distort research in all fields of science, from physics to economics (where the highly regarded economists J. Bradford DeLong and Kevin Lang once showed how a remarkably consistent paucity of strong evidence in published economics studies made it unlikely that any of them were right). And needless to say, things only get worse when it comes to the pop expertise that endlessly spews at us from diet, relationship, investment, and parenting gurus and pundits. But we expect more of scientists, and especially of medical scientists, given that we believe we are staking our lives on their results. The public hardly recognizes how bad a bet this is. The medical community itself might still be largely oblivious to the scope of the problem, if Ioannidis hadn’t forced a confrontation when he published his studies in 2005.

Ioannidis initially thought the community might come out fighting. Instead, it seemed relieved, as if it had been guiltily waiting for someone to blow the whistle, and eager to hear more. David Gorski, a surgeon and researcher at Detroit‟s Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, noted in his prominent medical blog that when he presented Ioannidis‟s paper on highly cited research at a professional meeting, “not a single one of my surgical colleagues was the least bit surprised or disturbed by its findings.” Ioannidis offers a theory for the relatively calm reception. “I think that people didn’t feel I was only trying to provoke them, because I showed that it was a community problem, instead of pointing fingers at individual examples of bad research,” he says. In a sense, he gave scientists an opportunity to cluck about the wrongness without having to acknowledge that they themselves succumb to it—it was something everyone else did.

To say that Ioannidis‟s work has been embraced would be an understatement. His PLoS Medicine paper is the most downloaded in the journal’s history, and it’s not even Ioannidis‟s most-cited work—that would be a paper he published in Nature Genetics on the problems with gene-link studies. Other researchers are eager to work with him: he has published papers with 1,328 different co-authors at 538 institutions in 43 countries, he says. Last year he received, by his estimate, invitations to speak at 1,000 conferences and institutions around the world, and he was accepting an average of about five invitations a month until a case last year of excessive-travel-induced vertigo led him to cut back. Even so, in the weeks before I visited him he had addressed an AIDS conference in San Francisco, the European Society for Clinical Investigation, Harvard‟s School of Public Health, and the medical schools at Stanford and Tufts.

The irony of his having achieved this sort of success by accusing the medical-research community of chasing after success is not lost on him, and he notes that it ought to raise the question of whether he himself might be pumping up his findings. “If I did a study and the results showed that in fact there wasn’t really much bias in research, would I be willing to publish it?” he asks. “That would create a real psychological conflict for me.” But his bigger worry, he says, is that while his fellow researchers seem to be getting the message, he hasn’t necessarily forced anyone to do a better job. He fears he won’t in the end have done much to improve anyone’s health. “There may not be fierce objections to what I’m saying,” he explains. “But it’s difficult to change the way that everyday doctors, patients, and healthy people think and behave.”

AS HELTER-SKELTER as the University of Ioannina Medical School campus looks, the hospital abutting it looks reassuringly stolid. Athina Tatsioni has offered to take me on a tour of the facility, but we make it only as far as the entrance when she is greeted—accosted, really—by a worried-looking older woman. Tatsioni, normally a bit reserved, is warm and animated with the woman, and the two have a brief but intense conversation before embracing and saying goodbye. Tatsioni explains to me that the woman and her husband were patients of hers years ago; now the husband has been admitted to the hospital with abdominal pains, and Tatsioni has promised she’ll stop by his room later to say hello. Recalling the appendicitis story, I prod a bit, and she confesses she plans to do her own exam. She needs to be circumspect, though, so she won’t appear to be second-guessing the other doctors.

Tatsioni doesn’t so much fear that someone will carve out the man’s healthy appendix. Rather, she’s concerned that, like many patients, he’ll end up with prescriptions for multiple drugs that will do little to help him, and may well harm him. “Usually what happens is that the doctor will ask for a suite of biochemical tests—liver fat, pancreas function, and so on,” she tells me. “The tests could turn up something, but they’re probably irrelevant. Just having a good talk with the patient and getting a close history is much more likely to tell me what’s wrong.” Of course, the doctors have all been trained to order these tests, she notes, and doing so is a lot quicker than a long bedside chat. They’re also trained to ply the patient with whatever drugs might help whack any errant test numbers back into line. What they’re not trained to do is to go back and look at the research papers that helped make these drugs the standard of care. “When you look the papers up, you often find the drugs didn’t even work better than a placebo. And no one tested how they worked in combination with the other drugs,” she says. “Just taking the patient off everything can improve their health right away.” But not only is checking out the research another time-consuming task, patients often don’t even like it when they’re taken off their drugs, she explains; they find their prescriptions reassuring.

Later, Ioannidis tells me he makes a point of having several clinicians on his team. “Researchers and physicians often don’t understand each other; they speak different languages,” he says. Knowing that some of his researchers are spending more than half their time seeing patients makes him feel the team is better positioned to bridge that gap; their experience informs the team’s research with firsthand knowledge, and helps the team shape its papers in a way more likely to hit home with physicians. It’s not that he envisions doctors making all their decisions based solely on solid evidence—there’s simply too much complexity in patient treatment to pin down every situation with a great study. “Doctors need to rely on instinct and judgment to make choices,” he says. “But these choices should be as informed as possible by the evidence. And if the evidence isn’t good, doctors should know that, too. And so should patients.”

In fact, the question of whether the problems with medical research should be broadcast to the public is a sticky one in the meta-research community. Already feeling that they‟re fighting to keep patients from turning to alternative medical treatments such as homeopathy, or misdiagnosing themselves on the Internet, or simply neglecting medical treatment altogether, many researchers and physicians aren‟t eager to provide even more reason to be skeptical of
what doctors do—not to mention how public disenchantment with medicine could affect research funding. Ioannidis dismisses these concerns. “If we don‟t tell the public about these problems, then we‟re no better than nonscientists who falsely claim they can heal,” he says. “If the drugs don‟t work and we‟re not sure how to treat something, why should we claim differently? Some fear that there may be less funding because we stop claiming we can prove we have miraculous treatments. But if we can‟t really provide those miracles, how long will we be able to fool the
public anyway? The scientific enterprise is probably the most fantastic achievement in human history, but that doesn‟t mean we have a right to overstate what we‟re accomplishing.”

We could solve much of the wrongness problem, Ioannidis says, if the world simply stopped expecting scientists to be right. That‟s because being wrong in science is fine, and even necessary—as long as scientists recognize that they blew it, report their mistake openly instead of disguising it as a success, and then move on to the next thing, until they come up with the very occasional genuine breakthrough. But as long as careers remain contingent on producing a stream of research that‟s dressed up to seem more right than it is, scientists will keep delivering exactly that.

“Science is a noble endeavor, but it‟s also a low-yield endeavor,” he says. “I‟m not sure that more than a very small percentage of medical research is ever likely to lead to major improvements in clinical outcomes and quality of life. We should be very comfortable with that fact.”

This article available online at:

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/11/lies-damned-lies-and-medical–
science/8269/

Copyright © 2010 by The Atlantic Monthly Group. All Rights Reserved. (2289)

(considered the world’s leading expert on medical research) has spent his career challenging his peers by exposing their bad science.

By David H. Freedman

IMAGE CREDIT: ROBYN TWOMEY/REDUX

IN 2001, RUMORS were circulating in Greek hospitals that surgery residents, eager to rack up scalpel time, were falsely diagnosing hapless Albanian immigrants with appendicitis. At the University of Ioannina medical school‟s teaching hospital, a newly minted doctor named Athina Tatsioni was discussing the rumors with colleagues when a professor who had verheard asked her if she‟d like to try to prove whether they were true—he seemed to be almost daring her. She accepted the challenge and, with the professor‟s and other colleagues‟ help, eventually produced a formal study showing that, for whatever reason, the appendices removed from patients with Albanian names in six Greek hospitals were more than three times as likely to be perfectly healthy as those removed from patients with Greek names. “It was hard to find a journal willing to publish it, but we did,” recalls Tatsioni. “I also discovered that I really liked research.” Good thing, because the study had actually been a sort of audition. The professor, it turned out, had been putting together a team of exceptionally brash and curious young clinicians and Ph.D.s to join him in tackling an unusual and controversial agenda.

Last spring, I sat in on one of the team‟s weekly meetings on the medical school‟s campus, which is plunked crazily across a series of sharp hills. The building in which we met, like most at the school, had the look of a barracks and was festooned with political graffiti. But the group convened in a spacious conference room that would have been at home at a Silicon Valley start-up. Sprawled around a large table were Tatsioni and eight other youngish Greek researchers and physicians who, in contrast to the pasty younger staff frequently seen in U.S. hospitals, looked like the casually glamorous cast of a television medical drama. The professor, a dapper and soft-spoken man named John Ioannidis, loosely presided.

One of the researchers, a biostatistician named Georgia Salanti, fired up a laptop and projector and started to take the group through a study she and a few colleagues were completing that asked this question: were drug companies manipulating published research to make their drugs look good? Salanti ticked off data that seemed to indicate they were, but the other team members almost immediately started interrupting. One noted that Salanti‟s study didn‟t address the fact that drug-company research wasn‟t measuring critically important “hard” outcomes for patients such as survival versus death, and instead tended to measure “softer” outcomes, such as self-reported symptoms (“my chest doesn‟t hurt as much today”). Another pointed out that Salanti‟s study ignored the fact that when drug-company data seemed to show patients‟ health improving, the data often failed to show that the drug was responsible, or that the improvement was more than marginal.

Salanti remained poised, as if the grilling were par for the course, and gamely acknowledged that the suggestions were all good—but a single study can‟t prove everything, she said. Just as I was getting the sense that the data in drug studies were endlessly malleable, Ioannidis, who had mostly been listening, delivered what felt like a coup de grâce: wasn‟t it possible, he asked, that drug companies were carefully selecting the topics of their studies—for example, comparing their new drugs against those already known to be inferior to others on the market—so that they
were ahead of the game even before the data juggling began? “Maybe sometimes it‟s the questions that are biased, not the answers,” he said, flashing a friendly smile. Everyone nodded. Though the results of drug studies often make newspaper headlines, you have to wonder whether they prove anything at all. Indeed, given the breadth of the potential problems raised at the meeting, can any medical-research studies be trusted?

That question has been central to Ioannidis‟s career. He‟s what‟s known as a meta-researcher, and he‟s become one of the world‟s foremost experts on the credibility of medical research. He and his team have shown, again and again, and in many different ways, that much of what biomedical researchers conclude in published studies—conclusions that doctors keep in mind when they prescribe antibiotics or blood-pressure medication, or when they advise us to consume more fiber or less meat, or when they recommend surgery for heart disease or back pain—is misleading, exaggerated, and often flat-out wrong. He charges that as much as 90 percent of the published medical information that doctors rely on is flawed. His work has been widely accepted by the medical community; it has been published in the field‟s top journals, where it is heavily cited; and he is a big draw at conferences. Given this exposure, and the fact that his work broadly targets everyone else‟s work in medicine, as well as everything that physicians do and all the health advice we get, Ioannidis may be one of the most influential scientists alive. Yet for all his influence, he worries that the field of medical research is so pervasively flawed, and so riddled with conflicts of interest, that it might be chronically resistant to change—or even to publicly admitting that there‟s a problem.

THE CITY OF IOANNINA is a big college town a short drive from the ruins of a 20,000-seat amphitheater and a Zeusian sanctuary built at the site of the Dodona oracle. The oracle was said to have issued pronouncements to priests through the rustling of a sacred oak tree. Today, a different oak tree at the site provides visitors with a chance to try their own hands at extracting a prophecy. “I take all the researchers who visit me here, and almost every single one of them asks the tree the same question,” Ioannidis tells me, as we contemplate the tree the day after the team‟s meeting. “„Will my research grant be approved?‟” He chuckles, but Ioannidis (pronounced yo-NEE-dees) tends to laugh not so much in mirth as to soften the sting of his attack. And sure enough, he goes on to suggest that an obsession with winning funding has gone a long way toward weakening the reliability of medical research.

He first stumbled on the sorts of problems plaguing the field, he explains, as a young physician-researcher in the early 1990s at Harvard. At the time, he was interested in diagnosing rare diseases, for which a lack of case data can leave doctors with little to go on other than intuition and rules of thumb. But he noticed that doctors seemed to proceed in much the same manner even when it came to cancer, heart disease, and other common ailments. Where were the hard data that would back up their treatment decisions? There was plenty of published research, but
much of it was remarkably unscientific, based largely on observations of a small number of cases. A new “evidence-based medicine” movement was just starting to gather force, and Ioannidis decided to throw himself into it, working first with prominent researchers at Tufts University and then taking positions at Johns Hopkins University and the National Institutes of Health. He was unusually well armed: he had been a math prodigy of near-celebrity status in
high school in Greece, and had followed his parents, who were both physician-researchers, into medicine. Now he‟d have a chance to combine math and medicine by applying rigorous statistical analysis to what seemed a surprisingly sloppy field. “I assumed that everything we physicians did was basically right, but now I was going to help verify it,” he says. “All we‟d have to do was systematically review the evidence, trust what it told us, and then everything
would be perfect.”

It didn’t turn out that way. In poring over medical journals, he was struck by how many findings of all types were refuted by later findings. Of course, medical-science “never minds” are hardly secret. And they sometimes make headlines, as when in recent years large studies or growing consensuses of researchers concluded that mammograms, colonoscopies, and PSA tests are far less useful cancer-detection tools than we had been told; or when widely prescribed antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil were revealed to be no more effective than a placebo for most cases of depression; or when we learned that staying out of the sun entirely can actually increase cancer risks; or when we were told that the advice to drink lots of water during intense exercise was potentially fatal; or when, last April, we were informed that taking fish oil, exercising, and doing puzzles doesn’t really help fend off Alzheimer‟s disease, as long claimed. Peer-reviewed studies have come to opposite conclusions on whether using cell phones can cause brain cancer, whether sleeping more than eight hours a night is healthful or dangerous, whether taking aspirin every day is more likely to save your life or cut it short, and whether routine angioplasty works better than pills to unclog heart arteries.

But beyond the headlines, Ioannidis was shocked at the range and reach of the reversals he was seeing in everyday medical research. “Randomized controlled trials,” which compare how one group responds to a treatment against how an identical group fares without the treatment, had long been considered nearly unshakable evidence, but they, too, ended up being wrong some of the time. “I realized even our gold-standard research had a lot of problems,” he says. Baffled, he started looking for the specific ways in which studies were going wrong. And before long he
discovered that the range of errors being committed was astonishing: from what questions researchers posed, to how they set up the studies, to which patients they recruited for the studies, to which measurements they took, to how they analyzed the data, to how they presented their results, to how particular studies came to be published in medical journals.

This array suggested a bigger, underlying dysfunction, and Ioannidis thought he knew what it was. “The studies were biased,” he says. “Sometimes they were overtly biased. Sometimes it was difficult to see the bias, but it was there.” Researchers headed into their studies wanting certain results—and, lo and behold, they were getting them. We think of the scientific process as being objective, rigorous, and even ruthless in separating out what is true from what we merely wish to be true, but in fact it‟s easy to manipulate results, even unintentionally or unconsciously. “At every step in the process, there is room to distort results, a way to make a stronger claim or to select what is going to be concluded,” says Ioannidis. “There is an intellectual conflict of interest that pressures researchers to find whatever it is that is most likely to get them funded.”

Perhaps only a minority of researchers were succumbing to this bias, but their distorted findings were having an outsize effect on published research. To get funding and tenured positions, and often merely to stay afloat, researchers have to get their work published in well-regarded journals, where rejection rates can climb above 90 percent. Not surprisingly, the studies that tend to make the grade are those with eye-catching findings. But while coming up with eye-catching theories is relatively easy, getting reality to bear them out is another matter. The great majority collapse under the weight of contradictory data when studied rigorously. Imagine, though, that five different research teams test an interesting theory that‟s making the rounds, and four of the groups correctly prove the idea false, while the one less cautious group incorrectly “proves” it true through some combination of error, fluke, and clever selection of data. Guess whose findings your doctor ends up reading about in the journal, and you end up hearing about on the evening news? Researchers can sometimes win attention by refuting a prominent finding, which can help to at least raise doubts about results, but in general it is far more rewarding to add a new insight or exciting-sounding twist to existing research than to retest its basic premises—after all, simply re-proving someone else‟s results is unlikely to get you published, and attempting to undermine the work of respected colleagues can have ugly professional repercussions.

In the late 1990s, Ioannidis set up a base at the University of Ioannina. He pulled together his team, which remains largely intact today, and started chipping away at the problem in a series of papers that pointed out specific ways certain studies were getting misleading results. Other meta-researchers were also starting to spotlight disturbingly high rates of error in the medical literature. But Ioannidis wanted to get the big picture across, and to do so with solid data, clear reasoning, and good statistical analysis. The project dragged on, until finally he retreated to the
tiny island of Sikinos in the Aegean Sea, where he drew inspiration from the relatively primitive surroundings and the intellectual traditions they recalled. “A pervasive theme of ancient Greek literature is that you need to pursue the truth, no matter what the truth might be,” he says. In 2005, he unleashed two papers that challenged the foundations of medical research.

He chose to publish one paper, fittingly, in the online journal PLoS Medicine, which is committed to running any methodologically sound article without regard to how “interesting” the results may be. In the paper, Ioannidis laid out a detailed mathematical proof that, assuming modest levels of researcher bias, typically imperfect research techniques, and the well-known tendency to focus on exciting rather than highly plausible theories, researchers will come up with wrong findings most of the time. Simply put, if you‟re attracted to ideas that have a good chance
of being wrong, and if you‟re motivated to prove them right, and if you have a little wiggle room in how you assemble the evidence, you‟ll probably succeed in proving wrong theories right. His model predicted, in different fields of medical research, rates of wrongness roughly corresponding to the observed rates at which findings were later convincingly refuted: 80 percent of non-randomized studies (by far the most common type) turn out to be wrong, as do 25 percent of supposedly gold-standard randomized trials, and as much as 10 percent of the platinum-standard large randomized trials. The article spelled out his belief that researchers were frequently manipulating data analyses, chasing career-advancing findings rather than good science, and even using the peer-review process—in which journals ask researchers to help decide which studies to publish—to suppress opposing views. “You can question some of the details of John‟s calculations, but it‟s hard to argue that the essential ideas aren‟t absolutely
correct,” says Doug Altman, an Oxford University researcher who directs the Centre for Statistics in Medicine.

Still, Ioannidis anticipated that the community might shrug off his findings: sure, a lot of dubious research makes it into journals, but we researchers and physicians know to ignore it and focus on the good stuff, so what‟s the big deal? The other paper headed off that claim. He zoomed in on 49 of the most highly regarded research findings in medicine over the previous 13 years, as judged by the science community‟s two standard measures: the papers had appeared in the journals most widely cited in research articles, and the 49 articles themselves were the most
widely cited articles in these journals. These were articles that helped lead to the widespread popularity of treatments such as the use of hormone-replacement therapy for menopausal women, vitamin E to reduce the risk of heart disease, coronary stents to ward off heart attacks, and daily low-dose aspirin to control blood pressure and prevent heart attacks and strokes. Ioannidis was putting his contentions to the test not against run-of-the-mill research, or even merely well-accepted research, but against the absolute tip of the research pyramid. Of the 49
articles, 45 claimed to have uncovered effective interventions. Thirty-four of these claims had been retested, and 14 of these, or 41 percent, had been convincingly shown to be wrong or significantly exaggerated. If between a third and a half of the most acclaimed research in medicine was proving untrustworthy, the scope and impact of the problem were undeniable. That article was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

DRIVING ME BACK to campus in his smallish SUV—after insisting, as he apparently does with all his visitors, on showing me a nearby lake and the six monasteries situated on an islet within it—Ioannidis apologized profusely for running a yellow light, explaining with a laugh that he didn‟t trust the truck behind him to stop. Considering his willingness, even eagerness, to slap the face of the medical-research community, Ioannidis comes off as thoughtful, upbeat, and deeply civil. He‟s a careful listener, and his frequent grin and semi-apologetic chuckle can make the sharp prodding of his arguments seem almost good-natured. He is as quick, if not quicker, to question his own motives and competence as anyone else‟s. A neat and compact 45-year-old with a trim mustache, he presents as a sort of dashing nerd—Giancarlo Giannini with a bit of Mr. Bean.

The humility and graciousness seem to serve him well in getting across a message that is not easy to digest or, for that matter, believe: that even highly regarded researchers at prestigious institutions sometimes churn out attention-grabbing findings rather than findings likely to be right. But Ioannidis points out that obviously questionable findings cram the pages of top medical journals, not to mention the morning headlines. Consider, he says, the endless stream of results from nutritional studies in which researchers follow thousands of people for some number
of years, tracking what they eat and what supplements they take, and how their health changes over the course of the study. “Then the researchers start asking, „What did vitamin E do? What did vitamin C or D or A do? What changed with calorie intake, or protein or fat intake? What happened to cholesterol levels? Who got what type of cancer?‟” he says. “They run everything through the mill, one at a time, and they start finding associations, and eventually conclude that vitamin X lowers the risk of cancer Y, or this food helps with the risk of that disease.” In a single
week this fall, Google‟s news page offered these headlines: “More Omega-3 Fats Didn‟t Aid Heart Patients”; “Fruits, Vegetables Cut Cancer Risk for Smokers”; “Soy May Ease Sleep Problems in Older Women”; and dozens of similar stories.

When a five-year study of 10,000 people finds that those who take more vitamin X are less likely to get cancer Y, you‟d think you have pretty good reason to take more vitamin X, and physicians routinely pass these recommendations on to patients. But these studies often sharply conflict with one another. Studies have gone back and forth on the cancer-preventing powers of vitamins A, D, and E; on the heart-health benefits of eating fat and carbs; and even on the question of whether being overweight is more likely to extend or shorten your life. How should we choose among these dueling, high-profile nutritional findings? Ioannidis suggests a simple approach:
ignore them all.

For starters, he explains, the odds are that in any large database of many nutritional and health factors, there will be a few apparent connections that are in fact merely flukes, not real health effects—it‟s a bit like combing through long, random strings of letters and claiming there‟s an important message in any words that happen to turn up. But even if a study managed to highlight a genuine health connection to some nutrient, you‟re unlikely to benefit much from taking more of it, because we consume thousands of nutrients that act together as a sort of network, and
changing intake of just one of them is bound to cause ripples throughout the network that are far too complex for these studies to detect, and that may be as likely to harm you as help you. Even if changing that one factor does bring on the claimed improvement, there‟s still a good chance that it won‟t do you much good in the long run, because these studies rarely go on long enough to track the decades-long course of disease and ultimately death. Instead, they track easily measurable health “markers” such as cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood-sugar levels, and meta-experts have shown that changes in these markers often don‟t correlate as well with long-term health as we have been led to believe.

On the relatively rare occasions when a study does go on long enough to track mortality, the findings frequently upend those of the shorter studies. (For example, though the vast majority of studies of overweight individuals link excess weight to ill health, the longest of them haven‟t convincingly shown that overweight people are likely to die sooner, and a few of them have seemingly demonstrated that moderately overweight people are likely to live longer.) And these problems are aside from ubiquitous measurement errors (for example, people habitually misreport their diets in studies), routine misanalysis (researchers rely on complex software capable of juggling results in ways they don‟t always understand), and the less common, but serious, problem of outright fraud (which has been revealed, in confidential surveys, to be much more widespread than scientists like to acknowledge).

If a study somehow avoids every one of these problems and finds a real connection to long-term changes in health, you‟re still not guaranteed to benefit, because studies report average results that typically represent a vast range of individual outcomes. Should you be among the lucky minority that stands to benefit, don‟t expect a noticeable improvement in your health, because studies usually detect only modest effects that merely tend to whittle your chances of succumbing to a particular disease from small to somewhat smaller. “The odds that anything useful will survive from any of these studies are poor,” says Ioannidis—dismissing in a breath a good chunk of the research into which we sink about $100 billion a year in the United States alone.

And so it goes for all medical studies, he says. Indeed, nutritional studies aren‟t the worst. Drug studies have the added corruptive force of financial conflict of interest. The exciting links between genes and various diseases and traits that are relentlessly hyped in the press for heralding miraculous around-the-corner treatments for everything from colon cancer to schizophrenia have in the past proved so vulnerable to error and distortion, Ioannidis has found, that in some cases you‟d have done about as well by throwing darts at a chart of the genome. (These studies seem to have improved somewhat in recent years, but whether they will hold up or be useful in treatment are still open questions.) Vioxx, Zelnorm, and Baycol were among the widely prescribed drugs found to be safe and effective in large randomized controlled trials before the drugs were yanked from the market as unsafe or not so effective, or both.

“Often the claims made by studies are so extravagant that you can immediately cross them out without needing to know much about the specific problems with the studies,” Ioannidis says. But of course it‟s that very extravagance of claim (one large randomized controlled trial even proved that secret prayer by unknown parties can save the lives of heart-surgery patients, while another proved that secret prayer can harm them) that helps gets these findings into journals and then into our treatments and lifestyles, especially when the claim builds on impressive-sounding evidence. “Even when the evidence shows that a particular research idea is wrong, if you have thousands of scientists who have invested their careers in it, they‟ll continue to publish papers on it,” he says. “It‟s like an epidemic, in the sense that they‟re infected with these wrong ideas, and they‟re spreading it to other researchers through journals.”

THOUGH SCIENTISTS AND science journalists are constantly talking up the value of the peer-review process, researchers admit among themselves that biased, erroneous, and even blatantly fraudulent studies easily slip through it. Nature, the grande dame of science journals, stated in a 2006 editorial, “Scientists understand that peer review per se provides only a minimal assurance of quality, and that the public conception of peer review as a stamp of authentication is far from the truth.” What‟s more, the peer-review process often pressures researchers to shy away from striking out in genuinely new directions, and instead to build on the findings of their colleagues (that is, their potential reviewers) in ways that only seem like breakthroughs—as with the exciting-sounding gene linkages (autism genes identified!) and nutritional findings (olive oil lowers blood pressure!) that are really just dubious and conflicting variations on a theme.

Most journal editors don‟t even claim to protect against the problems that plague these studies. University and government research overseers rarely step in to directly enforce research quality, and when they do, the science community goes ballistic over the outside interference. The ultimate protection against research error and bias is supposed to come from the way scientists constantly retest each other‟s results—except they don‟t. Only the most prominent findings are likely to be put to the test, because there‟s likely to be publication payoff in firming up the proof, or contradicting it.

But even for medicine‟s most influential studies, the evidence sometimes remains surprisingly narrow. Of those 45 super-cited studies that Ioannidis focused on, 11 had never been retested. Perhaps worse, Ioannidis found that even when a research error is outed, it typically persists for years or even decades. He looked at three prominent health studies from the 1980s and 1990s that were each later soundly refuted, and discovered that researchers continued to cite the original results as correct more often than as flawed—in one case for at least 12 years after the results were discredited.

Doctors may notice that their patients don‟t seem to fare as well with certain treatments as the literature would lead them to expect, but the field is appropriately conditioned to subjugate such anecdotal evidence to study findings. Yet much, perhaps even most, of what doctors do has never been formally put to the test in credible studies, given that the need to do so became obvious to the field only in the 1990s, leaving it playing catch-up with a century or more of non-evidence- based medicine, and contributing to Ioannidis‟s shockingly high estimate of the degree to which
medical knowledge is flawed. That we‟re not routinely made seriously ill by this shortfall, he argues, is due largely to the fact that most medical interventions and advice don‟t address life-and-death situations, but rather aim to leave us marginally healthier or less unhealthy, so we usually neither gain nor risk all that much.

Medical research is not especially plagued with wrongness. Other meta-research experts have confirmed that similar issues distort research in all fields of science, from physics to economics (where the highly regarded economists J. Bradford DeLong and Kevin Lang once showed how a remarkably consistent paucity of strong evidence in published economics studies made it unlikely that any of them were right). And needless to say, things only get worse when it comes to the pop expertise that endlessly spews at us from diet, relationship, investment, and parenting gurus and pundits. But we expect more of scientists, and especially of medical scientists, given that we believe we are staking our lives on their results. The public hardly recognizes how bad a bet this is. The medical community itself might still be largely oblivious to the scope of the problem, if Ioannidis hadn‟t forced a confrontation when he published his studies in 2005.

Ioannidis initially thought the community might come out fighting. Instead, it seemed relieved, as if it had been guiltily waiting for someone to blow the whistle, and eager to hear more. David Gorski, a surgeon and researcher at Detroit‟s Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, noted in his prominent medical blog that when he presented Ioannidis‟s paper on highly cited research at a professional meeting, “not a single one of my surgical colleagues was the least bit surprised or disturbed by its findings.” Ioannidis offers a theory for the relatively calm reception. “I think that people didn‟t feel I was only trying to provoke them, because I showed that it was a community problem, instead of pointing fingers at individual examples of bad research,” he says. In a sense, he gave scientists an opportunity to cluck about the wrongness without having to acknowledge that they themselves succumb to it—it was something everyone else did.

To say that Ioannidis‟s work has been embraced would be an understatement. His PLoS Medicine paper is the most downloaded in the journal‟s history, and it‟s not even Ioannidis‟s most-cited work—that would be a paper he published in Nature Genetics on the problems with gene-link studies. Other researchers are eager to work with him: he has published papers with 1,328 different co-authors at 538 institutions in 43 countries, he says. Last year he received, by his estimate, invitations to speak at 1,000 conferences and institutions around the world, and he was accepting an average of about five invitations a month until a case last year of excessive-travel-induced vertigo led him to cut back. Even so, in the weeks before I visited him he had addressed an AIDS conference in San Francisco, the European Society for Clinical Investigation, Harvard‟s School of Public Health, and the medical schools at Stanford and Tufts.

The irony of his having achieved this sort of success by accusing the medical-research community of chasing after success is not lost on him, and he notes that it ought to raise the question of whether he himself might be pumping up his findings. “If I did a study and the results showed that in fact there wasn’t really much bias in research, would I be willing to publish it?” he asks. “That would create a real psychological conflict for me.” But his bigger worry, he says, is that while his fellow researchers seem to be getting the message, he hasn’t necessarily forced anyone to do a better job. He fears he won’t in the end have done much to improve anyone‟s health. “There may not be fierce objections to what I‟m saying,” he explains. “But it‟s difficult to change the way that everyday doctors, patients, and healthy people think and behave.”

AS HELTER-SKELTER as the University of Ioannina Medical School campus looks, the hospital abutting it looks reassuringly stolid. Athina Tatsioni has offered to take me on a tour of the facility, but we make it only as far as the entrance when she is greeted—accosted, really—by a worried-looking older woman. Tatsioni, normally a bit reserved, is warm and animated with the woman, and the two have a brief but intense conversation before embracing and saying goodbye. Tatsioni explains to me that the woman and her husband were patients of hers years ago; now the husband has been admitted to the hospital with abdominal pains, and Tatsioni has promised she’ll stop by his room later to say hello. Recalling the appendicitis story, I prod a bit, and she confesses she plans to do her own exam. She needs to be circumspect, though, so she won’t appear to be second-guessing the other doctors.

Tatsioni doesn’t so much fear that someone will carve out the man‟s healthy appendix. Rather, she’s concerned that, like many patients, he’ll end up with prescriptions for multiple drugs that will do little to help him, and may well harm him. “Usually what happens is that the doctor will ask for a suite of biochemical tests—liver fat, pancreas function, and so on,” she tells me. “The tests could turn up something, but they‟re probably irrelevant. Just having a good talk with the patient and getting a close history is much more likely to tell me what‟s wrong.” Of course, the doctors have all been trained to order these tests, she notes, and doing so is a lot quicker than a long bedside chat. They‟re also trained to ply the patient with whatever drugs might help whack any errant test numbers back into line. What they‟re not trained to do is to go back and look at the research papers that helped make these drugs the standard of care. “When you look the papers up, you often find the drugs didn‟t even work better than a placebo. And no one tested how they worked in combination with the other drugs,” she says. “Just taking the patient off everything can improve their health right away.” But not only is checking out the research another time-consuming task, patients often don’t even like it when they’re taken off their drugs, she explains; they find their prescriptions reassuring.

Later, Ioannidis tells me he makes a point of having several clinicians on his team. “Researchers and physicians often don‟t understand each other; they speak different languages,” he says. Knowing that some of his researchers are spending more than half their time seeing patients makes him feel the team is better positioned to bridge that gap; their experience informs the team‟s research with firsthand knowledge, and helps the team shape its papers in a way more likely to hit home with physicians. It‟s not that he envisions doctors making all their decisions based solely on solid evidence—there‟s simply too much complexity in patient treatment to pin down every situation with a great study. “Doctors need to rely on instinct and judgment to make choices,” he says. “But these choices should be as informed as possible by the evidence. And if the evidence isn‟t good, doctors should know that, too. And so should patients.”

In fact, the question of whether the problems with medical research should be broadcast to the public is a sticky one in the meta-research community. Already feeling that they‟re fighting to keep patients from turning to alternative medical treatments such as homeopathy, or misdiagnosing themselves on the Internet, or simply neglecting medical treatment altogether, many researchers and physicians aren‟t eager to provide even more reason to be skeptical of
what doctors do—not to mention how public disenchantment with medicine could affect research funding. Ioannidis dismisses these concerns. “If we don‟t tell the public about these problems, then we‟re no better than nonscientists who falsely claim they can heal,” he says. “If the drugs don‟t work and we‟re not sure how to treat something, why should we claim differently? Some fear that there may be less funding because we stop claiming we can prove we have miraculous treatments. But if we can‟t really provide those miracles, how long will we be able to fool the
public anyway? The scientific enterprise is probably the most fantastic achievement in human history, but that doesn‟t mean we have a right to overstate what we‟re accomplishing.”

We could solve much of the wrongness problem, Ioannidis says, if the world simply stopped expecting scientists to be right. That‟s because being wrong in science is fine, and even necessary—as long as scientists recognize that they blew it, report their mistake openly instead of disguising it as a success, and then move on to the next thing, until they come up with the very occasional genuine breakthrough. But as long as careers remain contingent on producing a stream of research that‟s dressed up to seem more right than it is, scientists will keep delivering exactly that.

“Science is a noble endeavor, but it‟s also a low-yield endeavor,” he says. “I‟m not sure that more than a very small percentage of medical research is ever likely to lead to major improvements in clinical outcomes and quality of life. We should be very comfortable with that fact.”

This article available online at:

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2010/11/lies-damned-lies-and-medical–
science/8269/

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